The Tories after 1997
Editors: Mark Garnett and Philip Lynch

The Conservative Party's survival as a significant political force was now open to serious question for the first time since the crisis over the Corn Laws. The Labour Party has commanded a fairly consistent level of attention, whether in office or in opposition. But it seems that the Conservatives are fated to be regarded either as unavoidable or irrelevant. This book presents an analysis that suggests that the party leader plays a less important role in Conservative recoveries than a distinctive policy programme and an effective party organization. It examines the Conservative position on a series of key issues, highlighting the difficult dilemmas which confronted the party after 1997, notably on economic policy. New Labour's acceptance of much of the main thrust of Thatcherite economic policy threw the Conservatives off balance. The pragmatism of this new position and the 'In Europe, not run by Europe' platform masked a significant move towards Euro-skepticism. The book also traces how the Scottish Conservative and Unionist Parties adapted to the creation of the Scottish Parliament, exploring the re-organisation of the Scottish party, its electoral fortunes and political prospects in the new Scottish politics. It examines issues of identity and nationhood in Conservative politics in the 1997-2001 period, focusing on the 'English Question' and the politics of 'race'. The predictable results of the Conservatives' failure to develop an attractive, consistent narrative are then analysed. Right-wing populist parties with charismatic leaders enjoyed some electoral success under the proportional representation systems in 2002.

Philip Lynch

Conservative politics of nationhood under William Hague, focusing on the ‘English Question’ and the politics of ‘race’. Policy towards the European Union (EU) is examined in Chapter 8. The end of Empire, moves towards membership of the European Community (EC), devolution and immigration posed significant challenges to the dominant One Nation perspective in the 1960s. Two contrasting positions on how to adapt the Conservative politics of nationhood emerged. Edward Heath proposed EC membership, Scottish devolution and a liberal perspective on race relations. Enoch Powell

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Open Access (free)
The Nairn–Anderson interpretation
Mark Wickham-Jones

Questions Anderson, P. (1992b [1987]) ‘Figures of descent’, in Anderson, P., English Questions Anderson, P. (1992c) ‘The light of Europe’, in Anderson, P., English Questions Anderson, P. (1992d) English Questions Benn, T. (1992) The End of an Era Berger, S. (2000) ‘Labour in comparative perspective’, in Tanner, D., Thane, P. and Tiratsoo, N. (eds) Labour’s First Century, Cambridge Birchall, I. (1980–81) ‘The autonomy of theory: a short history of New Left Review’, International Socialism, 10 Chun, L. (1993) The British New Left, Edinburgh Crosland, C. A. R. (1956) The

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Open Access (free)
Mark Garnett and Philip Lynch

new Scottish politics. In Chapter 10, Philip Lynch examines issues of identity and nationhood in Conservative politics in the 1997–2001 period, focusing on the ‘English Question’ and the politics of ‘race’. Hague pledged to redress the perceived inequities of New Labour’s devolution settlement by introducing the idea of ‘English votes for English laws’ at Westminster, but he resisted suggestions that the Conservatives should support the creation of an English Parliament. Hague spoke positively of the contributions made to British life by ethnic minority communities

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Nick Randall

understandings of the most recent ideological transformation of the party from ‘Old’ to ‘New’ Labour, a transformation that, as Kenny and Smith (2001: 234) suggest, is ‘a complex political problem which requires a multidimensional and disaggregated interpretation’. References Unless indicated, the place of publication is London. Abrams, M., Rose, R. and Hinden, R. (1960) Must Labour Lose? Harmondsworth Anderson, P. (1992) English Questions, London and New York Archer, M. (1995) Realist Social Theory: The Morphogenetic Approach, Cambridge Bale, T. (1999) ‘The logic of no

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Labour, the people and the ‘new political history’
Lawrence Black

?’ References Unless indicated, the place of publication is London. Anderson, P. (1992 [1964]) ‘Origins of the present crisis’, reprinted in his English Questions Bagehot, W. (1983) The English Constitution Baker, N. (1996) ‘“Going to the dogs”. Hostility to greyhound racing in Britain: puritanism, socialism and pragmatism’, Journal of Sports History, 23:2 Beer, S. H. (1965) Modern British Politics Bentley, M. (1996) Politics Without Democracy, 1815–1914 Berrington, H. (1992) ‘Dialogue of the deaf? The elite and the electorate in mid-century Britain’, in Kavanagh, D. (ed

in Interpreting the Labour Party
From disaster to devolution and beyond
Peter Lynch

different parts of the UK. However, saying ‘sorry’ to Scottish voters for eighteen years of rule by an insensitive Conservative steamroller – which delivered the poll tax – and expecting to be forgiven in time for the first elections to the Scottish Parliament seemed optimistic to say the least. Moreover, in contrast to moderating its position towards devolution and to Scotland, the Conservatives also sought to make political capital from the rise of the English question. And this situation illustrated the Conservative political dilemma: how to appear pro-Scottish in

in The Conservatives in Crisis
Emigration and the spread of Irish religious influence
Sarah Roddy

’Farrell, Ireland’s English Question Anglo-Irish Relations 1534–1970 (London, 1971), pp. 235–40. 217 Roddy_Population_Printer.indd 217 15/09/2014 11:47 Population, providence and empire David Doyle, reviewing scholarship on the diaspora, referred to ‘the ‘Ireland’s Spiritual Empire’ thesis of the 1950s’; David Noel Doyle, ‘Small differences?: the study of the Irish in the United States and Britain’ in I.H.S., xxix:113 (May, 1994), 118; see also Conor Cruise O’Brien, States of Ireland (London, 1972), p. 53; Desmond Fennell, The State of the Nation: Ireland since the Sixties

in Population, providence and empire