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Daktar Binodbihari Ray Kabiraj and the metaphorics of the nineteenth-century Ayurvedic body
Projit Bihari Mukharji

about Binodbihari Ray. He was born around 1862 and in his youth, he trained in Western-style medicine and eventually earned a VLMS (Vernacular Licentiate of Medicine & Surgery) diploma. Unfortunately, there is no record of his subsequent professional life. In January 1890, he launched a short-lived medical journal. At the time he was based in Talanda, Rajshahi, in present-day north Bangladesh. He also claimed to have run into huge debt to finance the publication. Very few issues of this journal have survived, suggesting that it probably did not last very long (though

in Progress and pathology
Polio in Eastern Europe
Dora Vargha

a shared attribute in the Eastern Bloc. As historian Gail Kligman put it, ‘Mobilization and control of the population were of critical strategic importance for the maximization of development potential, and attention to demographic phenomena was essential to securing long-term interests. In order to meet the relatively high labor needs of such economies, reproduction of the labor force became a priority planning item.’ 5

in The politics of vaccination
Duncan Wilson

criticise procedures such as IVF and did not seek to involve themselves in medical decision-making. They also believed that the new ‘transdisciplinary’ societies and journals should be considered as medical bodies and should work to ‘safeguard the doctor’s role’.3 This stance ensured that while discussion of medical ethics increasingly involved professions other than doctors, it was still undertaken primarily for their benefit. Interdisciplinary debates in Britain consequently differed from those that were termed ‘bioethics’ in the United States, where outsiders publicly

in The making of British bioethics
Open Access (free)
Christine E. Hallett

as watersheds for women: in wartime women gained new roles and opportunities; won political rights (albeit apparently because of their wartime ‘good behaviour’); and became more involved in politics, often through pacifism. In the long term, the effects of war ‘revolutionized women’s status’.18 3 Introduction In 1990, Claire Tylee wrote women irrevocably into the cultural history of the First World War. Drawing upon the work of Fussell, she examined the ways in which the war had altered the consciousness of Western society; but, where Fussell had focused on the

in Nurse Writers of the Great War