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This book explores the new applications of established theories or adapts theoretical approaches in order to illuminate behaviour in the field of food. It focuses on social processes at the downstream end of the food chain, processes of distribution and consumption. The book reviews the existing disciplinary approaches to understanding judgements about food taste. It suggests that the quality 'halal' is the result of a social and economic consensus between the different generations and cultures of migrant Muslims as distinct from the non-Muslim majority. Food quality is to be viewed in terms of emergent cognitive paradigms sustained within food product networks that encompass a wide range of social actors with a wide variety of intermediaries, professional and governmental. The creation of the Food Standards Agency (FSA) and the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) occurred at a juncture when perceptions of policy failure were acknowledged at United Kingdom and European Union governmental levels. The book presents a case study of retailer-led food governance in the UK to examine how different 'quality logics' actually collide in the competitive world of food consumption and production. It argues that concerns around food safety were provoked by the emergence of a new food aesthetic based on 'relationalism' and 'embeddedness'. The book also argues that the study of the arguments and discourses deployed to criticise or otherwise qualify consumption is important to the political morality of consumption.

David Barling

reordering with regard to food safety and standards with an emphasis on the safety and health of the consumer. The EC rearranged its food safety responsibilities, putting them under the newly constituted Directorate General for Health and Consumer Protection, and began a process of revising and rationalising EU food laws and regulation. An independent European Food Safety Authority (EFSA) was also created. The UK introduced its own independent Food Standards Agency (FSA) in 1999, hiving off responsibilities from the Ministry of Agriculture, Fisheries and Food (MAFF). The

in Qualities of food
New roles for experts and publics
Sarah Hartley and Adam Kokotovich

value choices are to be made. First, we argue that effective and legitimate public involvement is dependent upon the degree to which value judgements are acknowledged in the different components of risk assessment. Second, we explore variations in the prescription literatures of the National Research Council (NRC) in the USA, and the international organisation the Codex Alimentarius Commission (CAC, or ‘Codex’). Third, we examine the way in which risk assessment is disentangled in practice through the case study of the European Food Safety Authority (EFSA). Finally

in Science and the politics of openness
Friends or foes?
Roberto Baldoli and Claudio M. Radaelli

Food Safety Authority) anchors the principle to a set of requirements that are compatible with evidence-based policy – so much so that the Communication allows the EU regulators to trigger precaution only if the decision is based, among other things, on proportionality and benefit–cost considerations regarding intervention and inaction, and is subject to review in light of new scientific evidence. At least in legal and conceptual terms (if not in its usage), the precautionary principle is not incompatible with the other foundational principle of evidence

in The freedom of scientific research
Open Access (free)
Brigitte Nerlich, Sarah Hartley, Sujatha Raman, and Alexander Thomas T. Smith

institutions to epistemic diversity on the other, as well as between inclusiveness and social justice. Expertise This part continues to explore issues around expertise, experts and publics. The first chapter in this part, by Sarah Hartley and Adam Kokotovich, focuses on the always hot topic of risk and risk assessment. They make the claim that public involvement in risk assessment is not reaching its full potential and argue for a new role for experts and publics, supported by a detailed analysis of a particular case study; namely, the European Food Safety Authority’s

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
Publics, hybrids, transparency, monsters and the changing landscape around science
Stephen Turner

involvement in risk assessment; that is, opening up the risk-assessment process itself. These are not often met in practice. But why? As the authors show, in the case of the European Food Safety Authority, the bureaucratic division of labour purports to separate value issues from science Epilogue 329 and allocate distinct roles for the public and science. But this means that the implicit value judgements that are part of the science are excluded from public control and scrutiny. And the chapter points to another important phenomenon. Risk assessment itself is a case in

in Science and the politics of openness