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design policies which strengthen that relationship, then the non-conjunction of antipoverty and pro-environment strategies may eventually fade to insignificance. However, in order to design such policies, we first need to understand when poverty reduction might be allowed to trump sustainability and vice versa. Of course, much will ultimately depend upon the particular circumstances within which such judgements are made, yet Dobson is wrong to believe that this is always a matter of empirical determination. In other words, we can devise general rules which allow such

in After the new social democracy
How to make sense of responses to environmental problems

that environmental reform can no longer be viewed exclusively in apocalyptic terms” (Mol, 2003 : 53). To be sure, there are success stories pertaining to sustainability and EM. The concrete manifestations of sustainability range from bike paths to carbon reduction strategies to increased use of renewable energy sources and beyond (see Krueger and Gibbs, 2007 : 6). As we will describe in upcoming chapters, the arrival of IPM in agriculture – and, as we will show, golf course management – has been

in The greening of golf

TZP6 4/25/2005 4:53 PM Page 110 6 A model of ecowelfare Post-productivism is therefore opposed to the social dominance of waged work, as this involves neglecting the reproductive value of emotional and ecological labour. As such, productivism has begun to reach the limits of itself because of its increasing inability to reproduce its own conditions. Like a dying star, productivism survives by consuming the waste that it has produced, it absorbs the consequences of too little care and too little sustainability by attempting to convert them into further

in After the new social democracy
Open Access (free)

therefore argue that no economic system is fully capable of preserving the environment: it is certainly necessary to ‘Green’ the economy, but even a Green economy could not perform all of the work of sustainability that needs to be done. For this, a wider conception of social activity and participation is required. In short, sustainable work takes us beyond the employment society in order to preserve the intrinsic essence of ecological value. These counterpoints resemble each other in that both are concerned with the emotional and ecological conditions of economic value

in After the new social democracy

Commission, which led in turn to DEFRA’s Strategy for Sustainable Farming and Food chap 5 13/8/04 4:22 pm Page 109 Food agencies as an institutional response 109 (2002) laying out a reordering of policy. At the EU level the hitherto largely autonomous agricultural policy process, as enshrined in the Common Agricultural Policy (CAP), is also evolving through a long and ongoing period of policy adaptation. The signalled intention of the next phase of CAP reform is to shift supports more substantially away from production subsidies to the (largely non-production) rural

in Qualities of food

membership of environmental groups in Ireland is among the lowest of European countries. Also, the Irish government itself was late to recognise the importance of environmental sustainability, in part through an incorporation of EU regulations and programmes focused on the environment (Coyle 1994; Tovey, Share, and Corcoran 2007). These observations provide a partial explanation for the discernible dichotomy between ‘community’ and ‘environmental’ development in Ireland. Although the country has a strong tradition of community activism against the activities of potential

in Alternative countrysides
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Some key issues in understanding its competitive production and regulation

associated with retailer-led food governance. This competitive dialectic, played out in EU member states like the UK, is in part centred on the battleground of ‘quality’. Short-circuiting for quality: the morphology and dynamics of SFSCs Throughout Europe new rural development practices are emerging which could represent important building-blocks for new ways to sustain farming and food production. These can be seen as counter-movements, in the sense that they are constructing and articulating new strategies which confront the chap 6 13/8/04 4:23 pm Theorising food

in Qualities of food

language of the elite is privileged, where the mass of people do not understand it and thereby have their inferiority or cultural subordination cultivated and sustained. Failure to understand in this instance is as important as ability to understand in the other. In each case, others beyond the speaker, who can be assumed to hear either directly or indirectly, are necessary. Because language has a special place as a component of identity, its denial can be the occasion for the most resolute and violent political action. The

in Cultivating political and public identity
The dualist and complex role of the state in Spanish labour and employment relations in an age of ‘flexibility’

relations and broadened the way in which we seek to evaluate the role of the state across different agendas.1 This approach is important for this chapter because the state in Spain has had a series of competing projects and strategies – not to mention narratives – which have led to a contradictory set of agendas and developments that have increasingly been at odds and in conflict with each other. Hence, we need to understand the way in which the state has developed and responded to competing challenges and issues through its complex and varied institutional make-up. To

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Passion and politics

, since this association of the party is the principal reason voters choose not to vote for the BNP, even if they hold racist points of view themselves. While I would agree with Ashe that an anti-racist ethos and inter-ethnic solidarity are best promoted by sustained, local c­ ommunity-based campaigning and organisations, I am less convinced that ‘condemnation strategies’ are politically effective in more than particular localised and short-term contexts. The disagreement reflects the insights derived from different observational positions of research. From the viewing

in Loud and proud