unrooted. Although governmental discourses about
Europeansecurity continue to methodically mobilise the assumptions,
codes and procedures that enforce our understanding of humanity as
subdivided in territorially defined statal spaces as their primary and
natural habitat, it is becoming obvious that such efforts to classify,
organise and frame Europe’s collective consciousness along these
In the story of post-Cold War conceptual confusion, the war in and over Kosovo stands out as a particularly interesting episode. This book provides new and stimulating perspectives on how Kosovo has shaped the new Europe. It breaks down traditional assumptions in the field of security studies by sidelining the theoretical worldview that underlies mainstream strategic thinking on recent events in Kosovo. The book offers a conceptual overview of the Kosovo debate, placing these events in the context of globalisation, European integration and the discourse of modernity and its aftermath. It then examines Kosovo's impact on the idea of war. One of the great paradoxes of the war in Kosovo was that it was not just one campaign but two: there was the ethnic cleansing campaign in Kosovo and the allied bombing campaign against targets in Kosovo and all over Serbia. Serbia's killing of Kosovo has set the parameters of the Balkanisation-integration nexus, offering 'Europe' (and the West in general) a unique opportunity to suggest itself as the strong centre that keeps the margins from running away. Next, it investigates 'Kosovo' as a product of the decay of modern institutions and discourses like sovereignty, statehood, the warring state or the United Nations system. 'Kosovo' has introduced new overtones into the European Weltanschauung and the ways in which 'Europe' asserts itself as an independent power discourse in a globalising world: increasingly diffident, looking for firm foundations in the conceptual void of the turn of the century.
The conflict in Kosovo represents a significant watershed in post-Cold War international security. Interpreting its political and operational significance should reveal important clues for understanding international security in the new millennium. This text analyses the international response to the crisis in Kosovo and its broader implications, by examining its diplomatic, military and humanitarian features. Despite the widely held perception that the conflict in Kosovo has implications for international security, unravelling them can be challenging, as it remains an event replete with paradoxes. There are many such paradoxes. The North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO) entered into the conflict ostensibly to head off a humanitarian catastrophe, only to accelerate the catastrophe by engaging in a bombing campaign; the political aims of all the major players contradicted the military means chosen by them in the conflict. The Russian role in the diplomatic efforts demonstrated that NATO did not want Russia to be involved but in the end needed its involvement. Russia opposed the bombing campaign but ultimately did not have enough power or influence to rise above a role as NATO's messenger; the doctrinal hurdles to achieving ‘immaculate coercion’ by use of air power alone seemed to tumble in the face of apparent success; it is ultimately unclear how or why NATO succeeded.
Sergei Medvedev and Peter van
Ham Preface: Kosovo and the
outlines of Europe’s new order Introduction: ‘Brother,
can you spare a paradigm?’ Twelve years after the fall of the Berlin Wall, talk
about the end of the Cold War continues to haunt the professional discourse
on Europeansecurity. The seemingly innocent reference to the post-Cold War
era has turned into an almost standard opening line of most writings
influence the Europeansecurity landscape more than the ‘hot
war’ in Kosovo ever could.
Chechnya and Kosovo: the similarities
Both the Chechen and the Kosovo
conflict are essentially a by-product of the breakdown of the Soviet and
Yugoslav ethno-federations. The Soviet Union and the Socialist Federal
Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) were multilevel federations, consisting of
On a hot day in early June 1999, I
was participating in a conference on Europeansecurity in Berlin. The
talk of the day was obviously the war in Kosovo. At the same time, at
Unter den Linden, a few blocks away from the conference venue, a messy
and joyful event was taking place – the Christopher Street Gay
Parade, a prelude to the Berlin Love Parade held a couple of weeks
Europeansecurity framework or of a Europe the fragile stability of
which is still under serious threat.
Kosovo’s ambiguity is relevant since we now have to
come to an appreciation of what this war implies for international
relations (IR) theory, international law, normative approaches to
politics and the development of Europeansecurity in general. What makes
‘cosmos–chaos-argument’, see Ola Tunander,
‘Post-Cold-War Europe: Synthesis of a Bipolar
Friend–Foe Structure and a Hierarchic Cosmos–Chaos
Structure’, in Ola Tunander, Pavel Baev and Victoria Ingrid
Einagel (eds), Geopolitics in Post-Wall Europe: Security,
Territory and Identity (London, Sage, 1997).
the post-Cold War Europeansecurity landscape.
precedent’: new wars, new interventions?
When NATO undertook armed action
without an explicit mandate from the UNSC, it entered a kind of
international no-man’s land between upholding the sanctity of state
sovereignty and that of human life. While NATO members asserted that the
humanitarian and strategic imperatives of saving Kosovar Albanian lives
, rather, is to examine and assess the impact of the Kosovo
crisis on the continuing evolution and development of key issues relating to
post-Cold War Europeansecurity overall.
In measuring this impact the discussions begin, logically, with
the North Atlantic Treaty Organisation (NATO). This was the chosen
instrument through which its member states sought to achieve their objective
of compelling the government of President