Open Access (free)
An actor-network theory perspective
Author: Roslyn Kerr

In today’s world, we are offered a constantly expanding number of technologies to integrate into our lives. We now utilise a range of interconnected technologies at work, at home and at leisure. The realm of sport is no exception, where new technologies or enhancements are available to athletes, coaches, scientists, umpires, governing bodies and broadcasters. However, this book argues that in a world where time has become a precious commodity and numerous options are always on offer, functionality is no longer enough to drive their usage within elite sports training, competition and broadcasting. Consistent with an actor-network theory approach as developed by Bruno Latour, John Law, Michele Callon and Annemarie Mol, the book shows how those involved in sport must grapple with a unique set of understandings and connections in order to determine the best combination of technologies and other factors to serve their particular purpose. This book uses a case study approach to demonstrate how there are multiple explanations and factors at play in the use of technology that cannot be reduced to singular explanations like performance enhancement or commercialisation. Specific cases examined include doping, swimsuits, GPS units, Hawk-Eye and kayaks, along with broader areas such as the use of sports scientists in training and the integration of new enhancements in broadcasting. In all cases, the book demonstrates how multiple actors can affect the use or non-use of technology.

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

. In its absence, as Bruno Latour approvingly argues, the whole becomes smaller than the sum of its parts ( Latour et al. , 2012 ). Rather than a shared world of circulation, we have the endless personalised and separate worlds of connectivity. Post-humanism problematises the possibility of a shared or collective politics. Indeed, Latour ( Latour, 2008 ) goes further in suggesting that design has now replaced politics. Building on his earlier rejection of grand narratives and critique ( Latour, 2004 ), Latour claims that since

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement
Author: Simon Parry

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.

Open Access (free)
Old things with new things to say
James Paz

something not yet dead, not yet still, not yet silent, not yet past, and this sense makes us talk –​ makes us want to talk –​with Anglo-​Saxon things. Notes 1 Some of these practices were discussed and debated in the two panels on ‘Slow Scholarship in the Digital Age’ at the Leeds International Medieval Congress, 2014. I am grateful to Catherine Karkov for organising these panels and inviting me to participate. 2 Maggie Berg and Barbara K. Seeber, The Slow Professor (Toronto: University of Toronto Press, 2016), p. 11. 3 Bruno Latour describes the process of ‘slowciology

in Nonhuman voices in Anglo-Saxon literature and material culture
Open Access (free)
Clusters of knowledge
Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard

Introduction: clusters of knowledge Julia Roberts and Kathleen Sheppard This edited volume is the first to apply scientific network theories to the history of archaeology. As an innovative approach to historiography it takes its place amongst recent studies that have transformed the discipline. Using theories including those of Ludwik Fleck, David Livingstone, Michel Callon and Bruno Latour, the authors of the following chapters have taken an unprecedented approach to their subjects: rather than looking at individuals and groups biographically or institutionally

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Open Access (free)
Convergence, emergence and divergence
Simon Parry

trajectory located in the work of scholars in science studies, notably Isabelle Stengers and Bruno Latour, and also in the work of the US queer theorist Eve Kosofsky Sedgwick. Sedgwick argued for a practice of ‘reparative reading’ to replace or at least counter-balance what she called ‘paranoid reading’. As important as demystification might be both in terms of the social and physical substrates of matter, being in such a demystified state does not inherently enable ethical action or the production of a just social order. As Sedgwick admits, it may seem like a common

in Science in performance
Open Access (free)
Utopia
Graeme Kirkpatrick

multiple possibilities, each to be assessed through a utopian , future-facing calculation of their likely world impact. The ethics of democratic technical politics, then, start with a dialogue between people and things, with a renewed emphasis on responsibility as the basis of autonomy, rather than faith in the possibility of ultimate reconciliation. Utopianism here serves as a methodology for thinking the future, rather than a blueprint for utopia. In this context, there is something to Bruno Latour’s repudiation of critical theory from which Feenberg’s theory might

in Technical politics
Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

Re-thinking Ludwik Fleck’s concept of the thought-collective according to the case of Serbian archaeology
Monika Milosavljević

’s objectives include a retooling of Fleck with corresponding and supporting theoretical sources so as to be able to solidify his theories into an applicable methodological strategy. This chapter draws on thought-style and (social) network analysis from the actor-network theory (ANT) of Bruno Latour to supplement Fleck in this regard. Because Latour relies on social and natural worlds existing within constantly shifting networks of relationship, the theory can complement the representation of communication between scholars reflecting real-world changes in flux. While ANT does

in Communities and knowledge production in archaeology
Constructing environmental (in)justice
Anneleen Kenis

not search for the facts anymore. As Bruno Latour (2004, 231) famously argues in his response to the reproach that his theory of deconstructionism would have played in the hands of post-­truth ideologues: “The question was never to get away from facts but closer to them.”9 Notes 1 This largely invisible character of air pollution could explain why air, in contrast to more tangible socio-­ecological predicaments like food, water, or parks, remains a blind spot within the field of urban political ecology which typically deals with such issues (Véron 2006; Buzzelli

in Toxic truths