Open Access (free)
An actor-network theory perspective

In today’s world, we are offered a constantly expanding number of technologies to integrate into our lives. We now utilise a range of interconnected technologies at work, at home and at leisure. The realm of sport is no exception, where new technologies or enhancements are available to athletes, coaches, scientists, umpires, governing bodies and broadcasters. However, this book argues that in a world where time has become a precious commodity and numerous options are always on offer, functionality is no longer enough to drive their usage within elite sports training, competition and broadcasting. Consistent with an actor-network theory approach as developed by Bruno Latour, John Law, Michele Callon and Annemarie Mol, the book shows how those involved in sport must grapple with a unique set of understandings and connections in order to determine the best combination of technologies and other factors to serve their particular purpose. This book uses a case study approach to demonstrate how there are multiple explanations and factors at play in the use of technology that cannot be reduced to singular explanations like performance enhancement or commercialisation. Specific cases examined include doping, swimsuits, GPS units, Hawk-Eye and kayaks, along with broader areas such as the use of sports scientists in training and the integration of new enhancements in broadcasting. In all cases, the book demonstrates how multiple actors can affect the use or non-use of technology.

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

disconnections. The overlap here with neoliberalism’s necessarily ignorant subject is returned to below. Importantly, the pure factuality of a post-humanist existence casts doubts on the distinction between a lived reality and a wider world, a distinction that is central to knowledge and the narrative of history. Without this separation there is no space, as it were, for a political commons of contrasting life-chances, contestation and critique that is essential if we are to successfully share the world with Others. In its absence, as Bruno Latour

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Old things with new things to say

something not yet dead, not yet still, not yet silent, not yet past, and this sense makes us talk –​ makes us want to talk –​with Anglo-​Saxon things. Notes 1 Some of these practices were discussed and debated in the two panels on ‘Slow Scholarship in the Digital Age’ at the Leeds International Medieval Congress, 2014. I am grateful to Catherine Karkov for organising these panels and inviting me to participate. 2 Maggie Berg and Barbara K. Seeber, The Slow Professor (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016), p. 11. 3 Bruno Latour describes the process of ‘slowciology

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Open Access (free)
Clusters of knowledge

Introduction: clusters of knowledge Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard This edited volume is the first to apply scientific network theories to the history of archaeology. As an innovative approach to historiography it takes its place amongst recent studies that have transformed the discipline. Using theories including those of Ludwik Fleck, David Livingstone, Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, the authors of the following chapters have taken an unprecedented approach to their subjects: rather than looking at individuals and groups biographically or institutionally

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck’s concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology

’s objectives include a retooling of Fleck with corresponding and supporting theoretical sources so as to be able to solidify his theories into an applicable methodological strategy. This chapter draws on thought-style and (social) network analysis from the actor-network theory (ANT) of Bruno Latour to supplement Fleck in this regard. Because Latour relies on social and natural worlds existing within constantly shifting networks of relationship, the theory can complement the representation of communication between scholars reflecting real-world changes in flux. While ANT does

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Art and the temporalities of geomedia

; Holmes, 2004; Tuters and Varnelis, 2006; Tuters, 2012).   5 Derrida’s ideas about ‘originary technicity’ are returned to and developed throughout his oeuvre. Arthur Bradley (2011) has produced a useful, chapter-length review of them in his book on the concept.   6 Fujihata’s GPS projects are documented at www.field-works.net/ (accessed 30 November 2017).   7 I am strongly influenced here by Bruno Latour’s work on the ‘metrological chains’ through which spacing and timing regimes are produced (Latour, 1997).   8 Denis Cosgrove has identified the ‘whole earth’ as one

in Time for mapping

1 Throughout the chapter we use the terminology of ‘agent’ and ‘actor’ as stylistic variations. However, we also acknowledge the point made by Bruno Latour ( 1999 ) that the terminology of ‘actorness’ has been traditionally associated with human activity; Latour thus proposes an alternative term of ‘actancy’ to include both human and other

in Recognition and Global Politics
Open Access (free)
On Anglo-Saxon things

as 7 Introduction: On Anglo-Saxon things 7 humans, but an awareness of the thing-​as-​assembly reveals that all things depend on other things along chains of interdependence in which many other actors are involved.27 Of course, this approach owes a debt to the philosopher of science Bruno Latour, who imagined a Parliament of Things in which silent objects speak, in which passive matter exerts power; an assembly in which participants rediscover their connectedness to nature by acting out the voices of other beings.28 If the word ‘thing’ carries such weight in

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Sustaining literature

have significant impact on the ways in which ‘we’ manage our future, perhaps it is not literary know-how, expertise and cognitive expansion (and certainly not the environmental humanities) that we ought to embrace in order to sustain ourselves. What I would suggest, perhaps counter-intuitively, is the importance of thinking in terms of a deconstructive or material sublime. As Bruno Latour (2011) has noted, there was a time when Nature performed the role of the inconceivably infinite and therefore sublime force, against which the inconstancy of human life and history

in Literature and sustainability
How to make sense of responses to environmental problems

more ‘character’ to consider, however, in the fostering of consent: the environment itself. This may seem a curious inclusion. Yet authors such as Paul Robbins ( 2007 ) go a step beyond those who have used concepts like hegemony to describe how it is that practices such as the use of potentially harmful chemicals on golf courses are taken for granted by suggesting that non-humans can at times serve as ‘active agents’. Here Robbins is drawing jointly on the writings of Bruno Latour and Louis Althusser in arguing

in The greening of golf