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Introduction and overview

A new labour market segmentation approach 1 A new labour market segmentation approach for analysing inequalities: introduction and overview Damian Grimshaw, Colette Fagan, Gail Hebson and Isabel Tavora There is a real need for a new multi-dimensional approach to understanding inequalities in work and employment. Faced with the pressures of globalisation, liberalisation of markets and periodic economic crises, many societies around the world have forged fragile compromises that are fundamentally incompatible with the goals of making the distribution of

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A new labour market segmentation approach

This book presents new theories and international empirical evidence on the state of work and employment around the world. Changes in production systems, economic conditions and regulatory conditions are posing new questions about the growing use by employers of precarious forms of work, the contradictory approaches of governments towards employment and social policy, and the ability of trade unions to improve the distribution of decent employment conditions. Designed as a tribute to the highly influential contributions of Jill Rubery, the book proposes a ‘new labour market segmentation approach’ for the investigation of issues of job quality, employment inequalities, and precarious work. This approach is distinctive in seeking to place the changing international patterns and experiences of labour market inequalities in the wider context of shifting gender relations, regulatory regimes and production structures.

Theories and evidence

of unemployment had necessarily to be revised, and with this change, the concept of segmentation (in its most simplistic version of duality) eventually became the reference point for new discussions. As we shall see, the interpretation of segmentation by neoclassical economists is completely different from the heterodox view developed by Jill Rubery (Rubery, 1978; Rubery, 1992; Rubery and Wilkinson, 1994) and other members of the International Working Party on Labour Market Segmentation  (IWPLMS) (Wilkinson, 1981; see Chapter 1). This approach suggested alternative

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Conceptual and ethodological challenges for comparative analysis

personality evolved and contributed to the inclusion of personality measures in large data sets. This example illustrates that consensus can and should be achieved in defining and measuring highly complex phenomena. Against this background, in the section titled ‘A multi-level model for the measurement of job quality’ we propose a conceptual framework that aims at a better articulation of job quality by positioning it within macro drivers such as employment protection legislation, welfare regimes and labour market segmentation. Much in the spirit of the societal system

in Making work more equal
The effects of gender, households and ethnicity

relates to family background, a gender segregated labour market and the role of ethnicity. The economic crisis has exacerbated these disadvantages. The interdependency of 250 Making work more equal these dimensions subject young people to differing degrees of vulnerability to unemployment and precariousness in the labour market, depending on where they live and with whom. Surprisingly, little attention has been given to bringing together some of these distinct strands of research on new patterns of vulnerability and labour market segmentation that include an

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Implications for jobs and inequality

extensive work on labour market segmentation, Rubery also emphasised that employers as a whole do not have a unified set of interests. Networked organisation: implications for jobs and inequality 71 As she and her colleagues wrote in Fragmenting Work: Blurring Organizational Boundaries and Disordering Hierarchies: The situating of employing organisations in a web of inter-organisational relations provides a framework through which we can understand the development of employment relations in the context of the restructuring of capital–capital relations. The twin

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skills, experience and the firm’s specific capabilities, making them valuable to the firm, than with EPL. As labour market segmentation theory has long made clear, multiple factors lead to the differentiation of employment conditions and rewards and it is worker–capital divisions, rather than employment regulation, which are the main source of inequalities in the labour market (Rubery and Piasna, 2016). With increasing competition from low-cost countries in ‘mature’ products, and the swift path of technological change, even core male workers employed in sectors no

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organisational ­hierarchies, feminisation, formal and informal labour market segmentation, flexibility and liberal market economic regimes. It reviews the notion of fair Challenges for fair voice in liberal market economies 91 voice via a discussion of three key challenges. Firstly, it challenges simplistic definitions which treat fair voice as a uni-dimensional concept by showing how formal/informal and direct/representative practices operate beyond and within organisations in LMEs. These include European Works Councils (EWCs), partnership agreements, joint consultative

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Diversification and the rise of fragmented time systems

of change rather than analysis of its causes and consequences. The chapter draws on reflection by numerous scholars, but it is particularly indebted to the rich vein of research from a labour market segmentation perspective (see Chapter 1), as it has been revised and reformulated in order to overcome the weaknesses of dualistic versions (Rubery, 2005a). The first section, ‘What is working-time flexibility?’, examines how flexible working-time arrangements fit within the context of the traditional regulatory system, before outlining a conceptual framework that can

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A critical reassessment

cent and profits thirty per cent, they shifted drastically thereafter, until the profits share from non-agricultural activities was virtually equal to the wage share in the year 2000.26 On the other hand, factor income inequality was accompanied by increased disparities in incomes, including wages. The Irish labour market became more segmented during the growth phase of the 1990s, with a clear distinction between high-waged core jobs and low-waged peripheral jobs. As labour market segmentation became more pronounced, income distributions became more unequal. The

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