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Author: Ross M. English

The role of the Congress is essential to any study of American government and politics. It would be impossible to gain a complete understanding of the American system of government without an appreciation of the nature and workings of this essential body. This text looks at the workings of the United States Congress, and uses the Republican period of ascendancy, which lasted from 1994 until 2000, as an example of how the Congress works in practice. The book illustrates the basic principles of Congress using contemporary and recent examples, while also drawing attention to the changes that took place in the 1990s. The period of Republican control is absent from many of the standard texts and is of considerable academic interest for a number of reasons, not least the 1994 election, the budget deadlock in 1995 and the Clinton impeachment scandal of 1999. The book traces the origin and development of the United States Congress, before looking in depth at the role of representatives and senators, the committee system, parties in Congress, and the relationship between Congress and the President, the media and interest groups.

Open Access (free)
Jonathan Colman

close relationship between him and Wilson. The Wilson–Johnson relationship, 1964–68 The release in recent years of British and American government documents has enabled primary research on the Anglo-American relationship under Wilson and Johnson. 84 The growing literature includes Sylvia Ellis’s account of the relationship of the two leaders in the context of the Vietnam War. She argues that ‘no country

in A ‘special relationship’?
Ross M. English

Congress interest groups may find it difficult to persuade Congress to pass new laws, they are far more successful in using their influence to prevent the passage of legislation. While gridlock has on occasions been a feature in modern American Government, the extent of the problem should not be overstated. In recent periods of divided government, pieces of major legislation have been successfully passed, often through compromise between Congress and the presidency. To characterise gridlock as a constant feature of the US political system would be just as erroneous as

in The United States Congress
Open Access (free)
Confronting relativism in Serbia and Croatia
David Bruce MacDonald

Western academics co-opted into the debate over which nations truly were victims of genocide. On the Serbian side, a good example of this is to be found in the writings of the New York-based lecturer Barry Lituchy. Lituchy published numerous articles in the United States, and on Serbian government websites, describing the American government as ‘the most genocidal nation on earth’. He also argued that the Americans were the ‘Nazis of the New World Order’, among a plethora of other accusations.38 Lituchy emerged from the relative obscurity of a Staten Island community

in Balkan holocausts?
Jaewoo Choo

dissolution of the Soviet Union. But as the gap between the demand and domestic supply of oil widened in both countries, the oil-producing states of Central Asia took on a new significance. Both the Chinese and American governments have sought privileged access to this region for their national oil firms.3 Sino-American competition in this region began in earnest in 1994.4 China seemed to be better positioned initially, owing to successive annual summit meetings with the regional oil-producing states – Russia, Kazakhstan, Kyrgyzstan and Tajikistan. These meetings resulted

in Limiting institutions?
Open Access (free)
R. A. Melikan

, he examines its particular legal and non-legal features. By highlighting the conduct of the lawyers and judges involved, the signals sent from the British and American governments in London and Washington, and the influence exerted by the effective government in Japan, General Douglas MacArthur, Lowe illustrates the range of extra-legal difficulties that plagued the proceedings. These included friction within the Anglo-American prosecution team and questionable competence among the panel of Allied judges. Allied and Japanese public opinion played a significant role

in Domestic and international trials, 1700–2000
Christopher K. Colley and Sumit Gunguly

chief minister of the state. However, the American position began to change in late 2013 and early 2014 as it became increasingly likely that Modi would be India’s next leader. In February 2014, the American government ended its visa ban on Modi and shortly thereafter he became India’s prime minister in May. Importantly, Obama was determined to keep Indo-UN relations on stable ground, and personally contacted Modi on the phone after his election victory. 19 While Modi’s visa ban meant that he lacked strong ties with Washington, his September 2014 visit went

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Thomas Docherty

or development. This, of course, is the poverty of that view of ‘education’ prevailing among European and American governments (however ‘young’ or ‘modern’ they may purport to be). Education is seen simply as the acquisition of a transferable skill, preparation of the individual for the taking of her or his place in an uncritical workforce; and, in such a state of affairs, the idea that an aesthetic education might have a value that is ‘spiritual’ or ‘occasional’ in Benjamin’s terms, is simply anathema: aesthetics have value for our elders only to the extent that

in The new aestheticism
Open Access (free)
David Bruce MacDonald

16/10/02 8:02 am Page 5 Introduction $55 million in aid from the American government.8 These groups have a direct line to governments around the world, contributing to agenda setting. They help to define who is a victim and how victimised they are. They also wield considerable power in determining the identity of aggressors, even if, as in the case of Rwanda, there is little international will to carry out their recommendations. Generally, we live in a world where victims are now the subject of pity and financial assistance, not scorn. While these are compelling

in Balkan holocausts?
Open Access (free)
Ross M. English

a resident of the state they are hoping to represent. So how does a US citizen improve their chances of being elected to Congress? Be the Democrat or Republican nominee While parties in the United States are less dominant than their counterparts in Western Europe, they still play a fundamental role in American Government. In the modern era nearly all candidates elected to Congress have been the nominee of either the Democrat or Republican Party. Since 1955, only five candidates have been elected to the House or Senate without the nomination of one of the two main

in The United States Congress