John Marriott

Whatever the precise nature of the shift in Britain’s role from a trading to a colonial power in India, not in doubt was the dramatic increase in demand for knowledge of the nascent colony. After the decisive battle of Plassey, the various forms of knowledge production grew exponentially. In 1784 the Asiatic Society of Bengal was formed. In 1788 James Rennell published Memoir

in The other empire
Sunil S. Amrith

Bayly 05_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:22 Page 125 5 Health in India since independence 1 Sunil S. Amrith We recognise health as an inalienable human right that every individual can justly claim. So long as wide health inequalities exist in our country and access to essential health care is not universally assured, we would fall short in both economic planning and in our moral obligation to all citizens. Prime Minister Manmohan Singh, October 20052 This chapter suggests that a historical perspective on health policy in independent India can help to explain a

in History, historians and development policy
Christopher K. Colley and Sumit Gunguly

States and India were not always sufficient to prevent domestic obstacles in both the United States and India from posing political challenges to bilateral ties. However, when examining America’s relations with India during the Obama era and into the Trump regime, it is nearly impossible to decouple the broader geostrategic situation in which both states have concerns over how Beijing will wield its increasing power. While China’s rise served as a backdrop to expanding ties between Washington and New Delhi, other important (and related) events took place during Obama

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Mandakini Pant

11 Mobilizing and strengthening knowledge for sustainable development in India Mandakini Pant University–community partnerships are based on the understanding that: (a) academics/researchers, practitioners (CSOs) and community members share a commonality of purpose for effecting sustainable development by producing knowledge to be used for the practical purpose of policy change and developmental interventions, contributing to theoretical elaboration and empowering communities through knowledge dissemination; and (b) they can be complementary to each other in

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Fabien Provost

In contemporary forensic medicine, in India, the label of complete autopsy applies to a whole range of post-mortem examinations which can present consid- erable differences in view of the intellectual resources, time, personnel and material means they involve. From various sources available in India and elsewhere, stems the idea that, whatever the type of case and its apparent obviousness, a complete autopsy implies opening the abdomen, the thorax and the skull and dissecting the organs they contain. Since the nineteenth century, procedural approaches of complete autopsies have competed with a practical sense of completeness which requires doctors to think their cases according to their history. Relying on two case studies observed in the frame of an ethnographic study of eleven months in medical colleges of North India, the article suggests that the practical completeness of autopsies is attained when all aspects of the history of the case are made sense of with regard to the observation of the body. Whereas certain autopsies are considered obvious and imply a reduced amount of time in the autopsy room, certain others imply successive redefinitions of what complete implies and the realisation of certain actions which would not have been performed otherwise.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

. Soap and hand-sanitisers are important weapons against COVID-19, yet 33 per cent of those in rural India have no access to soap after toilet use, and even in urban areas almost 14 per cent of the population does not have both bathroom and toilet within the household premises ( Government of India, National Sample Survey Office, 2018 : 38). Lingam and Sapkal (2020 : 177) identified poverty as a key pandemic mortality factor spanning three differentials: exposure

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Mel Bunce

). Photography helped to overcome this barrier: what Scarry has called ‘pain’s inexpressibility’ and resistance to ‘verbal objectification’ ( 1987 ). During a devastating famine in India in 1876–8, a British military official took a series of photographs depicting extremely emaciated men, women and children, and these had a profound impact on the way British elites and audiences mobilised and responded to the famine ( Twomey, 2015 ). Twomey argues that this crisis introduced the practice of displaying shocking images as ‘evidence’ of bodily suffering

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Hakim Khaldi

medical supplies to some of these areas, but only by negotiating with Damascus would it be possible to get aid through in sufficient quantity and of acceptable quality. Various attempts were made to contact the Syrian authorities using a number of channels that I have split into three categories: attempts at direct contact, the ‘BRICS’ (Brazil, Russia, China, India, South Africa) card and the Russian option. This article does not cover the full range of initiatives undertaken

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

, including 31 million in India, 8 million in Bangladesh and 1.7 million in Nepal, with 1.5 million homes destroyed and more than 2.4 million hectares of croplands lost ( UNICEF, 2017 ). The third challenging dynamic involves the growing risk of violence directed towards the humanitarian mission and the approach now required to protect all people involved in the response programme. Civilians are being targeted and used as human shields or forced into the field of battle and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
An Interview with Celso Amorim, Former Brazilian Foreign Minister
Juliano Fiori

received in Africa. The [late Kenyan] professor Calestous Juma once said that ‘For every African problem, there is a Brazilian solution.’ This is of course an exaggeration, but Brazil is generally well received in Africa. So we have potential to make a positive contribution – more than many other countries. We don’t face any serious external threats. India, for example, has an ongoing conflict with Pakistan, and it has had confrontations with China. South Africa doesn’t have the size, nor is it well located geographically. There is going to be a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs