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the Challenges of Humanitarian Experimentation’ , International Review of the Red Cross , 99 : 1 , 319 – 44 , doi: 10.1017/S181638311700042X . Schumpeter , J. A. ( 2003 ), Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy ( London : Routledge ). Scott-Smith , T. ( 2016 ), ‘ Humanitarian Neophilia: The “Innovation

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The management of migration between care and control

’, International Socialism: A Quarterly Review of Socialist Theory , 150 (4 April 2016 ), http://isj.org.uk/the-crisis-of-the-european-border-regime-towards-a-marxist-theory-of-borders/#footnote-10080–28 . Accessed 15 July 2017. 13 M. Cebeci and T. Schumacher , ‘ Deconstructing the EU’s Discourse on the Mediterranean ’, Medreset , 2 ( 2016 ), pp

in Global humanitarianism and media culture
Explaining foreign policy variation

a large part of the landless peasantry into a smallholding, co-opertised peasantry dependent on regime support. Thus, Asad built a cross-sectarian coalition which held together even in the face of the major Islamic fundamentalist uprising of 1977–82 (Batatu 1982; Hinnebusch 2001: 93–103, 115–25; Seale 1988: 317–20, 455–60). A sign of the autonomy of the regime was its ability to harness the economy to its foreign policy and military strengthening. Syria’s turn to statist ‘socialism’ from the late 1950s was, in good part, driven by the belief

in The international politics of the Middle East
A view from below

forces but real people. That is, they are seen as actors responsible for their own actions and not as bearers of abstractions. The values resisters are defending are equally near and familiar. Their point of departure is the practices and norms that have proven effective in the past and appear to offer some promise of reducing or reversing the losses they suffer. The goals of resistance are as modest as its values. The poor strive to gain work, land, and income; they are not aiming at large historical abstractions such as socialism, let alone Marxist-Leninism. The

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Journalism practice, risk and humanitarian communication

Rawls did not endorse socialism or communism. Such systems of wealth distribution, end up affecting negatively even the least well-off in society. There must be winners and losers; otherwise, no one will have incentives to keep running according to Rawls. 15 Nevertheless, those moderated philosophers who reject equality of outcomes, would nevertheless uphold some form of wealth

in Global humanitarianism and media culture

transform the military into an ‘ideological army’ committed to Ba’thism whose coercive power would give the regime the autonomy of the dominant classes necessary to launch the Ba’th revolution from above: indeed, in the following years the army repressed no less than seven major anti-regime urban disturbances by some combination of merchants aggrieved at state socialism and Islamists alienated by minority dominance. However, once the radical Ba’thists’ politicisation of the army was discredited by its miserable performance in the 1967 war, they rapidly lost support among

in The international politics of the Middle East

certain extent, which explains the popular support it received: ‘People voted “yes” to the constitution, their aspirations are seen there, they want justice, schools, good public services …’ These aspirations are well captured by what this combatant called ‘the movement’: ‘We aim to establish a government that is based on the ideals of socialism, which promotes civic and moral education and endogenous political and economic development for the restoration of Congolese dignity.’ So, although Mai Mai militias have a local attachment and an ethnic component, their ideals

in Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making
Impact of structural tensions and thresholds

rights of nations to self-determination. The groundlessness of such reasoning consists primarily in that it is based on an abstract, non-class approach to the question of sovereignty … The sovereignty of each socialist country cannot be opposed to the interests of the world of socialism, of the world revolutionary movement. 67

in The United Nations, intra-state peacekeeping and normative change
A veiled threat

‘ideology’ can attain. 4 Second, Islam remains essentially ‘uncontaminated’. With the exception of Iran, Islam is the one ideology that has not been tainted by the actual exercise of power and proven ineffectual in terms of solving the problems of the various populations. Past hegemonic ideologies, such as National Socialism, Pan-Arabism, and even the contemporary variant of Liberal Democracy have all

in Redefining security in the Middle East