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Positioning, Politics and Pertinence
Natalie Roberts

Introduction The Ebola epidemic that occurred in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo, primarily Nord Kivu, between 2018 and 2020 was the first major outbreak of the disease since West Africa 2013–16. Dramatic biomedical progress was made before and during the Kivu outbreak, including the rapid development of effective tests, treatments, vaccines and care interventions. Response efforts were marked by an extraordinarily large budget dispersed

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insights from 'Africa's World War'

Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making addresses debates on liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding of these processes and the particular case.

A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

interdependencies – often invisible to the reader – that influence the accounts of such conflicts. 2 Drawing on my own experience as a journalist and independent researcher who has worked regularly – though not exclusively – in eastern Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC) since 2012, I considered the work of a journalist reporting on the DRC from four different perspectives based on: my experience as a journalist who wrote articles on armed conflict in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Marc Le Pape and Michaël Neuman

All of the authors contributing to this issue of Journal of Humanitarian Affairs (JHA) agreed to write articles elaborating on the presentations they gave at the international conference hosted by FMSH (Fondation Maison des Sciences de l’Homme) and MSF-CRASH (Médecins Sans Frontières – Centre de Réflexion sur l’Action et les Savoirs Humanitaires) on 20–22 March 2019 at the Hôtel de Lauzun in Paris. The title of the conference was ‘Extreme violence: investigate, rescue, judge. Syria, Rwanda, Democratic Republic of Congo’. This issue also includes a recent text

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

responses. Negotiations here take on their full meaning, far beyond simplistic visions of the notion of community. While the latter is introduced as a maze of at times diverging interests, negotiations are seen as a crucial step in securing consent. These appear all the more essential at a time when the responders to the Ebola epidemic in the Democratic Republic of Congo were confronted with multiple security incidents, including attacks on health centres and the deaths and kidnappings of health professionals

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean and Michaël Neuman

concerns this journal, the humanitarian sector faces its own challenges when navigating the global health environment and responding to outbreaks of infectious disease. The first contribution to this issue is a research article by Myfanwy James et al. that digs through the debates surrounding Ebola vaccine trials in the eastern Democratic Republic of Congo. The focus is on the introduction of a second experimental vaccine and the related ethical dilemmas of doing so in an epidemic

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

saviours and enabled by organisations that rely on public goodwill for funding and support’(page 49). She highlights that the risks of speaking out are compounded by racial hierarchies in the sector which mean some women are less likely to be believed. The recent investigative reporting by The New Humanitarian and the Thomson Reuters Foundation on the sexual abuse experienced by women in the Democratic Republic of Congo during the humanitarian response to the Ebola crisis has yet again illustrated

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

considerable information about RPF violence in the Democratic Republic of Congo in the 1996–97 and 1998–2003 wars ( Umutesi, 2000 ; Bradol and Le Pape, 2017 ) 2 but that violence falls outside the timeframe considered by Leave None to Tell . Similarly, numerous recent works have explored the violent and authoritarian nature of RPF rule since 1994 ( Reyntjens, 2013 ). 3 Not much additional data has appeared regarding RPF violence from 1990–94. An insider account by RPF dissident Abdul Ruzibiza both accuses Kagame of organising the assassination of Habyarimana and argues

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

has been the case with UNHCR in the Democratic Republic of Congo, for example ( Bradley, 2016 : 61). Notably, the main guidelines on the use of armed escorts by humanitarians specifically exclude consideration of the transportation of the wider civilian population ( IASC, 2013 : 2). With the exception of the ICRC, most of what humanitarian agencies do under the rubric of civilian protection is not aimed at changing the behaviour of armed actors to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet, Sarah Chynoweth, Sarah Martin, Chen Reis, Henri Myrttinen, Philipp Schulz, Lewis Turner, and David Duriesmith

. ( 2011 ), ‘ Sexual and Gender Based Violence against Men in the Democratic Republic of Congo: Effects on Survivors, Their Families and the Community ’, Medicine, Conflict and Survival , 27 : 4 , 227 – 46 . Chynoweth , S. K. ( 2017 ), ‘We Keep It In Our Heart’: Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in the Syria Crisis

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs