Open Access (free)
An actor-network theory perspective
Author: Roslyn Kerr

In today’s world, we are offered a constantly expanding number of technologies to integrate into our lives. We now utilise a range of interconnected technologies at work, at home and at leisure. The realm of sport is no exception, where new technologies or enhancements are available to athletes, coaches, scientists, umpires, governing bodies and broadcasters. However, this book argues that in a world where time has become a precious commodity and numerous options are always on offer, functionality is no longer enough to drive their usage within elite sports training, competition and broadcasting. Consistent with an actor-network theory approach as developed by Bruno Latour, John Law, Michele Callon and Annemarie Mol, the book shows how those involved in sport must grapple with a unique set of understandings and connections in order to determine the best combination of technologies and other factors to serve their particular purpose. This book uses a case study approach to demonstrate how there are multiple explanations and factors at play in the use of technology that cannot be reduced to singular explanations like performance enhancement or commercialisation. Specific cases examined include doping, swimsuits, GPS units, Hawk-Eye and kayaks, along with broader areas such as the use of sports scientists in training and the integration of new enhancements in broadcasting. In all cases, the book demonstrates how multiple actors can affect the use or non-use of technology.

Open Access (free)
Theatre and the politics of engagement
Author: Simon Parry

This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.

Open Access (free)
John J. Hurt

magistrates to try again. To prevent this, d’Argenson had to reach quickly into a far corner of the realm and silence the Bretons once and for all. The second problem was how to deal with the national debt and, more specifically, what to do about the augmentations de gages of the judges. John Law inherited this problem, as after the lit de justice he set about reconstructing the economy and finances of the realm. The foreigner whom the magistrates of Paris had so grievously antagonized ended up with the power to pay, or not to pay, their augmentations de gages. On the other

in Louis XIV and the parlements
John J. Hurt

supporter of John Law, he seemed fully capable of overcoming the Parlement of Paris, as though born for the moment. He had clashed with the tribunal over jurisdiction and assembled embarrassing personal files on some of its magistrates, as they had reason to know. In 1716 the Parlement, seeking its revenge, attempted to try him for embezzlement and fraud, a fate from which the regent providentially rescued him; but the experience naturally made him more hostile than ever towards the judges. In the summer of 1718, d’Argenson assumed the key role in the regency’s decisive

in Louis XIV and the parlements
The bid for cooperation
John J. Hurt

; and this sober assessment, although apparently well received, undermined his standing with the regent in ways that he did not then perceive. Orléans had already turned to the Scottish financier John Law for more imaginative solutions. Unaware that the ground was shifting beneath his feet, Noailles forged ahead.22 In August, the regent approved Noailles’s ‘great edict’, the name it acquired from its seventeen lengthy articles intended to reform royal finances and to stimulate the national economy. It was also called the dixième edict, since it exempted real property

in Louis XIV and the parlements
Open Access (free)
Agency in the Finnsburg episode
Mary Kate Hurley

translation: domestication of the scallops and the fishermen of St Brieuc Bay’, in John Law (ed.), Power, action, and belief: a new sociology of knowledge? (New York: Routledge, 1986), pp. 196–233; and John Law, ‘Notes on the theory of actor-network: ordering, strategy and heterogeneity’, Systems practice , 5.4 (1992), 379–93. 5 Major readings of Hildeburh's role in the Finnsburg episode include Jane Chance, Woman as hero in Old English

in Dating Beowulf
Roslyn Kerr

have noted that ANT and Foucauldian theory hold a number of similarities, most importantly their understanding of power; indeed, one of the most prominent ANT theorists, John Law, claims that ANT owes a debt to Foucault in this regard (Law, 1992 ). However, in line with the ANT perspective discussed throughout this book, ANT goes further than Foucault in arguing for the significance of non-humans as actors in the workings of society. Foucault argued that power reaches bodies through what he terms ‘dispositives

in Sport and technology
Future Earth, co-production and the experimental life of a global institution
Eleanor Hadley Kershaw

6 Leviathan and the hybrid network: Future Earth, co-production and the experimental life of a global institution Eleanor Hadley Kershaw In the opening words of A Sociology of Monsters, John Law caricatures a middle-class white male, middle-aged, non-disabled person’s perspective on the history of sociology: ‘We founded ourselves on class; then, at a much later date we learned a little about ethnicity; more recently we discovered gender; and more recently still we learned something … about age and disability’ (Law, 1991: 1). Thus, the hypothetical sociologist

in Science and the politics of openness
Open Access (free)
David Larsson Heidenblad

och/eller politik? Om gränsteorier och utredningsväsendets vetenskapshistoria’, in Bosse Sundin and Maria Göransdotter, Mångsysslare och gränsöverskridare: 13 uppsatser i idéhistoria (Umeå: Umeå University, 2008) . 23 Bruno Latour, Science in Action: How to Follow Scientists and Engineers through Society (Cambridge, MA: Harvard University Press, 1987) ; John Law and John Hassard, Actor Network Theory and After (Oxford: Blackwell, 1999) ; Nina Wormbs, Vem älskade

in The environmental turn in postwar Sweden
Data becoming risk information
Nathaniel O’Grady

( 2012 ) describes information as a point of coherence and beauty amidst the chaotic, self-fulfilling operations of the digital world. If we were to apply this to the spectrum Dodge and Kitchin have developed, information combines scattered data to create meaning. As John Law (2002) and James Ash ( 2014 ) have noted, data are characterised by homeomorphism wherein they change form and meaning as they are processed

in Security/ Mobility