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Editor: Bill Schwarz

Caribbean migration to Britain brought many new things—new music, new foods, new styles. It brought new ways of thinking too. This book explores the intellectual ideas that the West Indians brought with them to Britain. It shows that, for more than a century, West Indians living in Britain developed a dazzling intellectual critique of the codes of Imperial Britain. Chapters discuss the influence of, amongst others, C. L. R. James, Una Marson, George Lamming, Jean Rhys, Claude McKay and V. S. Naipaul. The contributors draw from many different disciplines to bring alive the thought and personalities of the figures they discuss, providing a picture of intellectual developments in Britain from which we can still learn much. The introduction argues that the recovery of this Caribbean past, on the home territory of Britain itself, reveals much about the prospects of multiracial Britain.

Open Access (free)
Visions of history, visions of Britain
Stephen Howe

on the nature of ‘imperial Britishness’, James’s relevant writings are extremely scattered and mostly brief. This must have been because British society and culture were not strange to him as America’s were: ‘Britishness’ was for James a largely pre-given cultural milieu more often than it was the object of active investigation. Yet James in the USA was intensely engaged in analysing that

in West Indian intellectuals in Britain

By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance. Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum, ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in activities not officially classed as war.

Open Access (free)
Postcolonial governance and the policing of family
Author: Joe Turner

Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.

Charles V. Reed

, 1932 ), 575–6. 9 Bill Nasson, ‘Why They Fought: Black Cape Colonists and the Imperial Wars, 1899–1918’, International Journal of African Historical Studies 37, no. 1 (2004): 55–70. 10 See Andrew Thompson, Imperial Britain: The

in Royal tourists, colonial subjects and the making of a British world, 1860–1911
Open Access (free)
War, Debt, and Colonial Power
Tim Di Muzio and Richard H. Robbins

“national” debts in: (1) colonial America before and after its revolutionary war with imperial Britain, and (2) the indemnity largely forced on a newly independent republic of Haiti founded by a successful slave revolution. As we shall see, and as addressed in Chapter 2, a key facet of instituting a “national” debt is not only that it was initially capitalized by a small coterie of private social forces but also that it was meant to be 60 Debt as Power permanent. Without this institutional permanence, debt could not act as a technology of organized power mobilized by

in Debt as Power
Open Access (free)
British masculinities, pomophobia, and the post-nation
Berthold Schoene

of masculinist and nationalist discourses within a patriarchal context and, moreover, to disclose the representational symptoms of these discourses’ critical decline as interpellative models of successful self-identification in post-imperial Britain. Finally, shifting its focus to a discussion of masculine modes of self-representation in contemporary Scottish men’s writing, the essay highlights the utopian potentialities of subnational emancipation; at the same time, it questions the ultimate political viability of any devolutionary attempt to move beyond

in Across the margins
Open Access (free)
Anne McClintock and H. Rider Haggard
Laura Chrisman

with blackness, nor does it present white males as the categorical antithesis of degeneration. On the contrary: the writing of Haggard and a number of his late nineteenth-century contemporaries is where these presumptions are challenged.7 Degeneration is for these thinkers a fear of the debilitation of the imperial British race, occasioned by the development of modern industrial and financial capitalism itself. Modernisation, in other words, is held responsible, and in a number of ways: it enervates the proletariat, it destroys the labouring agrarian classes, it

in Postcolonial contraventions
Open Access (free)
Sabine Clarke

–1965 (Ohio: Kent State University Press, 2006); G. Rist, The History of Development: From Western Origins to Global Faith (New York: Zed Books, 1999); Kiely, Politics of Labour . 8 M. Worboys, “Science and British Colonial Imperialism, 1895–1940” (DPhil, University of Sussex, 1979); Hodge, Triumph of the Expert ; R. Drayton, Nature’s Government: Science, Imperial Britain and the “Improvement” of the World (London: Yale University Press, 2000). 9 Constantine, British Colonial Development Policy ; Havinden and Meredith

in Science at the end of empire
Hysterical tetanus in the Victorian South Pacific
Daniel Simpson

Goodenough had come, by 1875, to represent imperial British exploration to a degree almost comparable with that earlier achieved by Cook, Messer perhaps hoped to increase perceptions of the significance of his report by revealing the commodore to be vulnerable to malign and superstitious influences. What is certain is that the Pearl had recently become a site of peculiar significance to debates concerning the best means of ‘modernising’ South Pacific cultures; as experts in unrelated fields, it is tempting to imagine Goodenough and Messer arguing for the relative merits

in Progress and pathology