A Focus on Community Engagement

heterogeneity, the cases constitute what can be termed comparables , in reference to the work of the French historian Marcel Détienne (2002 , 2009 ). They are emblematic of the interactions at play during emergency encounters. They speak to each other as they highlight the contested nature of legitimacy, its roots both in the longue durée and in contemporary issues. They shed light on the important role played during epidemics by the too often ignored intermediaries of the international intervention. Comparative anthropology of the kind we develop here has the potential

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs

, 2018 ). Among other issues, this lack of trust makes it much harder for journalists to do their job – to provide information about humanitarian issues and to hold those with power to account. The news media has historically played an important (albeit imperfect) role in supporting the response to humanitarian emergencies: by providing surveillance and early warning, raising awareness and monitoring the treatment of citizens ( Cottle and Cooper, 2015 : 4). If audiences do not trust the news media to provide reliable information, it can no longer

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Caroline Abu Sa’Da, General Director of SOS MEDITERRANEE Suisse

citizen movements that have been at the forefront of the emergency response. Similarly inspired by cosmopolitan ideals, these groups tend to use more political language than conventional NGOs, presenting their relief activities as a form of direct resistance to nationalist politics and xenophobia. As liberal humanitarianism is challenged in its European heartland, they are developing – through practice – a new model of humanitarian engagement. SOS MEDITERRANEE is an ad hoc citizen initiative founded in 2015 to prevent the death of people crossing the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design

from the 2008 financial crisis, for example, has been the weakest and most prolonged on record ( Streeck, 2017 ). Reflecting the realities of the downturn, the new freedom to consume has, to a remarkable degree, been unequally distributed ( OECD, 2008 ; Oxfam, 2016 ). Precarity is a by-product of the long downturn. It emerges at that historic moment when the economy becomes a site of permanent emergency ( Streeck, 2011 ). A human surplus coexists with the ‘jobless’ growth resulting from the systemic urge to deepen automation at a time of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
From the Global to the Local

potential disappearance continue to pervade Palestinian refugees’ experiences and perceptions of UNRWA as the remaining UN agency responsible for Palestinians. UNRWA’s initial three-year mandate as a ‘relief and works’ agency supporting Palestinian refugees residing within its five areas of operation has been renewed for the past seventy years. While continuing to provide ‘works’ and ‘services’ to Palestinian refugees – including in the fields of health, social services, education, microfinance and direct cash emergency programmes – its budget

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War

tensions and fear between the different communities present. As troops loyal to the government advanced toward Bentiu in the first week of January, MSF-H decided to evacuate its whole team and relocate it, for safety, to the town of Leer, 130 kilometres south of Bentiu, where the aid agency had been running the local hospital since 2005. In an article posted on the MSF website in early February, the MSF emergency coordinator for Unity state recounted the circumstances of this evacuation: When we heard that forces were approaching Bentiu, we knew that the town would most

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Model for Historical Reflection in the Humanitarian Sector

also privileges presentism. As Jeff Crisp rather pithily observed, over the course of any emergency, the sector ‘can be guaranteed to describe it as an “unprecedented crisis”’ ( Crisp, 2016 ). Description of the Project We developed ‘Humanitarian History: Past Practice into Future Policy’, a project funded by a New Foundations Grant from the Irish Research Council in 2017, from conversations about these issues. Our aim was to find a method that would allow humanitarians to integrate historical reflection into their work practices and to establish a model that might

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order

of humanitarian and human rights organisations to actively involve themselves in crises and complex emergencies worldwide under the sometimes explicit, often implicit protection of Western hegemony. This all came to an end with the intervention in Libya of 2011. On the face of it, getting China and Russia to abstain from using their veto on the security council must have seemed like a diplomatic coup. But in reality, this was a trigger for greater Chinese assertiveness. The blocking of effective action on Syria at the security council, including

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles

funders for evaluation, for example, and sometimes to end a programme not because it has become unnecessary but because the funding has run out and cannot be renewed. Even organisations funded by individual donors, who have full control over their money, cannot claim to be independent in the usual sense of the word – that is, free to decide how to use their resources. They can – and this is what characterises them – mobilise funds quickly in cases of emergency, choose to offer their services to (state and non-state) actors as they see fit and negotiate the terms of that

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector

Sudan and the Protection of Civilians ’, Journal of Conflict and Security Law , 22 : 3 , 367 – 394 . doi: 10.1093/jcsl/krx016 . Neuman , M. ( 2016a ), ‘ On Danger, Sacrifice and Professionalisation: MSF and the Security Debate ’, in Neuman , M. and Weissman , F. (eds), Saving Lives and Staying Alive: Humanitarian Security in the Age of Risk Management ( London : Hurst ), pp. 21 – 36 . Neuman , M. ( 2016b ), The Duty of a Head of Mission: Interview with Delphine Chedorge, MSF Emergency Coordinator in Central African Republic , in Neuman , M. and

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