Colonial powers and Ethiopian frontiers 1880–1884 is the fourth volume of Acta Aethiopica, a series that presents original Ethiopian documents of nineteenth-century Ethiopian history with English translations and scholarly notes. The documents have been collected from dozens of archives in Africa and Europe to recover and present the Ethiopian voice in the history of Ethiopia in the nineteenth century. The present book, the first Acta Aethiopica volume to appear from Lund University Press, deals with how Ethiopian rulers related to colonial powers in their attempts to open Ethiopia for trade and technological development while preserving the integrity and independence of their country. In addition to the correspondence and treatises with the rulers and representatives of Italy, Egypt and Great Britain, the volume also presents letters dealing with ecclesiastical issues, including the Ethiopian community in Jerusalem.

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Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

Document no. 105 Ḥamad La’īta to Giulio Pestalozza, 9 Jan. [1883] And now, the message comes from Ḥamad La’īta to Mr. Pestalozza, the Governor (ḥākim) of Aseb, if you inquire about us, we are well. We would like to inform you that we are sending you this letter to announce that the delegation to Sultan Maḥammad Ḥanfadhē has left. Until I came to you a monthly payment has to be made for the months I have been away from you, counted according to the rules kept by you. And my arrival shall be soon, after our work is finished, and our money is collected from [the

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

lances ornamented in gold. Augusto Franzoi has received my order to take the bones of Chiarini by way of Aseb, but he has not wanted to obey me. I will never abandon Aseb and I send you the declaration which I have made to signor Franzoi. __________________ ASMAI 36/2–17, Amharic original that has been lost or misplaced and could not be found. Printed Italian text in L’Italia in Africa, I.3, no. 333, allegato 1, p. 57. Document no. 164 Minīlik II to Giulio Pestalozza, 1 June 1884 Royal Seal. Debre Birhan, 25th Ginbot 1876 How are you? I am well, by the grace of God

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

for a safe trading route, to which this is most probably the reply. The letter by Sa’īd ‘Awīḍān has not been found. 113 RUBENSON TEXT.indd 113 03/02/2021 13:53 Document no. 96 Minīlik II to Giulio Pestalozza, 18 Oct. 1882 Seal Werre’īlu, 9th Ṭiqimt 1875 I have received the letter that you have sent me about which I am happy. I am satisfied with the news you give me of the arrival of Antonelli. Since I had earlier understood that Antonelli would come to Obok I have sent 60 camels. Since he has not disembarked there my camels have loaded merchandise to be sent

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884