Ulrika Maude

1 Beckett's television plays confound the spectator, not least because of their representational ambiguity, their perplexing affective qualities and the singularity of their poetics. Of the five plays Beckett wrote specifically for television, Ghost Trio , his second teleplay, written in 1975, is considered by most critics to be his finest work for the medium. Filmed by the BBC in October 1976, and by Süddeutscher Rundfunk (SDR) the following year, it opens with V, the female voice, describing the set as ‘grey’ in its

in Beckett and media
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Black Women as Surrogates of Liberation in James Baldwin’s If Beale Street Could Talk
Marquita R. Smith

This essay analyzes how James Baldwin’s late novel If Beale Street Could Talk represents Black women’s care work in the face of social death as an example of how Black women act as surrogates for Black liberation giving birth to a new world and possibilities of freedom for Black (male) people. Within the politics of Black nationalism, Black women were affective workers playing a vital role in the (re)creation of heteronormative family structures that formed the basis of Black liberation cohered by a belief in the power of patriarchy to make way for communal freedom. This essay demonstrates how Beale Street’s imagining of freedom centers not on what Black women do to support themselves or each other, but on the needs of the community at large, with embodied sacrifice as a presumed condition of such liberation.

James Baldwin Review
A Session at the 2019 Modern Language Association Convention
Robert Jackson, Sharon P. Holland, and Shawn Salvant

“Interventions” was the organizing term for the presentations of three Baldwin scholars at the Modern Language Association Convention in Chicago in January of 2019. Baldwin’s travels and activities in spaces not traditionally associated with him, including the U.S. South and West, represent interventions of a quite literal type, while his aesthetic and critical encounters with these and other cultures, including twenty-first-century contexts of racial, and racist, affect—as in the case of Raoul Peck’s 2016 film I Am Not Your Negro—provide opportunities to reconsider his work as it contributes to new thinking about race, space, property, citizenship, and aesthetics.

James Baldwin Review
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

of the twentieth century, all participated in forming injunctions to care about and react to the injustice exposed. Drawing from recent scholarship building on emotions and humanitarianism, this paper thus considers early humanitarian films as a form of ‘mediated humanitarian affect’; by the 1920s, this media technology offered a new ‘scale of mediated communication, sensorial range of human experience, and capaciousness of moral attention’ ( Ross, 2020 : 169). The movies not only proposed ‘inducements to affective expression’ (175) but were the key component of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

health and provide a comprehensive strategy to promote mental health’ ( DfID, 2020 : 12). DfID could also have provided useful clear and concrete examples of well-being promotion. The ToC’s fifth and final critical change pathway is the prioritisation of mental health and psychosocial support (MHPSS) in fragile and conflict-affected situations (FCAS), where mental conditions affect an estimated 22 per cent of the population at any one time ( Charlson et al. , 2019

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Negotiated Exceptions at Risk of Manipulation
Maelle L’Homme

In the absence of a normative framework, the concept of humanitarian corridors lacks a consistent definition and is highly vulnerable to political interpretation. The notion underwent multiple semantic shifts, from referring to a right of passage in situations of armed conflict, to an appeal to facilitated access in the face of bordure closures or bureaucratic constraints. The diverse range of situations in reference to which the terms ‘humanitarian corridor’, ‘relief corridor’ or ‘access corridor’ are used, often interchangeably, is matched only by the diverse range of actors that use them. Calls for their opening have become so common that corridors seem increasingly considered a relevant modality of humanitarian action despite much ambiguity around what they are expected to achieve, how much protection they offer, and how they are likely to affect the overall dynamic of conflicts. Meant to allow the unobstructed deployment of humanitarian aid and/or the evacuation of civilians, humanitarian corridors are by definition temporary and limited in geographical scope. As such, they are a timid assertion of the principle of free access to victims, prone to manipulation by belligerents or third parties to serve war strategies or to project an image of civility. Looking at the wide array of its application in history, the author puts the use of the concept into perspective, drawing on a variety of examples to illustrate how both the idea and its implementation have been problematic. A few operational recommendations are then derived from this analysis for humanitarian practitioners to consider and adapt in light of their particular context.

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Phoebe Shambaugh

. Both authors have shaped the careers of new generations of humanitarian practitioners, as well as colleagues and communities in the numerous contexts in which they have worked. In this discussion they reflect critically on the process of narrating this identity as it moves between intensely personal, emotional and affective on the one hand and deeply political and value-driven on the other, while also balancing the needs of honesty and the constraints of privacy and risk. At the same time, they provide reflection on one reading of the state of the humanitarian system

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

al. , 2017 ), even showing an increase after the adoption of UN Security Council resolution 2286 condemning those attacks ( UN, 2016 ). The violence that Syria’s health sector has experienced, especially in non-government-held areas, has had profound consequences. Hundreds of healthcare workers and patients have lost their lives, while the indirect effects in terms of trauma and loss of services continue to affect the population long after the attack has occurred ( Fouad

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

Introduction Men experience sexual violence during armed conflict situations, which affects their physical, social and psychological well-being. However, this is under-researched and under-reported ( Vojdik: 2014 : 931), and often misunderstood and mischaracterised ( Kapur and Muddell, 2016 : 4). Consequently, men who experience conflict-related sexual violence (CRSV) have been severely overlooked within the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Lachlan McIver, Maria Guevara, and Gabriel Alcoba

(WHO) recognises approximately twenty Neglected Tropical Diseases (NTDs), so called because they disproportionately affect poor and marginalised populations in tropical regions and do not typically receive the funding and attention necessary for their prevention and control ( WHO, 2021a ; Hotez et al. , 2020 ). In late January 2021, WHO launched its new road map for NTDs for the period 2021–30, with ambitious goals relating to improving access to diagnosis and treatment and reducing the overall

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs