Open Access (free)
Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel
Robin A. Harper and Hani Zubida

workers rather than making capital investments to modernise conditions or make jobs more appealing to Israelis (Bartram 2004). Over time, employers demanded expansion of the policy to include entry of migrants to care for the elderly and to provide household assistance (i.e. caregiving). Some argue that the policy expansion was also intended to weaken the Palestinian hand in negotiations (Raijman and Kemp 2007). Table 5.1 summarises the number of legal migrant workers in Israel in 2010. The policy to bring in workers is essentially an indenturing programme: Israel

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
The daily work of Erich Muhsfeldt, chief of the crematorium at Majdanek concentration and extermination camp, 1942–44
Elissa Mailänder

of’ in this way from thereon. In 1961 Seitz described this cremation work as follows: I went to the forest about twice with the squad myself. On these occasions 20 Jewish workers were deployed. I estimated that the forest area was about 8 kilometres from Majdanek concentration camp. The cremation site was in the middle of the forest. A grill had been made out of hollowed out railway track. The fuel was the oil already mentioned. At any one time I had four or five members of the SS security force with me to guard the prisoners.37 Over the following months, like his

in Destruction and human remains
Open Access (free)
Finn Stepputat

1 Introduction Finn Stepputat Sovereignty and dead bodies When my wife suddenly died some years ago, our home was soon flooded with paramedics and police officers, including a photographer and a social worker-cum-police officer. I asked the criminal investigator who interviewed me about the circumstances of the death if they could postpone taking my wife’s body to the hospital morgue. A few hours would allow us to say goodbye to her and to try to realise that she was no longer alive. I guess I was inspired by an experience from my youth when I spent time at the

in Governing the dead
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia
Frances Tay

, beneath an obelisk commemorating ‘Penang Overseas Chinese war victims, compatriots and transport workers’.19 Omitted were details of how they had met their fate or the contexts in which they had lost their lives. Instead, the Luguo Bridge Incident of 1937 which had sparked the Second Sino-Japanese War was given prominence. Clearly, this was a memorial to commemorate tongbao – a Chinese term that can be read alternately as ‘compatriot’ or ‘siblings from the same bloodline’.20 In this final resting place, the remains were now transmuted into symbolic representations of

in Human remains and identification
Nataša Gregorič Bon

– migrated to Athens with their children. As they both originate from one of the villages of the Himarë/Himara area and are entitled to the Special Cards for Aliens of Greek Descent, they did not have trouble finding a job there. But despite their Albanian university degrees, Naso and his wife sought jobs as manual workers. Naso, who had been a history and philology teacher, worked in the construction industry, while Frosina, who had been a geography teacher, worked as a cleaning lady. In 2003, when Naso lost his job, he returned to Dhërmi/ Drimades, where he and Frosina

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
Death, landscape and power among the Duha Tuvinians of northern Mongolia
Benedikte Møller Kristensen

an integration as workers in the modern socialist state. On the one hand, this legal acknowledgement changed their traditional livelihood as nomads and hunters fighting for everyday survival in the taiga, turning them into workers in the socialist state with free access to various consumption and consumer goods, medical supplies and education. On the other hand, it implied a transition from a life structured around the flexible rules of their shamanic tradition to the more fixed laws of the Mongolian People’s Republic, where their shamanic beliefs and rituals and

in Governing the dead
Open Access (free)
Pollution, contamination and the neglected dead in post-war Saigon
Christophe Robert

efforts at 60 Christophe Robert maintenance. It is in part because no money can be made directly or visibly in these processes, where tasks and responsibilities cannot easily be parcelled out for immediate or significant profit. These cemeteries fall into zones of unclear sovereignty ruled by customary arrangements. They are run by local crews of graveyard workers who pay off local officials for a free run of the facilities and services. Decay is visible: the graveyards are patches of sandy soil with dried-up clumps of weeds, strewn with litter, garbage bags

in Governing the dead
Élisabeth Anstett

(forest fires, floods, drought) or geological (landslides, soil erosion) in nature; it can also be the result of building works such as road widening, the construction of new buildings, or excavation beneath existing buildings to create car parks. Accidental and unexpected discoveries are just as likely to occur out in the countryside as they are on the outskirts of urban areas or in the middle of cities. Thus, on 4 October 2007, workers on a construction site beneath an old apartment building in the centre of Moscow which was to be converted into a shopping centre

in Human remains and mass violence
Zaira Lofranco

them!’ The more individualistic utilisation of private financial resources appears to be a direct consequence of the situation of displacement across different systems and ways of conceiving of property that in many cases results in tenants opting for inactivity because they are unsure who should do what. This is evident in doubts expressed by Azra, a 50-year-old tenant of Grbavica, who hesitates to clean green spaces around her building because she is not sure if she is in charge of it and wonders if this should be a task for the tenants or for workers paid by the

in Migrating borders and moving times
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe
Carolin Leutloff-Grandits

since at least the 1950s. While before 1960 migrants from Kosovo had travelled primarily to Turkey and Belgrade, in the 1960s they began to migrate to western Europe as so-called Gastarbeiter or guest workers. There, they functioned as an ‘outpost’ of the village household, supplying the family at home with aid in the form of remittances (Reineck 1991; von Aarburg and Gretler 2008). With the rise of ethnic tensions between Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo in the 1980s, and especially with the intensification of this conflict after 1989, economic spurs to migration were

in Migrating borders and moving times