Open Access (free)
Deaths and politicised deaths in Buenos Aires’s refuse
Mariano D. Perelman

The appearance of corpses in rubbish tips is not a recent phenomenon. In Argentina, tips have served not only as sites for the disposal of bodies but also as murder scenes. Many of these other bodies found in such places belong to individuals who have suffered violent deaths, which go on to become public issues, or else are ‘politicised deaths’. Focusing on two cases that have received differing degrees of social, political and media attention – Diego Duarte, a 15-year-old boy from a poor background who went waste-picking on an open dump and never came back, and Ángeles Rawson, a girl of 16 murdered in the middle-class neighbourhood of Colegiales, whose body was found in the same tip – this article deals with the social meanings of bodies that appear in landfills. In each case, there followed a series of events that placed a certain construction on the death – and, more importantly, the life – of the victim. Corpses, once recognised, become people, and through this process they are given new life. It is my contention that bodies in rubbish tips express – and configure – not only the limits of the social but also, in some cases, the limits of the human itself.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Cardboard publishers in Latin America
Lucy Bell

4 Recycling materials, recycling lives: cardboard publishers in Latin America Lucy Bell Latin American editoriales cartoneras are small, independent publishers that make their books by hand out of recycled cardboard and aim to sell them at prices lower than those of large publishing houses. This cultural movement first began in Buenos Aires in the wake of the 2001 economic crisis, during which unemployment rates soared and people had a home one week but were homeless the next. One of the most visible impacts of the deep recession was the appearance of thousands

in Literature and sustainability
Towards atypology of the treatment of corpses of ‘disappeared detainees’ in Argentinafrom 1975 to 1983
Mario Ranalletti

beginning of 1983, the mayor of the town of Avellaneda (to the south of Buenos Aires city) initiated an administrative inquiry to establish whether clan­destine burials had been made in the municipal cemetery. This investigation established that, from May 1976, the number of bodies buried as ‘unidentified’ grew exponentially, and identified a notable characteristic relating to them: the majority of bodies labelled as ‘unidentified’ were those of young people – the aver­age age was twenty-five years – who had died from gunshot wounds. This contradicted historical trends

in Destruction and human remains
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
Sévane Garibian

desaparición puede ser entendida como el enmascaramiento, el disimulo de una muerte’. Extract from C. Reato, Disposición final: HRMV.indb 51 01/09/2014 17:28:35 52  Sévane Garibian la confesión de Videla sobre los desaparecidos (Buenos Aires: Editorial Sud­a mericana, 2012).  6 ‘le déni de la reconnaissance de la privation de liberté ou de la dissimu­ lation du sort réservé à la personne disparue…, la soustrayant à la protection de la loi’. Article 2 of the International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance (adopted 20 December 2006

in Human remains and mass violence
The violent pursuit of cultural sovereignty during authoritarian rule in Argentina
Antonius C.G.M. Robben

military took charge of 144 Antonius C. G. M. Robben the country. On the morning of 18 October 1977, she was at the Acoyte subway station in Buenos Aires, and about to board the train when a man crossed in front of her and said: ‘Federal Police, you have to accompany me.’ She threw herself on the platform, began to scream and tried to bring the cyanide capsule she had taken from her shirt pocket to her mouth when three men belonging to a naval task group launched themselves at her. The cyanide capsule fell from her hand, and she was unable to reach the other capsules

in Governing the dead
José López Mazz

not long before had been forced inland.7 In 1686 the Indian Lorenzo Tiembla Tierra (Lorenzo EarthShaker), who led a revolt against the Spaniards of the village of Santo Domingo de Soriano, was tried and executed in a way intended to serve as an example to others.8 His body was dismembered and his head, arms, legs, and torso were displayed at the different routes that led to the city of Buenos Aires.9 During the war with Paraguay in the second half of the nineteenth century thousands of African slaves were sent to front-line battalions. The Balkanization of the

in Human remains and identification
Author: Sara De Vido

The book explores the relationship between violence against women on one hand, and the rights to health and reproductive health on the other. It argues that violation of the right to health is a consequence of violence, and that (state) health policies might be a cause of – or create the conditions for – violence against women. It significantly contributes to feminist and international human rights legal scholarship by conceptualising a new ground-breaking idea, violence against women’s health (VAWH), using the Hippocratic paradigm as the backbone of the analysis. The two dimensions of violence at the core of the book – the horizontal, ‘interpersonal’ dimension and the vertical ‘state policies’ dimension – are investigated through around 70 decisions of domestic, regional and international judicial or quasi-judicial bodies (the anamnesis). The concept of VAWH, drawn from the anamnesis, enriches the traditional concept of violence against women with a human rights-based approach to autonomy and a reflection on the pervasiveness of patterns of discrimination (diagnosis). VAWH as theorised in the book allows the reconceptualisation of states’ obligations in an innovative way, by identifying for both dimensions obligations of result, due diligence obligations, and obligations to progressively take steps (treatment). The book eventually asks whether it is not international law itself that is the ultimate cause of VAWH (prognosis).

Arantza Gomez Arana

highlighted by the director of the European Commission on Latin America (El País 25/11/2009). On the other side of the Atlantic, this was also observed when an MEP claimed: ‘if with the Spanish presidency there is not progress with Latin America, forget about it’ (Clarin 2/1/2010). The sub-secretariat of economic integration in Mercosur, Eduardo Sigal, admitted that the Spanish presidency and the role of Spain was one of the key factors in terms of improving this relationship (Clarin 7/3/2010). Moreover, the Spanish vice-president at that time went to Buenos Aires to

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur:
Open Access (free)
How grave robbers, activists, and foreigners ended official silence about Stalin’s mass graves near Kiev
Karel C. Berkhoff

most of P[etro] Oliinyk, ‘Z ridnykh zemel’. S”ohodnishnii Kyïv’, Ukraïns’kyi vistnyk (Berlin), no. 34, 2 November 1941. Interview with Kukovenko; see also Bazhan, Pam”iat’ Bykivni, p. 49. Interview with Nikitina. Bazhan, Pam”iat’ Bykivni, p. 48. L. Forostivs’kyi, ‘Slidamy mychenytstva Ukraïny: “Khutir Bykovnia” ta “Babyn Iar” u Kyievi’, Svoboda, 179, 4 August (1950), 2–3; also in L. Forostivs’kyi, Kyïv pid vorozhymy okupatsiiamy (Buenos Aires: Vydavnytsvo Mykola Denysiuka, 1952), pp. 75–8. Bazhan, Pam”iat’ Bykivni, pp. 48–9, 51–2. Ibid., pp. 66, 71; Lysenko, Bykivnia

in Human remains and identification
Arantza Gomez Arana

offer on agriculture which would allow Table 6.1  Timeline of EU–Mercosur meetings and the evolution of the WTO EU–Mercosur meeting WTO Content of meeting First meeting, Buenos Aires, April 2000 Seattle, 1999 Political dialogue: very broad and ambiguous during the discussions. Second meeting, Brussels, June 2000 Political dialogue: agreement reached for an exchange of texts in relation to the third meeting. Cooperation: meetings of the different groups and discussions but nothing specific was agreed. Trade: exchange of information and the setting of some

in The European Union's policy towards Mercosur: