The Great War still haunts us. This book draws together examples of the ‘aesthetic pacifism’ practised during the Great War by such celebrated individuals as Virginia Woolf, Siegfried Sassoon and Bertrand Russell. It also tells the stories of those less well known who shared the attitudes of the Bloomsbury Group when it came to facing the first ‘total war’. The five-year research for this study gathered evidence from all the major archives in Great Britain and abroad in order to paint a complete picture of this unique form of anti-war expression. The narrative begins with the Great War's effect on philosopher-pacifist Bertrand Russell and Cambridge University.
James Baldwin, William F. Buckley,
Jr., and the 1965 Cambridge Debate
Daniel Robert McClure
The 1965 debate at Cambridge University between James Baldwin and William F. Buckley,
Jr., posed the question: “Has the American Dream been achieved at the Expense of the
American Negro?” Within the contours of the debate, Baldwin and Buckley wrestled with the
ghosts of settler colonialism and slavery in a nation founded on freedom and equality.
Framing the debate within the longue durée, this essay examines the deep cultural currents
related to the American racial paradox at the height of the Civil Rights movement.
Underscoring the changing language of white resistance against black civil rights, the
essay argues that the Baldwin and Buckley debate anticipated the ways the U.S. would
address racial inequality in the aftermath of the civil rights era and the dawn of
neoliberalism in the 1970s.
(accessed 27 January 2020) .
L. ( 2017 ), The Biafran War and Postcolonial
Humanitarianism: Spectacles of Suffering
( Cambridge : CambridgeUniversity Press ).
Jacobsen , K.
L. ( 2015 ), The Politics of Humanitarian
Technology: Good Intentions, Unintended Consequences and Insecurity
Humanitarianism, Communications and Change ( New
York : Peter Lang ). Cottle , S. and
D. ( 2007 ),
‘ Global Humanitarianism and the Changing Aid-Media Field: Everyone Was
Dying for Footage ’, Journalism Studies
8 : 6 ,
862 – 78 . Curtis ,
H. ( 2015 ),
‘ Picturing Pain Evangelicals and the Politics of Pictorial
Humanitarianism in an Imperial Age ’, in Fehrenbach ,
H. and Rodongo ,
D. (eds), Humanitarian
Photography: A History ( Cambridge :
CambridgeUniversity Press ), pp
E. ( 2005 ), The Printing Revolution in Early
Modern Europe ( Cambridge :
Frontier Economics ( 2014 ), Rates of Return to Investment in
Science and Innovation: A Report Prepared for the Department for Business,
Innovation and Skills ( London :
Frontier Economics Ltd
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian
) . Bibliography Farré ,
( 2014 ), Colis de guerres, Secours alimentaire et
organisations humanitaires (1914–1947)
( Rennes : Presses
Universitaires de Rennes ) p.
21 . Favez , J.
C. ( 1999 ),
The Red Cross and the Holocaust
( Cambridge : CambridgeUniversity Press ). Hutchinson , J.
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas
Report (AR5). Climate Change 2014:
Impacts, Adaptation and Vulnerability. Part A: Global and Sectoral
Aspects ( Cambridge :
CambridgeUniversity Press ), pp.
709 – 54 .
Sphere Project ( 2016 ), The Humanitarian Charter , www.sphereproject.org/handbook/the-humanitarian-charter
(accessed 10 June 2018) .
Spiegel , P.
B. ( 2017 ), ‘ The Humanitarian
Globalization, US Intervention and Hegemony ( Cambridge :
CambridgeUniversity Press ). Sandel ,
M. ( 1984 ),
‘ Introduction ’, in Sandel ,
M. (ed.), Liberalism and Its
Critics ( New York : New York University
Press ), pp. 1 – 11 . Shklar , J.
N. ( 1989 ), ‘ The
Liberalism of Fear ’, in Rosenblum ,
N. (ed.), Liberalism and the
Moral Life ( Cambridge, MA : Harvard
University Press ), pp.
21 – 38 . United
Nations ( 2015 ), ‘ Restoring Humanity:
Synthesis of the
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South
Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper
(accessed 25 July 2018) . Kalyvas ,
( 2006 ), The Logic of Violence in Civil War
( Cambridge : CambridgeUniversity Press ). Médecins Sans Frontières
( 2012 ), South Sudan’s Hidden Crisis ,
report November 2012, www.doctorswithoutborders.org/sites/usa/files/Jonglei%20Report%20Single%20Page.pdf
(accessed 11 April 2019) . Médecins Sans
backgrounds or situations. Although Russell enjoyed personal involvement with Bloomsbury (prompted by their Cambridge links and common
aesthetics), he was able and willing to strike out intellectually and practically
where most others faltered. At times during the war’s course, Russell was truly
a man alone, despite his seemingly secure position in 1914 amidst the CambridgeUniversity establishment. It is interesting, then, to observe how that academic establishment reacted to the arrival of war.
On 1 August 1914 the Cambridge Daily News carried several comments by