The Great War still haunts us. This book draws together examples of the ‘aesthetic pacifism’ practised during the Great War by such celebrated individuals as Virginia Woolf, Siegfried Sassoon and Bertrand Russell. It also tells the stories of those less well known who shared the attitudes of the Bloomsbury Group when it came to facing the first ‘total war’. The five-year research for this study gathered evidence from all the major archives in Great Britain and abroad in order to paint a complete picture of this unique form of anti-war expression. The narrative begins with the Great War's effect on philosopher-pacifist Bertrand Russell and Cambridge University.
James Baldwin, William F. Buckley,
Jr., and the 1965 Cambridge Debate
Daniel Robert McClure
The 1965 debate at Cambridge University between James Baldwin and William F. Buckley,
Jr., posed the question: “Has the American Dream been achieved at the Expense of the
American Negro?” Within the contours of the debate, Baldwin and Buckley wrestled with the
ghosts of settler colonialism and slavery in a nation founded on freedom and equality.
Framing the debate within the longue durée, this essay examines the deep cultural currents
related to the American racial paradox at the height of the Civil Rights movement.
Underscoring the changing language of white resistance against black civil rights, the
essay argues that the Baldwin and Buckley debate anticipated the ways the U.S. would
address racial inequality in the aftermath of the civil rights era and the dawn of
neoliberalism in the 1970s.
Humanitarianism, Communications and Change ( New
York : Peter Lang ). Cottle , S. and
D. ( 2007 ),
‘ Global Humanitarianism and the Changing Aid-Media Field: Everyone Was
Dying for Footage ’, Journalism Studies
8 : 6 ,
862 – 78 . Curtis ,
H. ( 2015 ),
‘ Picturing Pain Evangelicals and the Politics of Pictorial
Humanitarianism in an Imperial Age ’, in Fehrenbach ,
H. and Rodongo ,
D. (eds), Humanitarian
Photography: A History ( Cambridge :
CambridgeUniversity Press ), pp
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
: Presses Universitaires de Rennes ) p. 21 . Favez , J. C. ( 1999 ), The Red Cross and the Holocaust ( Cambridge : CambridgeUniversity Press ). Hutchinson , J. F. ( 1996 ), Champions of Charity, War and the Rise of the Red Cross ( Oxford : Westview Press ). Judt , T. ( 2008 ), Reappraisals: Reflections on the Forgotten Twentieth Century ( London : William Heinemann ). Kaldor , M. ( 1999 ), New and Old Wars: Organized Violence in a Global Era ( Redwood City, CA : Stanford University Press ). Keller , J. ( 2018 ), ‘The Tactical Case for the
Globalization, US Intervention and Hegemony ( Cambridge :
CambridgeUniversity Press ). Sandel ,
M. ( 1984 ),
‘ Introduction ’, in Sandel ,
M. (ed.), Liberalism and Its
Critics ( New York : New York University
Press ), pp. 1 – 11 . Shklar , J.
N. ( 1989 ), ‘ The
Liberalism of Fear ’, in Rosenblum ,
N. (ed.), Liberalism and the
Moral Life ( Cambridge, MA : Harvard
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21 – 38 . United
Nations ( 2015 ), ‘ Restoring Humanity:
Synthesis of the
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper
.icrc.org/en/doc/assets/files/reports/report-hcid-16-country-study-2011-08-10.pdf (accessed 25 July 2018) . Kalyvas , S. ( 2006 ), The Logic of Violence in Civil War ( Cambridge : CambridgeUniversity Press ). Médecins Sans Frontières ( 2012 ), South Sudan’s Hidden Crisis , report November 2012, www.doctorswithoutborders.org/sites/usa/files/Jonglei%20Report%20Single%20Page.pdf (accessed 11 April 2019) . Médecins Sans Frontières ( 2014a ), ‘ South Sudan: The Day That MSF left Bentiu ’, first posted online 7 February 2015, www.msf.org/article/south-sudan-day-msf-left-bentiu (accessed 25 July 2018
backgrounds or situations. Although Russell enjoyed personal involvement with Bloomsbury (prompted by their Cambridge links and common
aesthetics), he was able and willing to strike out intellectually and practically
where most others faltered. At times during the war’s course, Russell was truly
a man alone, despite his seemingly secure position in 1914 amidst the CambridgeUniversity establishment. It is interesting, then, to observe how that academic establishment reacted to the arrival of war.
On 1 August 1914 the Cambridge Daily News carried several comments by
persuade the University to acknowledge the need for ‘academic
goals, purposes and priorities and sufficient management to manage,
but not so much as to destroy the individuality of individuals’. An
optimist in the Armitage tradition, with great faith in the University’s
capacity for self-improvement, he aspired above all to raise it to its
rightful place in the league table. Oxford, Cambridge, University
College London, Imperial College and perhaps Edinburgh would be
hard to overtake, but Manchester should at least be Number Six in the
national race for acknowledged
Librarian of CambridgeUniversity in the spring of 1980. A joint committee of Council and
Senate, appointed to search for a new Vice-Chancellor, met and deliberated at intervals between February and August 1980, whilst its
chairman, Sir George Kenyon, consulted advisers in such London
venues as the Athenaeum and the Oxford and Cambridge Club, and
sounded out potential candidates for the job.
Of the quartet appointed to these positions, one had served the
University throughout his career. This was Dr Frederic Bakewell
Beswick, known to his friends as Bill, who had, he said
7 is also a revision of two earlier pieces of work: ‘Dis/Counting the Future’, Social Policy Review 13 (2001), edited by Rob Sykes, Cath
Bochel and Nick Ellison, and ‘Making Welfare for Future Generations’,
Social Policy and Administration 35(5) (2001). I am grateful to Policy Press
and Blackwell, respectively, for permission to use these.
Chapter 8 is a revised version of ‘Before The Cradle: New Genetics,
Biopolicy And Regulated Eugenics’, Journal of Social Policy 30(4) (2001).
Reprinted with permission of CambridgeUniversity Press.
The rest of the book was