David Larsson Heidenblad

breakthrough of knowledge is and how it occurs. Chronologically, this chapter covers December 1967 to mid-October 1968. During this period Hans Palmstierna was constantly on the move. In March, he left the Karolinska Institute for a newly established position at the National Environment Protection Board. That summer, he became head of the Board’s research secretariat. In October – a few weeks after the Social Democrats’ historic victory of 50.1 per cent of the votes in the election for the Second Chamber [ andra kammaren

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden
Jonathan Colman

The period from October 1967 to December 1968 began with the devaluation of sterling and ended with President Johnson retiring from office, and therefore constituted the last phase of the Wilson–Johnson relationship. Sterling began to slide again from October 1967, and to try to extract financial help, Wilson sought to pressurise the White House with immediate, drastic cuts in Britain’s defence

in A ‘special relationship’?
James Baldwin Interviewed by Hakim Jamal for LA Free Press (1968)
Ed Pavlić

Having returned to the United States to work on his screenplay about Malcolm X, James Baldwin was interviewed for the Los Angeles Free Press in 1968. The interview offers a rare and valuable glimpse of Baldwin’s style of engagement with a new generation of radical Black activists whose current vogue Baldwin understood as valuable, whose new appraisal of history Baldwin had both helped to create and needed to learn from, and whose dangerous predicament Baldwin recognized and felt partly responsible for. Ed Pavlić provides a contextual and historical introduction to that interview, which is reproduced here with permission from the Free Press.

James Baldwin Review
James Baldwin’s 1968
Ed Pavlić

This article delves into James Baldwin’s work and experience in the pivotal year 1968. Working with archival materials and granular contexts that are still not a full part of our understanding of Baldwin’s story, this article paints a fuller and more nuanced portrait of Baldwin’s position astraddle cultural cross-currents that were in volatile and often violent relationship to each other and at times to themselves. The “sixties” were ending in flames as Baldwin had forecast at the outset of the decade. Baldwin was based in California, often in transit to New York and London, working in ways that were at once high-profile and underground—to the extent that we’re only now seeing real evidence of some of these conversations. The result is a fuller account of how Baldwin developed and deployed his gifts with risk-taking generosity and intergenerational brilliance during one of the most volatile years of the twentieth century in the United States and beyond.

James Baldwin Review
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

1968 the Nigerian Civil War (1967–70) was transformed into the international media event ‘Biafra’. Biafran secessionists failed at first to get the world’s attention with the language of self-determination. But once the West saw the plight of Biafrans through a ‘humanitarian lens’ the response was overwhelming – involving the largest airlift since WWII. Nothing did more to elicit this response than images of starving ‘Biafran babies’ that saturated the Western media. Those images

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps
,
Lasse Heerten
,
Arua Oko Omaka
,
Kevin O'Sullivan
, and
Bertrand Taithe

Bertrand : I would like to start with a very simple question: why should we care about the history of the Biafran conflict today? Lasse: What I have tried to understand in my work is how the Nigerian civil war became a global issue. Initially of very marginal international interest, the conflict from around summer 1968 on was perceived as the epitome of humanitarian crisis. I wanted to understand how it has become this ‘Biafra’, how

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Negotiated Exceptions at Risk of Manipulation
Maelle L’Homme

, political or military motives. Famous examples from the Second World War include Operation Kindertransport in which Jewish children were evacuated from areas under Nazi rule to the UK, and Operation Pied Piper in which British civilians, mostly children, were relocated from high- to low-risk areas to protect them from aerial bombings. The airlift technique was applied to humanitarian action as early as 1968 in Biafra, to circumvent the blockade imposed on the enclave by the Nigerian army. Considered the world’s largest civilian airlift, with 5,300 flights delivering 60

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

of digital media, in the current offerings of the NFB, and within the later practice of the photographers involved. The Purpose of CIDA Development Education in Schools From its creation in 1968, CIDA engaged the public in multiple ways: by offering financial support to Churches and NGOS who sent young volunteers abroad or visited community associations and schools, by sponsoring the preparation of materials on the developing world for adult education, and by designing partnerships from its ‘NGO program’ especially to create learning centers across the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

evoked above suggests. This insight harks back to Gravel, who in a different era typified court litigation in Rwanda as being hardly contests of rights but ‘rather, contests of power ’ ( Gravel, 1968 : 167). The notion of effectual truth captures the contextual influence of these dynamics at the local level. The Moral Truth Living together again is a practice forged locally and the state can either facilitate or hinder these processes ( Theidon, 2006 : 456). What the modern gacaca , with its prosecutorial logic, did not easily facilitate was a process of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Arjun Claire

» (1968–1970) ’, Le Temps des médias , 1 : 4 , 114 – 26 , doi: 10.3917/tdm.004.0114 . MacPhail , T. ( 2015 ), ‘ Data, Data Everywhere ’, Public Culture , 27 : 2(76) , 213 – 19 , doi: 10.1215/08992363–2841820 . Niland , N

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs