The whims of an extreme right business man
One of the most influential people in the German post-war extreme right
scene is Gerhard Frey, the multi-millionaire media czar who owns and publishes several newspapers (see Müller 1989: 66–74; Backes and Jesse 1993:
295–7; Mecklenburg 1999b). Born in 1933 into a traditional national-conservative merchant family, Frey first worked for the Deutsche Soldatenzeitung (German Soldiers Newspaper, DSZ) and later bought 50 per cent of
its stock. During the 1960s his
This book provides a comprehensive and detailed analysis of the five main parties of the extreme right in the Netherlands (Centrumdemocraten, Centrumpartij), Belgium (Vlaams Blok), and Germany (Die Republikaner, Deutsche Volksunion). Using primary research — including internal party documents — it concludes that rather than right-wing and extremist, the core ideology of these parties is xenophobic nationalist, including also a mix of law and order and welfare chauvinism. The author's research and conclusions have broader implications for the study of the extreme-right phenomenon and party ideology in general.
Démocratique DS Left Democrats (Italy)/Democratici di Sinistra DUP Democratic Unionist Party (N. Ireland) DVU German People’s Union/DeutscheVolksunion EAJ/PNV Basque Nationalist Party (Spain)/Eusko Alderdi
Jeltzalea-Partido Nacionalista Vasco ECOLO Ecologist Party (Belgium: French-speaking)/Écologistes
confédérés pour l’organisation de
luttes originales EE Basque Left/Eusko Equerra EH ‘We Basques’ (Spain)/Euskal Herritarrok ELRG Red–Green Unity
the Italian MSI, which is according to Ignazi the inspiration
for all extreme right-wing parties up until the 1970s. Other old extreme
right parties are the BNP, CP’86, DeutscheVolksunion-Liste D (German
People’s Union-List D, DVU), and NPD (Ignazi 1992).
In his more recent work Ignazi has renamed the ‘old’ into ‘traditional’,
and the ‘new’ into ‘post-industrial’ extreme right parties (1994a, 1994b).
Even though the basis for classification remains the same, there are some
changes in the actual classification of the individual parties. Former borderline cases such