Open Access (free)
Local Understandings of Resilience after Typhoon Haiyan in Tacloban City, Philippines
Ara Joy Pacoma
,
Yvonne Su
, and
Angelie Genotiva

Introduction The Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change’s (IPCC) sixth assessment report confirmed that climate change is already affecting every region on earth and the changes are expected to be widespread, rapid and intensifying ( IPCC, 2021 ). For the Asia Pacific region, climate change is predicted to increase the intensity and frequency of disasters ( UNESCAP, 2017 ). The Philippines, ranked as the third most disaster-prone country in the world, regularly experiences hazards such as typhoons, earthquakes and volcanic eruptions ( CFE-DM, 2018 ). The

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean
and
Michaël Neuman

Constable , P. ( 2019 ), ‘ Pakistan Had All but Eliminated Polio. Then Things Went Badly Wrong ’, Washington Post , 10 May , www.washingtonpost.com/world/asia_pacific/pakistan-had-all-but-eliminated-polio-then-things-went-badly-wrong/2019/05/10/87f328e8-711c-11e9-9331-30bc5836f48e_story.html (accessed 10 November 2021

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet
,
Sarah Chynoweth
,
Sarah Martin
,
Chen Reis
,
Henri Myrttinen
,
Philipp Schulz
,
Lewis Turner
, and
David Duriesmith

victimisation of adult men are currently unavailable, although one cross-sectional study found that, across six countries in the Asia Pacific, the prevalence of rape of men by men ranged from 1.5 per cent to 7.7 per cent ( Jewkes et al. , 2013 ). During armed conflict, social and structural protections break down and vulnerability to sexual violence – including by family and community members – increases. Yet men and boys, like women and girls ( Stark et al. , 2017 ), may

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks
and
Rob Grace

primarily from a set of extensive semi-structured interviews conducted with 118 individuals with a broad scope of professional experience in the humanitarian sector. The interviewee pool includes practitioners with substantial field experience working for United Nations (UN) agencies; international and national non-governmental organisations (NGOs); the Red Cross/Red Crescent Movement; and professional fora and associations in the humanitarian sector. Interviewees discussed humanitarian operations undertaken around the globe: in Africa, the Middle East, the Asia/Pacific

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Obama’s Legacy and the Trump Transition

This edited volume explores the political, economic and security legacies former US President Barack Obama leaves across Asia and the Pacific, following two terms in office between 2009 and 2017. The aim is to advance our understanding of Obama’s style, influence and impact by interrogating the nature and contours of US engagement throughout the region, and the footprint he leaves behind. Moreover, it is to inform upon the endurance of, and prospects for, the legacies Obama leaves in a region increasingly reimaged in Washington as the Indo-Pacific. Contributors to the volume examine these questions in early 2019, at around the halfway point of the 2017–2021 Presidency of Donald Trump, as his administration opens a new and potentially divergent chapter of American internationalism. The volume uniquely explores the contours and dimensions of US relations and interactions with key Indo-Pacific states including China, India, Japan, North Korea and Australia; multilateral institutions and organisations such the East Asia Summit and ASEAN; and salient issue areas such as regional security, politics and diplomacy, and the economy. It does so with contributions from high-profile scholars and policy practitioners, including Michael Mastanduno, Bruce Cumings, Maryanne Kelton, Robert Sutter and Sumit Ganguly. The volume will be of interest to students and scholars of the international relations of Asia and the Pacific, broadly defined; US foreign policy and global engagement; the record and legacies of former President Barack Obama; and the foreign policies of the administration of President Donald Trump.

Obama, Trump and the Asia Pacific political economy
Michael Mastanduno

transitions are neither simple nor straightforward, and in its first two years the Trump administration struggled to articulate and carry out a coherent grand strategy. Whether it can develop and implement an alternative to hegemony remains to be seen. But it has taken the initial steps to reframe the US strategic debate from its post-Cold War emphasis on means – how best to pursue hegemony – to ends – whether to pursue hegemony at all. This chapter focuses on the transition from Presidents Obama to Trump with emphasis on the political economy of the Asia Pacific

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Oliver Turner

consistently pursued a position of imperial hegemony throughout the Asia Pacific (rather than the wider Indo-Pacific, about which this volume in toto is concerned). The next section argues that, in this pursuit, the United States has sought to construct an American Pacific framed by the perceived civilisational values and physical authority of the American self. The formations of this American Pacific are traced from the earliest periods of US expansionism, showing how it has always been seen as an extension of US territory and identity. The chapter then turns to the 2009

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Atul Bhardwaj

Introduction The return of the United States to the Indo-Pacific is one of the most significant elements of former President Barack Obama’s foreign policy legacy. He ordered a bold alteration of course, in the midst of an economic storm, to save the crumbling maritime empire against continental China’s advancing influence. As will be shown, this occurred as part of Obama’s efforts to rejuvenate the United States’ Asia Pacific presence, a strategy his successor Donald Trump built on throughout the relabelled Indo-Pacific. Even so, the United States has long

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Washington’s painful search for a credible China policy
Börje Ljunggren

what Obama tried to achieve, and their worldviews could hardly be more different. As president, Obama had to cope with the ongoing, seemingly inescapable US–Chinese power shift. Across the first two years of the Trump administration, to early 2019, the relationship developed more in the direction of a global rivalry, with the potential to define both his and future presidencies. Obama’s Asia Pacific vision: Engagement and Pivot Cooperation amidst global challenges: Obama’s early ambitions Less than a year after assuming office in January 2009, Obama made a

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Jurgette Honculada
and
Rosalinda Pineda Ofreneo

matter how minimal, would be better than vague rhetoric about an ‘amorphous thing’ called a Gender and Development (GAD) budget devoid of clear and attainable targets. The NCRFW and global feminism The GO–NGO partnership proved a winning combination in three major undertakings during Ramos’ term: the United Nations Fourth World Conference on Women in Beijing, the Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation Forum (APEC) and the Social Reform Agenda. The NCRFW was at the forefront of three years of preparations of Philippine GO and NGO women for the global women’s conference and

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?