Helen Brooks
and
Penny Bee

Research dissemination and impact Helen Brooks and Penny Bee Chapter overview Research activity does not finish when data analysis is complete. Once research findings are available, researchers still have obligations to fulfil. These obligations include sharing the findings with different audiences and ensuring maximum impact from the study. A Research Handbook for Patient and Public Involvement Researchers Chapter 10: The process of sharing research learning with others can be an enjoyable but challenging one. Often it is referred to as dissemination, but

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Sabine Doering-Manteuffel
and
Stephan Bachter

10 Beyond the witch trials The dissemination of magical knowledge The dissemination of magical knowledge in Enlightenment Germany The supernatural and the development of print culture Sabine Doering-Manteuffel The so-called Age of Enlightenment has traditionally been portrayed as a phase of European history during which new philosophies came into existence concerning people’s ability to determine their own fate through reason. This era saw the development of future-oriented conceptions of state and society as well as new ideas about mankind’s ability to

in Beyond the witch trials
1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

Introduction One of the goals of the photographers hired by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) during the 1990s and 2000s was to create images for the education of children and youth. For twenty years, CIDA sent these reproductions of images to schools in a multitude of formats, from magazines to videos, slide shows, games, picture books, and maps, produced in collaboration with academic specialists in education and the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). The attention and resources the international agency invested in the dissemination

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local
Elena Fiddian-Qasmiyeh

the roles and rights of diverse groups of Palestinians in the Middle East. Equally, it veils the adverse effects of UNRWA’s own regional and local-level operational processes on a wide range of people, including UNRWA’s Palestinian staff members. I demonstrate this, firstly, by developing a close textual analysis of three regional-level UNRWA circulars disseminated to UNRWA staff in early 2018. Several of my interviewees in Lebanon shared the full text of these circulars with me, showing me the circulars they had received by email from

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Keith Krause

In discussions of conflict, war and political violence, dead bodies count. Although the politics and practices associated with the collection of violent-death data are seldom subject to critical examination, they are crucial to how scholars and practitioners think about how and why conflict and violence erupt. Knowledge about conflict deaths – the who, what, where, when, why and how – is a form of expertise, created, disseminated and used by different agents. This article highlights the ways in which body counts are deployed as social facts and forms of knowledge that are used to shape and influence policies and practices associated with armed conflict. It traces the way in which conflict-death data emerged, and then examines critically some of the practices and assumptions of data collection to shed light on how claims to expertise are enacted and on how the public arena connects (or not) with scholarly conflict expertise.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

nightmarish natural disasters, the suffering of slaves, or the horrors of war. Within weeks of the 1755 Lisbon earthquake that destroyed much of the city and killed thousands, woodcuts and engravings portraying the horrific event were everywhere in Europe. It was one of the ‘first great mass media events’ ( Sliwinski, 2011 : 88). Decades later, British abolitionists would disseminate the disturbing graphic of bodies packed into the hull of a slave ship, often viewed as a 3-dimensional model. Goya did

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Four Conversations with Canadian Communications Officers
Dominique Marshall

of power over the making and dissemination of images, the ethical principles involved in their visual practice and, finally, the concerns they share with historians. Apprenticeships and Career Trajectories among Visual Media Specialists in Canadian NGOs The course of the careers of all five publicists is marked by the history of the technical and institutional transformations of the media industry, from the decrease in size and number of newspapers, magazines, and news agencies, to the multiplication of online platforms, the deregulation of news outlets

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

the ‘proposal of commitment’ ( Boltanski, 1999 : 149) that was made to the spectators to feel and act in a particular way. Examining the performativity of images involves the relation between visual forms and non-visual forms, because a medium cannot be isolated from its circuits of dissemination and its contexts of exhibition. The transnational networks within which humanitarian cinema operated, the messages embodied in these films, the multimodal experience of watching them in a designated space, but also the new relation with the moving image at the beginning

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Infectious Disease
Duncan McLean
and
Michaël Neuman

The 1577 Oxford trial of Rowland Jenks for the dissemination of ‘Popish’ books was not unusual for the period. Large crowds attended the proceedings and the bookbinder was duly condemned – comparatively lightly given the context of religious fervour and persecution – with his ears being either removed or nailed to the local pillory depending on the source. While Jenks survived the ordeal, many of the trial attendees were less fortunate. With deaths from ‘jail fever’ vastly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

rights violations’ ( 2016 : 413). However, the combination of advocacy with data-gathering and dissemination may create difficulties. This is especially the case, when in the face of grotesque violence the urge to speak out is felt urgently. Mülhausen et al. already noted the ‘[conflation of] analytical objectives with advocacy aims’ in the case of monitoring of attacks on healthcare ( 2017 : 37; see also Zimmerman et al. , 2019 : 27). Criticising claims on changes in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs