Open Access (free)
Biography of a Radical Newspaper
Robert Poole

The newly digitised Manchester Observer (1818–22) was England’s leading radical newspaper at the time of the Peterloo meeting of August 1819, in which it played a central role. For a time it enjoyed the highest circulation of any provincial newspaper, holding a position comparable to that of the Chartist Northern Star twenty years later and pioneering dual publication in Manchester and London. Its columns provide insights into Manchester’s notoriously secretive local government and policing and into the labour and radical movements of its turbulent times. Rich materials in the Home Office papers in the National Archives reveal much about the relationship between radicals in London and in the provinces, and show how local magistrates conspired with government to hound the radical press in the north as prosecutions in London ran into trouble. This article also sheds new light on the founding of the Manchester Guardian, which endured as the Observer’s successor more by avoiding its disasters than by following its example. Despite the imprisonment of four of its main editors and proprietors the Manchester Observer battled on for five years before sinking in calmer water for lack of news.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

, 2017 ; Anders, 2018 ). In fact, the women involved in the Save the Children stories of 2018 had originally tried to approach the Guardian , but the paper had essentially declined to run the story ‘after some weighing of pros and cons’. Instead, they had been forced to approach newspapers with a pronounced anti-aid agenda to get their story reported, knowing that this would affect the way that their message was communicated ( Francis, 2018 ). In this

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

Offensive, Homs, 2012 The Baba Amr neighbourhood, whose residents protested against the GoS and became a stronghold for opposition fighters, was sieged by the GoS forces in January 2012. The neighbourhood was then heavily bombarded throughout February 2012, with about 200 civilians killed on 4 February alone. The field hospital in the area was hit, killing 19 people ( Guardian , 2012a ). Access to health was also denied, with reports talking about premature born babies and the lack of incubators. Most of the civilian infrastructure in the neighbourhood was attacked. In

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editor’s Introduction
Michaël Neuman, Fernando Espada, and Róisín Read

Weissman , F. ( 2016 ), Saving Lives and Staying Alive. Humanitarian Security in the Age of Risk Management ( London : Hurst & Co ). Shaheen , K. ( 2016 ), ‘ Wars Are Being Fought as in “Barbarian Times”, Warns MSF Chief ’, Guardian , 7 March

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

from the UN Inter-Agency Standing Committee Reference Group’s 2017 mental health Framework. Sadly, such trauma may be compounded by the widespread culture of bullying and abuse in the development and humanitarian sectors, recently exposed by whistle-blowers ( Guardian , 2018 ). Weaknesses There is nothing particularly new about DfID’s ToC approach. Mental health support and treatments must be evidence- and rights-based, affordable, provided by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

Techniques Reduces Their Influence ’, PLoS ONE , 12 : 5 , 1 – 21 . Cooper , G. ( 2007 ), ‘ Anyone Here Survived a Wave, Speak English and Got a Mobile? Aid Agencies, the Media and Reporting Disasters since the Tsunami ’, 14th Guardian Lecture, Nuffield College, University of Oxford . Cottle , S. and Cooper , G. (eds) ( 2015 ), Humanitarianism, Communications and Change ( New York : Peter Lang ). Cottle , S. and Nolan , D. ( 2007

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

, E. ( 2016 ), ‘ The Wearable Dwelling: A Coat for Refugees That Turns into a Tent ’, Guardian , 21 January . Hill , J. ( 2015 ), ‘ Migrant Crisis: Hamburg Uses Shipping Containers as Homes ’, BBC News , 6 October , www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-europe-34454384 (accessed 8 January 2020

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
José Luís Fiori

about-turn, responding in accordance with ‘Babel syndrome’. Challenged on its own terms, the US disavows its moral universalism within the inter-state system and desists from the old enlightenment project of conversion of all the peoples of the world to Western reason and ethics. At the same time, it gives up its role as guardian of international ethics and arbiter of all the world’s conflicts. This does not mean that it stops projecting the superiority of its national values, but, acting as a nation of ‘chosen people’, it opts for the unilateral

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy and Victoria Russell

). Boffey , D. and Tondo , L. ( 2019 ), ‘ Captain of Migrant Rescue Ship says Italy “Criminalising Solidarity” ’, Guardian , 15 June , www.theguardian.com/world/2019/jun/15/captain-of-migrant-rescue-ship-says-italy-criminalising-solidarity (accessed 7 October 2020

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

French press gives the work of these good Samaritans its automatic blessing, a knee-jerk endorsement that contrasts sharply with some of the practices of the English-language press, for example. In 2010, the British daily The Guardian launched a ‘Global Development’ section that, although funded in part by an important player in the field (the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation), regularly presents content that is critical. 21 The Paradox of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs