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Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

agreement reached at the WHS, termed the ‘grand bargain’, and deliver more cost effective and efficient humanitarian aid would require the innovation of systems, processes and practice embedded at an unprecedented level across the entire sector ( Ki-moon, 2016 ). Innovation has long been an essential function of humanitarian work. Innovative products, approaches and processes are so commonplace that for functions like information communication technology (ICT) there are

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Tami Amanda Jacoby

equality between men and women. The harsh physical conditions and security issues led to social norms being eventually surpassed by the glorification of physical labour, militarism and masculinized traits. Productivity targets and the prioritizing of physical labour intensified the segregation of men and women. Women’s work became associated with a lack of productivity and power and was thus rendered less

in Redefining security in the Middle East
America and Trump in the Asia Pacific
Ketan Patel and Christian Hansmeyer

under Prime Minister Narendra Modi, who has worked hard to promote India as an investment destination. As the world’s fastest growing major economy, India has already surpassed China in attracting foreign direct investment (FDI), creating a strong consumer base, 25 encouraging its major corporations to grow internationally and restructuring its finances through wide-ranging reforms. Unlike China, India is also enhancing the rule of law, reducing FDI restrictions, and maintaining open access to information and the Internet, thereby becoming an increasingly attractive

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Open Access (free)
The international system and the Middle East
Raymond Hinnebusch

since the (formal) retreat of Western empires. As Sadeq al-Azm has noted, the Arabs and Muslims, viewing themselves as a historically great nation and bearers of God’s true religion, find it hard to accept their domination by the West ( Arab Studies Quarterly , 19:3, 1997, 124). As such, external intervention and its often damaging consequences has stimulated an on-going reaction manifested in nationalist and Islamic movements, in the rise of revisionist states, and in the attempts of regional states to assert autonomy and to restructure

in The international politics of the Middle East
Israel and a Palestinian state
Lenore G. Martin

equitable allocation of the shared water, but the commission still has much work to do to alleviate water shortages in the West Bank and Gaza ( Rouyer, 1999 ). 42 Part of the problem for the Palestinians remains their inefficient and localized system for accessing and delivery of water, particularly for irrigation uses ( Trottier, 1999 : 99–134). Severe droughts and the

in Redefining security in the Middle East
John P. Willerton and Geoffrey Cockerham

attention to those underlying interconnections which structure long-term behaviour; interconnections which could facilitate longer-term engagement among FSU states, especially under assertive Russian prodding. Continuing Russian hegemonic interests and the FSU Governing elites of collapsing multinational empires struggle to maintain their hegemonic position even as their relations with the regions of the periphery are fundamentally restructured.8 This has proven true in the Soviet and Russian case, as all Moscow-based politicians endeavoured to maintain Russian influence

in Limiting institutions?
Marta Iñiguez de Heredia

3 The history and present of ‘Africa’s World War’ S The ‘failure’ of the DRC and the militarisation of peace peaking in 2010 of the International Security and Stabilisation Support Strategy (ISSSS) for the DRC, a MONUSCO officer argued that the escalation of violence in the Kivus over the last few years was caused by the DRC state being ‘inexistent’ (MONUSCO – ISSSS/STAREC liaison officer 2010). For this MONUSCO representative, some functions of the state did not work properly. So the task of international actors was to operationalise the state towards making

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Oliver Turner

through China’s forced abandonment of practices Washington and others considered anachronistic and uncivilised, such as quotas on foreign trade and prohibitions on foreigners in most Chinese ports. But the treaty was about more than economic gain. With the intention to Westernise China, it granted the United States privileges in diplomacy and law and gave Americans the previously forbidden right to learn the Chinese language. It worked to turn China into an overseas site not just of American profit but of the American self. 22 Via the gunboat diplomacy of Matthew

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Joshua B. Spero

to guide resource management and procurement decisions. DRMS facilitates establishment of a rationalised defence management system similar to those already in use by NATO allies. This crucial NATO-related budgeting and planning approach aids civil-military restructuring, especially infrastructure requirements. All of these US programmes reach well into the Eurasian area and provide an instrumental foundation for regional cooperation and integration.32 Since most of the Eurasian signatories started their PfP programmes during the mid-1990s, the NATO nations now

in Limiting institutions?
Explaining foreign policy variation
Raymond Hinnebusch

independent financial base and the regime fostered a loyal Nejdi business class entirely dependent on state patronage. Bureaucratic expansion absorbed at least a half of nationals into the state-employed middle class and once-radical workers were transformed into welfare recipients or white-collar employees. In a tacit social contract, the mass public eschewed political rights in return for vastly increased material and welfare benefits. The division of the country into privileged citizens, many of whom did little work, and non-citizens, who worked but were unentitled to

in The international politics of the Middle East