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Contemporary discourses of working, earning and spending

Acceptance, critique and the bigger picture

Anne B. Ryan

the premise that the costly trappings of contemporary living are necessary. Within this discourse, couples are assumed to need two full incomes simply to make ends meet. House prices and the need for a range of essentials, from the latest in mobile phones to bottled water, are cited as justification for living beyond eih ch-9.P65 159 26/3/03, 15:16 160 Ryan one’s means, or just breaking even each month. In turn, this discourse facilitates short-term financial thinking, borrowing and credit, and precludes the idea of doing without, living within one’s means or

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Annamaria Simonazzi

productivity has been ascribed to the insufficient flexibility and excessive protection of the labour market. This chapter also contrasts the short-term competitiveness effects of austerity/flexibility policies with the long-term efficiency effects deriving from a greater commitment of both the employer and the employed workforce. The view of social policy as a productive factor is embedded in the conviction that sustained growth and decent working conditions are the result of the interactions between macro-policies and labour outcomes, and great risks can spring from

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Tony Fitzpatrick

interpreted as the refortification of class divisions and the criminalisation of poverty (Bauman, 1998a: 113–22; Short and Kim, 1999: 115–16), expressed most alarmingly in the ghettoisation of rich and poor areas (Body-Gendrot, 2000). Bauman’s account is not without problems (Warde, 1994), especially given his tendency to make sweeping generalisations that fit whatever metaphor he is captivated by at that moment. Even so, he is one of those whose approach is a welcome alternative to those who treat globalisation as a rupture in the historical condition (Giddens, 1991) and

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Neither Boston nor Berlin

Class polarisation and neo-liberalism in the Irish Republic

Kieran Allen

increasing tendency to ‘downsize’ and replace permanent workers with ‘contingent workers’. The latter are temporary employees, often hired on short-term contracts or through employment agencies. Between 1978 and 1995, the top 100 US companies laid off, on a net basis, no less than twenty-two per cent of their workforce.8 Employment eih ch-3.P65 57 26/3/03, 15:09 58 Allen through temp agencies grew by 116 per cent between 1988 and 1996.9 Another way in which living standards were attacked was through a series of ‘give-backs’ – a euphemistic term for wage cuts

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‘The Killer That Doesn’t Pay Back’

Chinua Achebe’s critique of cosmopolitics

Laura Chrisman

explaining why it resonates today. chapter10 21/12/04 11:25 am Page 159 ‘The Killer That Doesn’t Pay Back’ 159 It is no surprise that Achebe should select the institution of the Post Office to launch his attack on imperialism. From Things Fall Apart onwards, Achebe has evinced a strong concern with media – in both a broad sense, as a term for the different technologies and agents through which power is channelled – and in a narrow sense of verbal communications. Without the African court messengers in Things Fall Apart, the British imperial project could not proceed

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Doing the hokey-cokey

Everyday trajectories of activism

Hilary Pilkington

chapter opens with a broad-brush portrait of the socio-demographic profile of activists in this study contextualised in existing data on the composition of support for, and activism in, far right organisations. The chapter then considers routes into (and often out of) the movement and the costs and consequences of participation. While space does not allow the detailed profiling of all respondents, the individual stories of eight activists are included as short vignettes. In this way, it is hoped to evoke characters who are recognisable and ‘live from chapter to chapter

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Denis O’Hearn

. Many official economists were optimistic about the economy’s future, and assumed that the downturn was short term and that the economy would return to a moderate equilibrium growth path within a year or two.38 Regardless of the sustainability of even moderate growth in Ireland’s economic model, which is so dominated by and dependent on TNC activities, the experience of the Celtic Tiger presents us with an opportunity to assess whether such a neo-liberal economic model is desirable on social grounds. Such an assessment comes in two parts. First, there is the question

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Series:

Janelle Joseph

Canada and the Caribbean diaspora through cricket, cricket-related travel and imaginative rediscoveries of communities. Of the diaspora experience, Salman Rushdie ( 1991 , p. 9) writes that we “are haunted by some sense of loss … our physical alienation from [the homeland] almost inevitably means that we will not be capable of reclaiming precisely the thing that was lost; that we will, in short, create

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The end of Irish history?

An introduction to the book

Colin Coulter

1 The end of Irish history? An introduction to the book COLIN COULTER During the Easter vacation of 2001, I happened to be travelling through the United States and picked up a copy of a renowned popular music magazine to pass the time on a short internal flight. While leafing through the publication, I stumbled across a feature that struck me as having no little cultural significance. It was a single-frame, full-page advertisement for some commodity or other set in a stylish contemporary bathroom that could have been located in more or less any major city in

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Struggles within Enlightenment

Jewish emancipation and the Jewish question

Robert Fine and Philip Spencer

emancipation, still justified the latter in terms of enabling the ‘moral and physical regeneration of Jews’. 12 There were Jews who shared this perspective. Isaac Berr (1744–1828), one of a group of six Jews from Alsace Lorraine who came to the Assembly in Paris to defend Jewish emancipation, wrote to fellow Jews in 1791 that it was the start of a process in which ‘we’ (in this case Jews) must ‘work a change in our manners, in our habits, in short, in our whole