In his classic work on The Sociological Imagination, C.
Wright Mills argued that it ‘enables the possessor to understand the historical scene in terms of its meaning for the
inner life and external career of individuals’ (Mills 1959: 5).
In other words, sociology seeks to explain the experience
and life chances of the individual in terms of the wider historical and institutional context. Sociological accounts of
the nature of democracy and democratization are thus less
concerned with the formal constitution of governmental
Towards an anarchist sociology1
A serious scholar is one who takes the Pope at his word and discounts the words of
rebels. A ranter is one who takes rebels at their word and discounts every word of
the Pope. (Fredy Perlman, 1983: 183)
Objectivism and relativism not only are untenable as philosophies, they are bad
guides for fruitful cultural collaboration. (Paul Feyerabend, 1995: 152)
The ‘politics’ of knowledge has long been a concern of the humanities and social
sciences. The decisions taken about which areas of society are
. Quijano ,
A. ( 2000 ),
‘ Coloniality of Power and Eurocentrism in Latin
America ’, International Sociology ,
15 : 2 ,
215 – 32 . Quijano ,
A. ( 2007 ),
‘ Coloniality and Modernity/Rationality ’,
Cultural Studies , 21 : 2–3 ,
168 – 78 . Rutazibwa , O.
U. ( 2018 ), ‘ On
Babies and Bathwater: Decolonizing International Development Studies ’,
in de Jong ,
S. , Icaza ,
R. and Rutazibwa ,
O. U. (eds), Decolonization and
Feminisms in Global Teaching and Learning ( London
children are more adept than adults at intuiting how computers work.
This is because they have been designed to make them child’s play, so to speak. Bibliography Alcock ,
R. ( 2016 ),
‘ Politics and the New Unconscious: Thinking beyond
Biopolitics ’ ( PhD thesis, School of Sociology, Politics and
International Studies (SPAIS), University of Bristol ). ALNAP ( 2009 ), ‘ 25th ALNAP
Annual Meeting: Innovations Fair ’, November ,
www.alnap.org/ourwork/innovations/fair (accessed 5 April
2017 ). Amsden , A.
H. ( 1990
Review , 3 September, http://m.cjr.org/164394/show/09239ac3b655cee6f021e5def773aad4/ (accessed 28 June 2019) . Turner , M. ( 1998 ), ‘ Kidnapping and Politics ’, International Journal of the Sociology of Law , 26 , 145 – 60 .
a majority of humanitarian
practitioners, we can define it as a commitment to three things: the equal moral worth of all
human lives (i.e. non-discrimination on principle), the moral priority of the claims of
individuals over the authority claims of any collective entity – from nations to churches
to classes to families – and a belief that as a moral commitment (one
that transcends any sociological or political boundary) there is a just and legitimate reason to
intervene in any and all circumstances where human beings suffer (even if
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
See http://healthcareindanger.org/ and http://notatarget.msf.org/ . 3 See www.aidworkersecurity.org . Bibliography Baines , E. and Paddon , E. ( 2012 ), ‘ “This Is How We Survived”: Civilian Agency and Humanitarian Protection ’, Security Dialogue , 43 : 3 , 231 – 47 . doi: 10.1177/0967010612444150 . Beerli , M. J. ( 2018 ), ‘ Saving the Saviors: Security Practices and Professional Struggles in the Humanitarian Space ’, International Political Sociology , 12 : 1 , 70 – 87 . doi: 10.1093/ips/olx023 . Bradley , M. ( 2013 ), ‘ International
Democratization is a major political phenomenon of the age and has been the focus of a burgeoning political science literature. This book considers democratization across a range of disciplines, from anthropology and economics, to sociology, law and area studies. The construction of democratization as a unit of study reflects the intellectual standpoint of the inquirer. The book highlights the use of normative argument to legitimize the exercise of power. From the 1950s to the 1980s, economic success enabled the authoritarian governments of South Korea and Taiwan to achieve a large measure of popular support despite the absence of democracy. The book outlines what a feminist framework might be and analyses feminist engagements with the theory and practice of democratization. It also shows how historians have contributed to the understanding of the processes of democratization. International Political Economy (IPE) has always had the potential to cut across the levels-of-analysis distinction. A legal perspective on democratization is presented by focusing on a tightly linked set of issues straddling the border between political and judicial power as they have arisen. Classic and contemporary sociological approaches to understanding democracy and democratization are highlighted, with particular attention being accorded to the post-1989 period. The book displays particularities within a common concern for institutional structures and their performance, ranging over the representation of women, electoral systems and constitutions (in Africa) and presidentialism (in Latin America). Both Europe and North America present in their different ways a kind of bridge between domestic and international dimensions of democratization.
relevant forms of crime which can be identified are
politically integrated crime, regular crime and perceived crime. These are not
sociological definitions of crime, but rather categories of crime encountered
through research which each have their own distinct characteristics and
effects. The first category would highlight links between criminal actors and
political leaders. Within this first category of crime, at least two motivations
can be identified. First, actors engage with criminals to achieve acute political
goals. So for example, the KLA was not a ‘criminal
This book contributes to the study of science and politics by shedding light on sometimes dark, hidden or ignored aspects of openness as a core policy agenda. While opening up of science to public scrutiny and public deliberation is good in principle, various dilemmas and problems are entailed by this move, which also should be made public and be discussed more openly. Developed as a solution to perceived crises in science/society relations, openness and transparency initiatives might hide ‘monsters’ that need to be made visible and need to be examined. Chapters in this book deal with four themes: transparency in the context of science in the public sphere; responsibility in the context of in contemporary research practice and governance, both globally and locally; experts in the context of policy-making, risk assessment and the regulation of science; and faith in the context of tensions and misunderstandings between science and religion. Each section of the book contains an opening essay by experts on a particular theme (Mark Brown, Benjamin Worthy, Barbara Prainsack/Sabina Leonelli, Chris Toumey). The book closes with an epilogue by Stephen Turner and an essay by John Holmwood. At present, openness in science is more important than ever. This book should be of interest to academics and members of the public who want to know more about the challenges and opportunities of 'making science public' - the theme of a Leverhulme Trust funded research programme on which this book is based.