Open Access (free)
A history of colonial and post-colonial nursing
Editors: Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Colonial Caring covers over a century of colonial nursing by nurses from a wide range of countries including: Denmark, Britain, USA, Holland and Italy; with the colonised countries including South Africa, Australia, New Zealand, Ethiopia, Nigeria, India, Indonesia (Dutch East Indies) and the Danish West Indies. It presents unique perspectives from which to interrogate colonialism and post-colonialism including aspects of race, cultural difference and implications of warfare and politics upon nursing. Viewing nursing’s development under colonial and post-colonial rule reveals different faces of a profession that superficially may appear to be consistent and coherent, yet in reality is constantly reinventing itself. Considering such areas as transnational relationships, class, gender, race and politics, this book aims to present current work in progress within the field, to better understand the complex entanglements in nursing’s development as it was imagined and practised in local imperial, colonial and post-colonial contexts. Taking a chronologically-based structure, early chapters examine nursing in situations of conflict in the post-Crimean period from the Indian Rebellion to the Anglo-Boer War. Recruitment, professionalisation of nursing and of military nursing in particular, are therefore considered before moving deeper into the twentieth century reflecting upon later periods of colonialism in which religion and humanitarianism become more central. Drawing from a wide range of sources from official documents to diaries, memoirs and oral sources, and using a variety of methodologies including qualitative and quantitative approaches, the book represents ground-breaking work.

Author: Charles V. Reed

Royal Tourists, Colonial Subjects, and the Making of a British World, 1860-1911 examines the ritual space of nineteenth-century royal tours of empire and the diverse array of historical actors who participated in them. The book is a tale of royals who were ambivalent and bored partners in the project of empire; colonial administrators who used royal ceremonies to pursue a multiplicity of projects and interests or to imagine themselves as African chiefs or heirs to the Mughal emperors; local princes and chiefs who were bullied and bruised by the politics of the royal tour, even as some of them used the tour to symbolically appropriate or resist British cultural power; and settlers of European descent and people of colour in the empire who made claims on the rights and responsibilities of imperial citizenship and as co-owners of Britain’s global empire. Royal Tourists, Colonial Subjects, and the Making of a British World suggests that the diverse responses to the royal tours of the nineteenth century demonstrate how a multi-centred British-imperial culture was forged in the empire and was constantly made and remade, appropriated and contested. In this context, subjects of empire provincialized the British Isles, centring the colonies in their political and cultural constructions of empire, Britishness, citizenship, and loyalty.

Barbra Mann Wall

9 Changes in nursing and mission in post-colonial Nigeria Barbra Mann Wall Introduction In 1914, Britain created the country of Nigeria by joining northern and southern protectorates together. In a colonisation process that lasted more than forty years, the British employed treaties, battles, threats of deportation and collaboration with compliant local rulers as they established a policy of ‘indirect rule’. Yet racial discrimination and other forms of alienation led to anti-colonial protests and nationalist resistance movements. After the Second World War

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins

Introduction: contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins Nursing history has until recently been an insular analysis whose central theme was most often professionalisation within national borders, and although a more international perspective has been emerging over the past five to ten years there is still a big gap in its literature when examining the role nurses and nursing played in a country’s colonial and post-colonial past and the impact that experience of this particular form of nursing had on the wider development of

in Colonial caring
American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

6 Working towards health, Christianity and democracy: American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–301 Winifred C. Connerton At the turn of the twentieth century American nurses went to Puerto Rico as members of the Army Nurse Corps, as colonial service workers and as Protestant missionaries. Though the nurses went as members of very different organisations they all espoused similar messages about America, Christianity and trained nursing. This chapter explores the overlapping messages of Protestant missionaries and of the United States (US

in Colonial caring
Disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914
Angharad Fletcher

2 Imperial sisters in Hong Kong: disease, conflict and nursing in the British Empire, 1880–1914 Angharad Fletcher British nurses, much like those enlisted in the colonial or military services, frequently circulated within the Empire as a professional necessity, often in response to the development of perceived crisis in the form of conflicts or disease outbreaks, prompting reciprocally shaping encounters between individuals within the various colonial outposts. More traditional approaches to the history of nursing are enclavist in the sense that they have

in Colonial caring
Emergency nursing in the Indian Mutiny
Sam Goodman

1 Lady amateurs and gentleman professionals: emergency nursing in the Indian Mutiny Sam Goodman The events that took place in central India during the summer of 1857 have gone by many names over the last 150  years. Historians of colonial India have variously referred to the disorder of that year as the Sepoy Rebellion, the First War of Independence and, perhaps more familiarly, the Indian Mutiny, often reflecting the partisan positions of the original participants.1 Despite the discrepancy over what to call it, most historians agree that the initial uprising

in Colonial caring
Guerrilla nursing with the Friends Ambulance Unit, 1946–48
Susan Armstrong-Reid

. This case study challenges post-colonial scholars’ hegemonic views of nurses’ agency within Western humanitarian diplomacy.5 Western nurses did not always act as agents of their governments’ interests abroad. It was a far more complex and fascinating story than previously realised. Joining the Convoy The decision to volunteer offered exotic travel, adventure, new professional horizons and an opportunity for service, but the roads that led Stanley and Hughes to China differed in significant ways. 210 Two China ‘gadabouts’ Although raised in a middle-class family

in Colonial caring
Colonialism and Native Health nursing in New Zealand, 1900–40
Linda Bryder

in impoverished communities, which accentuated the health problems they had to deal with. Despite the best efforts of those who initiated the Native Nursing scheme and the nurses who serviced it, the roots of Māori ill health lay in structural economic circumstances, including poor housing. Nevertheless, this does not diminish the endeavours of the nurses themselves, and nor should they be seen 98 Native Health nursing in New Zealand as simply agents of the State imposing Western values on colonial subjects. These nurses soon learned that healthcare was not a

in Colonial caring
Open Access (free)
Rima D. Apple

reflected that of nursing around the globe throughout the twentieth century. However, their often iconic status and position made them critical components of the imperial project. The authors in this volume have located and mined crucial source material, including diaries, letters, professional journals, government reports, interviews and photographs and films, to present nuanced histories that disclose the complexities and uncertainties of colonial and post-colonial nursing and, at the same time, illuminate the imperial project and its aftermath. Some of the nurses who

in Colonial caring