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1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

Introduction One of the goals of the photographers hired by the Canadian International Development Agency (CIDA) during the 1990s and 2000s was to create images for the education of children and youth. For twenty years, CIDA sent these reproductions of images to schools in a multitude of formats, from magazines to videos, slide shows, games, picture books, and maps, produced in collaboration with academic specialists in education and the National Film Board of Canada (NFB). The attention and resources the international agency invested in the dissemination

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
A Belated but Welcome Theory of Change on Mental Health and Development
Laura Davidson

Introduction The UK government’s controversial decision to disband the Department for International Development (DfID) in June 2020 drew widespread condemnation ( UK Government Spending Review, 2020 ). However, two weeks prior to its merger with the Foreign and Commonwealth Office, DfID published a new Theory of Change (ToC) on mental health for the international development sector – its last stand as a unitary body ( DfID, 2020 ). Despite the importance of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

one was asked to apologise, but was allowed to keep his job ( Parker, 2018 ). The woman who had raised these concerns, Amira Malik Miller, had been subsequently working for the Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (SIDA) when she saw Van Hauwermeiren’s name listed as the Oxfam country director in Chad; she had raised concerns both with Oxfam and with SIDA, who were an Oxfam funder, but these had been ignored ( Ratcliffe, 2018 ). Astonishingly, Oxfam, when

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

core text for final-year undergraduate students reading International Development Studies and International Relations at the University of Portsmouth. My module on ‘Rethinking Aid and Development’ explores the implications of decolonial engagement with ideas and practices of international solidarity. Students have said: ‘We should be assigned readings like this from year one.’ So I ask the question here: ‘What if we were to start our humanitarian conversation with Sabaratnam?’ Of course, other works have questioned the value of international

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

evaluations which are done are often not available to the public. This result highlighted how a synthesis of existing evaluations may support these organisations to make better-informed decisions. Thereafter, the following steps of identifying evaluation reports from South Sudan were undertaken, which were more informal in nature. Requests for evaluation reports were sent to two mailing lists of development practitioners (Pelican, which is UK-based, and the Canadian Association of International Development Professionals). This process resulted in the sharing of 15 reports

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

at that time included the DFAT (Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade) innovation Xchange (AU$140 million), the DFAT Pacific Sports for Development Partnership Innovation Fund (AU$29 million), Elrha’s Humanitarian Innovation Fund (co-sponsored by DFID (Department for International Development), the Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs and SIDA) (GB£50,000–150,000 per recipient), the UNICEF Innovation Fund (raised US$9 million), the WFP Cooperating Partners Innovation Fund (US$1 million

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

treat such campaigns as critical risks to their work and ethical beliefs, and to conceptions of global solidarity. The second field report by Davidson focuses on the issue of mental health that is often neglected in aid and humanitarian interventions. Ironically, as one of its last acts before being disbanded by the UK government, the Department for International Development (DfID) published what the report regards as a useful theory of change for mental health, with pathways to achieve desired

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Valérie Gorin and Sönke Kunkel

tracks the much neglected history of Red Cross museums throughout the twentieth century, showing that the newer approach of public history may open a productive line of inquiry on the history of humanitarian communication. Finally, Dominique Marshall’s piece explores the history of the Canadian International Development Agency, examining and reflecting on the uses and impacts of its ‘Photo Library’. The four historical essays are sided by conversations with communication practitioners or image

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

reaching out, discovery and recalibration. Such constructivist assumptions regarding human learning have long operated as place-holders for the arrival of machine-thinking. 12 Running parallel with early computer programming, by the 1980s constructivism was also appearing in the form of progressive pro-poor international development. Michael Edwards (1987) , for example, in his celebrated piece, The Irrelevance of Development Studies , rehearses the late-modern antagonism towards professional knowledge using the post-humanist premise that the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

Disaster, have created an app for a wearable device like Google Glass. Quick Disaster provides guidance and information on rescue procedures for nine different disaster types and sends its GPS location to response teams. Quick Disaster can also be integrated with social media to inform others about the user’s situation’ ( The Aid & International Development Forum, 2015 ). The same disconnect appears here: ‘Safelet and Cuff are GPS-equipped bracelets with integrated

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs