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Borders, ticking clocks and timelessness among temporary labour migrants in Israel

workers rather than making capital investments to modernise conditions or make jobs more appealing to Israelis (Bartram 2004). Over time, employers demanded expansion of the policy to include entry of migrants to care for the elderly and to provide household assistance (i.e. caregiving). Some argue that the policy expansion was also intended to weaken the Palestinian hand in negotiations (Raijman and Kemp 2007). Table 5.1 summarises the number of legal migrant workers in Israel in 2010. The policy to bring in workers is essentially an indenturing programme: Israel

in Migrating borders and moving times
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The daily work of Erich Muhsfeldt, chief of the crematorium at Majdanek concentration and extermination camp, 1942–44

of’ in this way from thereon. In 1961 Seitz described this cremation work as follows: I went to the forest about twice with the squad myself. On these occasions 20 Jewish workers were deployed. I estimated that the forest area was about 8 kilometres from Majdanek concentration camp. The cremation site was in the middle of the forest. A grill had been made out of hollowed out railway track. The fuel was the oil already mentioned. At any one time I had four or five members of the SS security force with me to guard the prisoners.37 Over the following months, like his

in Destruction and human remains
Mass graves in post-war Malaysia

, beneath an obelisk commemorating ‘Penang Overseas Chinese war victims, compatriots and transport workers’.19 Omitted were details of how they had met their fate or the contexts in which they had lost their lives. Instead, the Luguo Bridge Incident of 1937 which had sparked the Second Sino-Japanese War was given prominence. Clearly, this was a memorial to commemorate tongbao – a Chinese term that can be read alternately as ‘compatriot’ or ‘siblings from the same bloodline’.20 In this final resting place, the remains were now transmuted into symbolic representations of

in Human remains and identification

– migrated to Athens with their children. As they both originate from one of the villages of the Himarë/Himara area and are entitled to the Special Cards for Aliens of Greek Descent, they did not have trouble finding a job there. But despite their Albanian university degrees, Naso and his wife sought jobs as manual workers. Naso, who had been a history and philology teacher, worked in the construction industry, while Frosina, who had been a geography teacher, worked as a cleaning lady. In 2003, when Naso lost his job, he returned to Dhërmi/ Drimades, where he and Frosina

in Migrating borders and moving times

(forest fires, floods, drought) or geological (landslides, soil erosion) in nature; it can also be the result of building works such as road widening, the construction of new buildings, or excavation beneath existing buildings to create car parks. Accidental and unexpected discoveries are just as likely to occur out in the countryside as they are on the outskirts of urban areas or in the middle of cities. Thus, on 4 October 2007, workers on a construction site beneath an old apartment building in the centre of Moscow which was to be converted into a shopping centre

in Human remains and mass violence

them!’ The more individualistic utilisation of private financial resources appears to be a direct consequence of the situation of displacement across different systems and ways of conceiving of property that in many cases results in tenants opting for inactivity because they are unsure who should do what. This is evident in doubts expressed by Azra, a 50-year-old tenant of Grbavica, who hesitates to clean green spaces around her building because she is not sure if she is in charge of it and wonders if this should be a task for the tenants or for workers paid by the

in Migrating borders and moving times
Time and space in family migrant networks between Kosovo and western Europe

since at least the 1950s. While before 1960 migrants from Kosovo had travelled primarily to Turkey and Belgrade, in the 1960s they began to migrate to western Europe as so-called Gastarbeiter or guest workers. There, they functioned as an ‘outpost’ of the village household, supplying the family at home with aid in the form of remittances (Reineck 1991; von Aarburg and Gretler 2008). With the rise of ethnic tensions between Serbs and Albanians in Kosovo in the 1980s, and especially with the intensification of this conflict after 1989, economic spurs to migration were

in Migrating borders and moving times
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Deaths at sea and unidentified bodies in Lesbos

associated securitisation, and the humanitarian response of the people of Lesbos, which has paved the way for the emergence of a ‘hybrid’ local discourse. Migrant deaths at sea: theoretical insights The tragedy of migrants killed attempting to reach the labour markets of EU states is a direct result of a neo-liberal globalisation that encourages liberalisation of all markets except that for workers and people. The growing phenomenon of migrants dying in their effort to cross the EU border poses a double paradox to the founding tenets of the EU. Whilst the EU is based on a

in Migrating borders and moving times
Open Access (free)
A war of extermination, grave looting, and culture wars in the American West

from malnutrition, disease, and psychological despair. Between 1850 and 1950, Yurok life expectancy halved.22 A decade of postGold Rush massacres, bounty hunting, indenture and debt peonage, impoverished misery, kidnapping and selling of children as servants, agricultural workers and maids, was followed by concentration in penal colonies or ‘reservations’, and systematic efforts at cultural 18   Tony Platt annihilation by so-called ‘Friends of the Indian’.23 As Richard Pratt told a social work conference in 1892, ‘All the Indian there is in the race should be dead

in Human remains and identification

paved the way for it from the mid-1960s. During that period there was an increase in conflicts over land ownership (sugar-cane workers) and over low salaries and civil rights (labour laws). The first instances of disappeared and murdered political detainees occurred in the early 1970s. Shortly afterwards the armed conflict with Tupamaro guerrillas and the coup itself accentuated the level of violence, which was part of a well-defined political strategy and the overall system of social control.2 84   José López Mazz This study focuses on the complicated problems

in Human remains and identification