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Open Access (free)
Cas Mudde

chap3 28/5/02 13.31 Page 60 3 Deutsche Volksunion The whims of an extreme right business man One of the most influential people in the German post-war extreme right scene is Gerhard Frey, the multi-millionaire media czar who owns and publishes several newspapers (see Müller 1989: 66–74; Backes and Jesse 1993: 295–7; Mecklenburg 1999b). Born in 1933 into a traditional national-conservative merchant family, Frey first worked for the Deutsche Soldatenzeitung (German Soldiers Newspaper, DSZ) and later bought 50 per cent of its stock. During the 1960s his

in The ideology of the extreme right
Author: Cas Mudde

This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.

Open Access (free)
Geoffrey K. Roberts and Patricia Hogwood

-Parti Démocratique DS Left Democrats (Italy)/Democratici di Sinistra DUP Democratic Unionist Party (N. Ireland) DVU German People’s Union/Deutsche Volksunion EAJ/PNV Basque Nationalist Party (Spain)/Eusko Alderdi Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco ECOLO Ecologist Party (Belgium: French-speaking)/Écologistes confédérés pour l’organisation de luttes originales EE Basque Left/Eusko Equerra EH ‘We Basques’ (Spain)/Euskal Herritarrok ELRG Red–Green Unity

in The politics today companion to West European Politics
Cas Mudde

the Italian MSI, which is according to Ignazi the inspiration for all extreme right-wing parties up until the 1970s. Other old extreme right parties are the BNP, CP’86, Deutsche Volksunion-Liste D (German People’s Union-List D, DVU), and NPD (Ignazi 1992). In his more recent work Ignazi has renamed the ‘old’ into ‘traditional’, and the ‘new’ into ‘post-industrial’ extreme right parties (1994a, 1994b). Even though the basis for classification remains the same, there are some changes in the actual classification of the individual parties. Former borderline cases such

in The ideology of the extreme right
Arthur B. Gunlicks

/1999) Saxony-Anhalt (4/2002) Schleswig-Holstein (2/2000) Thuringia (9/1999) 128 204 141 89 100 121 110 157 71 231 101 51 120 115 89 88 45 67 44 37 47 46 46 83 27 102 49 25 14 25 41 21 63 123a 35 25 42 33 50 62 24 88 38 26 76 48 33 49 10 – 15 – – 6 6 – – 24 8 – – 17 7 – 10 14 14 – 10 11 8 12 – 17 6 – – – 5 – – – 33 22 – – – – 20 – – – 30 25 – 18 – – – 5b 1b 25c – – – – – – – – 3d – 1916 719 815 93 107 148 34 Total Notes: a Christlich Soziale Union (CSU); b Deutsche Volksunion (DVU); c Party for Rule of Law Offensive (PRO); d Südschleswigscher Wählerverband

in The Länder and German federalism