Search results

You are looking at 1 - 10 of 28 items for :

  • sustainability strategies x
  • Manchester History of Medicine x
Clear All
Coreen Anne McGuire

and would have used an audiometer like this primarily to prescribe hearing aids. However, the instructions accompanying it emphasised its utility to those involved in moderating contested hearing loss and they explained that ‘malingerers feign deafness in various degrees and for various reasons’. 41 Several strategies could be adopted to detect and confound the malingerer, including hiding the front panel from the patient’s view, using the tone interrupter ( Figure 4.1 , bottom right) so that the patient would be unable to remember previous tone intensities, and by

in Measuring difference, numbering normal
The case of the Netherlands
Stuart Blume

rest of the world was doing, reflected the country's high coverage rate and near-success in controlling the disease. 17 Polio vaccine was combined with the existing DPT vaccine in order to avoid the need for an additional visit to the doctor or child health centre, which could have brought down the coverage level. A stronger (‘enhanced’) IPV was developed in order to reduce the number of vaccinations required. Sustaining the national vaccination programme

in The politics of vaccination
Dr Williams’ Pink Pills for Pale People and the hybrid pathways of Chinese modernity
Alice Tsay

and new, local and global, rather than arriving as a fully fledged cultural export from the West. These widely popular pills were marketed in Chinese-language publications in Shanghai from at least 1913 to 1941, and from even earlier in the North China Herald , an English-language newspaper that was also based in the city. While these Shanghainese advertisements employed the cutting-edge strategies of representation of the time, this progressiveness belies other aspects of the Pink Pills story, most notably its sustained reputation as backwards and outdated in the

in Progress and pathology
William Muraskin

polio campaign is an egregious example of the often under-handed process (means) that has generally been employed to save the lives of children (ends). There was and still is a downside when a few inspired but relentless individuals successfully push through global initiatives in which vaccines are not understood as a means to help build a long-term sustainable health system but rather as indispensable weapons for winning dramatic, but short-term, wars

in The politics of vaccination
Open Access (free)
Duncan Wilson

the name of individual and collective health; and strategies for intervention upon patients and populations. They argue that these planes are ‘continually recombining and transforming one another’ and claim that we therefore need to work on a ‘small scale’ in order to detail how and why configurations of biopower differ markedly over time and in different locations.23 When we consider bioethics, history is vital for showing how bioethicists have had a different impact on these various aspects of biopower in specific locations, thanks to the outlook of individuals

in The making of British bioethics
Guerrilla nursing with the Friends Ambulance Unit, 1946–48
Susan Armstrong-Reid

trusted to direct the nursing school:32 it ‘would be a waste of time and the lives of the students’.33 Others, with a more positive view of the Chinese head nurses’ wartime role and questioning the hospital’s future sustainability once the FAU team withdrew,34 warned that Stanley should expect a cool reception. In June 1946, Stanley received a letter explaining why a new head nurse, ‘whose compatibility with the native nurses is a strong point’, was required at Weihwei.35 While Stanley’s value as a peacemaker was recognised, scepticism remained about her administrative

in Colonial caring
The Fowlers and modern brain disorder
Kristine Swenson

were disproportionately subject to the experimentation of laboratory-based medicine that often caused more immediate harm than good to their families. 10 The Fowlers’ phrenology ultimately sustained the essentialist taxonomies from which it promised to liberate its adherents. Their programme of individualistic self-culture was also a means of self-regulation within a normative social code. Phrenology has remained an undercurrent in Western medicine and culture, resurfacing recently in relation to

in Progress and pathology
Open Access (free)
Nursing work and nurses’ space in the Second World War: a gendered construction
Jane Brooks

transport it took time to post new soldiers to these far-­flung war zones. It was therefore critical to success that men already present in these theatres of war were ‘fighting-­fit’.3 The mobility of battles of the Second World War, brought on by ‘technological advances in destructive capabilities’ necessitated a complete transformation of the techniques needed to manage the injuries and illnesses of war.4 The frequency of injuries sustained by modern weaponry and the diseases developed in alien places needed a new type of medical ­service – ­one that was present near

in Negotiating nursing
Open Access (free)
Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Martin D. Moore

incentive payments. 17 As was the case in finance and associated areas of welfare provision, the remaking of relations of trust in medicine built upon a series of scandals, sustained political attacks, and popular critiques of experts and professionals emergent from the 1960s onwards. 18 At the heart of many calls for change in British medicine, however, were medical professionals themselves. 19 In recent years, neither medical scandals nor external criticism of medical care have ceased. Public trust in doctors and healthcare practitioners remains high, but a series of

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine
Mark Jackson

the expense of stable family relationships. 132 Individual and collective, private and public strategies for realising selfhood, sustaining marriages and coping with crises at midlife were interwoven and bounded by political, economic and cultural contingencies. The publication of Elliott Jaques's article in 1965 is often regarded as the moment of conception of the midlife crisis, as if it emerged de novo from Jaques's psychoanalytical practice and biographical study of

in Balancing the self