Andrea M. Szkil

The subject of forensic specialist‘s work with human remains in the aftermath of conflict has remained largely unexplored within the existing literature. Drawing upon anthropological fieldwork conducted from 2009–10 in three mortuary facilities overseen by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP) in Bosnia and Herzegovina (BiH), this article analyses observations of and interviews with ICMP forensic specialists as a means of gaining insight into their experiences with the remains of people who went missing during the 1992–95 war in BiH. The article specifically focuses on how forensic specialists construct and maintain their professional identities within an emotionally charged situation. Through analysing forensic specialists encounters with human remains, it is argued that maintaining a professional identity requires ICMP forensic specialists to navigate between emotional attachment and engagement according to each situation.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Admir Jugo and Senem Škulj

International interventions in Bosnia and Herzegovina, that ultimately brought the war to a standstill, emphasised recovering and identifying the missing as chief among the goals of post-war repair and reconstruction, aiming to unite a heavily divided country. Still, local actors keep,showing that unity is far from achieved and it is not a goal for all those involved. This paper examines the various actors that have taken up the task of locating and identifying the missing in order to examine their incentives as well as any competing agendas for participating in the process. These efforts cannot be understood without examining their impact both at the time and now, and we look at the biopolitics of the process and utilisation of the dead within. Due to the vastness and complexity of this process, instead of a conclusion, additional questions will be opened required for the process to keep moving forward.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
The forensic and political lives of secondary mass graves in Bosnia and Herzegovina
Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell

pollen samples collected from different locations.48 Finally, and most conclusively, the relationship of primary to secondary mass grave sites has been verified through results of DNA 154   Admir Jugo and Sari Wastell analysis conducted by the International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP).49 Since 2001, the ICMP have been in charge of the exhumation process in Bosnia and Herzegovina. Since 2009, this has been under the auspices of the state-level Missing Persons Institute (MPI). ICMP has been implementing its DNA-led identification process in BiH since 2001, and

in Human remains and identification
Open Access (free)
Why exhume? Why identify?
Élisabeth Anstett and Jean-Marc Dreyfus

February 2014). K. Berkhoff, ‘The dispersal and oblivion of the bones and ashes of Babi Yar’, in Lauren Faulkner & Wendy Lower (eds), Lessons and Legacies XII (Evanston, IL: Northwestern University Press, forthcoming). On the discovery of the mass grave at Leitenberg, see H. Marcuse, Legacies of Dachau: The Uses and Abuses of a Concentration Camp, 1933– 2001 (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 2001), pp. 142–50. Figures provided by the ICMP on their website, 15 October 2013; see www. ic-mp.org/icmp-worldwide/southeast-europe/ (accessed 20 January 2014). See the

in Human remains and identification
Challenges and technological solutions to the ­identification of individuals in mass grave scenarios in the modern context
Gillian Fowler and Tim Thompson

, traditional, and isolated villages such as are found in Guatemala, with little admixture between settlements, using mtDNA may not be the best option. Since then in Guatemala, a Short Tandem Repeat (STR) population allele frequency database was created from 451 Guatemalans.40 In the Balkans, where it was estimated that 40,000 people went missing, the first DNA-led strategy for identification was proposed and implemented by the International Commission for Missing Persons (ICMP) Forensic Science Department.41 However, in all of these contexts, traditional techniques are still

in Human remains and identification
Integrative concepts for a criminology of mass violence
Jon Shute

International Commission on Missing Persons (ICMP47) in Sarajevo and the Argentine Forensic Anthropology Team (Equipo Argentino de Antropología Forense, or EAAF 48) employ technologically sophisti­ cated methods to locate, excavate and identify the human contents of mass graves. While the handling of these remains surely itself involves moral arousal management techniques, for example the development of technical objectivity and ‘detachment’, the work of such agencies is key, both to the evidentiary confrontation of perpetrator denial, and to the process of grieving for

in Human remains and mass violence