It remains fashionable to refer to the contemporary impetus
for democracy in Africa as the ‘second wave of independence’ or as a major aspect of ‘African renaissance’. Such
terms embody two major meanings: the disastrous failure
of democratization efforts following political independence
in the 1960s; and the umbilical relationship between social
and economic development and democratization, if the latter is ever to take root in an Africa that is mired in poverty.
The view that Africa is ‘trying again’ points not only to
how a paradigm of
This book re-examines the campaign experience of British soldiers in Africa during the period 1874–1902—the zenith of the Victorian imperial expansion—and does so from the perspective of the regimental soldier. The book utilises a number of letters and diaries, written by regimental officers and other ranks, to allow soldiers to speak for themselves about their experience of colonial warfare. The sources demonstrate the adaptability of the British army in fighting in different climates, over demanding terrain and against a diverse array of enemies. They also uncover soldiers' responses to army reforms of the era as well as the response to the introduction of new technologies of war.
Saving the White voters from being ‘utterly swamped’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain
For the first seventy years of the
nineteenth century, British governments had been reluctant to extend
their involvement in South Africa beyond the coastal colonies of the
Cape and Natal. By the 1870s, however, important economic and political
developments in South Africa prompted Britain to act in consolidating
its interests throughout the Southern African region. These developments
Better ‘the Hottentot at the hustings’ than ‘the Hottentot in the wilds with his gun on his shoulder’
Julie Evans, Patricia Grimshaw, David Philips, and Shurlee Swain
conquest and formal cession by treaty; the colonial annexations of Xhosa
land were similarly based on both military conquest and cession by
treaties following the various frontier wars. In South Africa, as
elsewhere in the settler colonies, the nineteenth century was
characterised by the transfer of Indigenous land to Europeans. Although
the process was complex and varied, Indigenous land was eventually
African cities and collaborative futures: Urban platforms and metropolitan
logistics brings together scholars from across the globe to discuss the nature
of African cities – the interactions of residents with infrastructure, energy,
housing, safety and sustainability, seen through local narratives and theories.
This groundbreaking collection, drawing on a variety of fields and extensive
first-hand research, offers a fresh perspective on some of the most pressing
issues confronting urban Africa in the twenty-first century. Each of the
chapters, using case studies from Ethiopia, Kenya, Malawi, Niger, Nigeria, South
Africa and Tanzania, explores how the rapid growth of African cities is
reconfiguring the relationship between urban social life and its built forms.
While the most visible transformations in cities today can be seen as
infrastructural, these manifestations are cultural as well as material,
reflecting the different ways in which the city is rationalised, economised and
governed. How can we ‘see like a city’ in twenty-first-century Africa,
understanding the urban present to shape its future? This is the central
question posed throughout this volume, with a practical focus on how academics,
local decision-makers and international practitioners can work together to
achieve better outcomes.
The history and present of ‘Africa’s World War’
The ‘failure’ of the DRC and the militarisation of peace
peaking in 2010 of the International Security and Stabilisation Support
Strategy (ISSSS) for the DRC, a MONUSCO officer argued that the escalation of violence in the Kivus over the last few years was caused by the DRC
state being ‘inexistent’ (MONUSCO – ISSSS/STAREC liaison officer 2010). For
this MONUSCO representative, some functions of the state did not work properly.
So the task of international actors was to operationalise the state towards
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
During the 2014 West African Ebola epidemic, an estimated US$ 10 billion was spent to
contain the disease in the region and globally. The response brought together
multilateral agencies, bilateral partnerships, private enterprises and foundations,
local governments and communities. Social mobilisation efforts were pivotal
components of the response architecture ( Gillespie et al. , 2016 ; Laverack and Manoncourt, 2015 ; Oxfam International, 2015
in the new South Africa
How we conceptualise future directions of cultural studies depends on
how we have conceptualised the origins and genealogy of that discipline.
In the UK, two stories of origins have emerged, the textual and the sociological. The future theorisation and analysis of South African cultural
studies may follow either story. The textual version is probably dominant within British academia. It locates three texts, Richard Hoggart’s
The Uses of Literacy, E.P. Thompson’s The Making of the
Until the beginning of the twentieth century, in the Kabye country, some heads of enemies – those of men foreign to the group – were buried in a mound of earth referred to as hude, meaning ‘manure’. In each locality, this mound is situated inside a wooded sanctuary where the spirit of the mythical founding ancestor resides. In order to understand this practice, this article examines how it fitted within the overall logic of the male initiation cycle, contextualising it in relation to past and present practices. Because it was a highly ambivalent element of the bush, the head of an enemy renewed the generative power of this original ‘manure’ prodigiously, so as to ensure the group’s survival in their land. The burial of the heads of strangers appears to be an initiatory variant of other forms of mastery of the ambivalence of wild forces, entrusted in other African societies to the chief and his waste heap.
Analysing the linkages and exploring possibilities for improving health and wellbeing
(Herforth and Ahmed, 2015 ; Turner et al., 2017 ).
Understanding the food environments of African cities is important because there are high levels of food insecurity in African cities, driven by high levels of poverty and income variability (Battersby and Watson, 2018 ), and interventions in urban food environments can potentially contribute to improving health outcomes. Food security can be defined as people’s ‘physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy