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DSI approaches and behaviours

relevant forms of crime which can be identified are politically integrated crime, regular crime and perceived crime. These are not sociological definitions of crime, but rather categories of crime encountered through research which each have their own distinct characteristics and effects. The first category would highlight links between criminal actors and political leaders. Within this first category of crime, at least two motivations can be identified. First, actors engage with criminals to achieve acute political goals. So for example, the KLA was not a ‘criminal

in Building a peace economy?
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operationalised. Sexual behaviour became a subject of study (in fields that came to be known as psychology, psychoanalysis, sociology and anthropology) and a concept was needed to indicate that biological sex itself did not produce uniform patterns of behaviour in individuals. Rather, individuals progressed through a process of development that originated in maleness or femaleness, but either arrived at corresponding masculine and feminine forms

in Political concepts

‘tolerance’ as a value to be promoted in citizenship classes. The nature of citizenship There is more to the term ‘citizenship’ than simply pious do-gooding. It is a word capable of multiple meanings: legal citizenship; sociological citizenship; participatory citizenship. Legal citizenship Legal citizenship can simply mean ‘having legal status’. A citizen of a country

in Understanding political ideas and movements
Continuities and contradictions underpinning Amitai Etzioni’s communitarian influence on New Labour

sociological origins and thus exposes the underlying limitations of his societal projections. Moreover, it will become apparent that this form of methodological analysis is used myopically to substantiate an argument for the promotion of a normative society remarkably reminiscent of America in the 1950s. Finally, I discuss the ramifications of Etzioni

in The Third Way and beyond

social change, the present Third Way is based on outdated sociological assumptions. There are also social democratic critics willing to recognise that the Third Way is more than a smokescreen and needs to be engaged with in its own right. Rather than wanting the Third Way dropped in favour of a traditional social democratic agenda of the type discussed above, these critics want to

in The Third Way and beyond

sociology underlying his policies, even though beliefs about the dynamics of society are more easily discernible in policy than is any political philosophy. However, farther down the field, the names of philosophers have been mentioned in connection with New Labour, and these philosophers are the subject of this chapter. The philosophy in question is communitarianism –a term

in The Third Way and beyond
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political science approach which looks at party systems, organisations, political institutions or elections; but it is also not simply an analysis of ideas or policy, although these are discussed. The book includes contributions from people who work and research in departments of business studies, government and politics, sociology, social policy, and social and political thought

in The Third Way and beyond

inclusive love of ‘our’ liberty. Similarly, Jürgen Habermas argues in favour of ‘constitutional patriotism’, which is based on his sophisticated sociological theory, as presented in his two-volume The Theory of Communicative Action . 26 Habermas argues that, over time, social discourses become progressively more rational through the ‘unforced force’ of the better argument. Societal action rationalises as a result of open discourse

in Political concepts
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, psychiatric and criminological science as well as sociology, is likewise vanishing. Since agents are no longer seen as treatable transformable entities, their normalisation ceases to be the pivot of social control policies. The paradigm of these policies has changed: intervention in the space for action has emerged as the main strategy for preventing crime. Social control has been made independent of individuals and is associated

in Political concepts
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: Essays in Sociology , eds H. Gerth and C. Wright Mills (London, Routledge, 1991), pp. 147–9. 6 T. Hobbes, Leviathan , ed. R.Tuck (Cambridge, Cambridge University Press, 1991), pp. 35–6. 7 Hobbes, Leviathan , p. 47. 8

in Political concepts