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Colonial powers and Ethiopian frontiers 1880–1884 is the fourth volume of Acta Aethiopica, a series that presents original Ethiopian documents of nineteenth-century Ethiopian history with English translations and scholarly notes. The documents have been collected from dozens of archives in Africa and Europe to recover and present the Ethiopian voice in the history of Ethiopia in the nineteenth century. The present book, the first Acta Aethiopica volume to appear from Lund University Press, deals with how Ethiopian rulers related to colonial powers in their attempts to open Ethiopia for trade and technological development while preserving the integrity and independence of their country. In addition to the correspondence and treatises with the rulers and representatives of Italy, Egypt and Great Britain, the volume also presents letters dealing with ecclesiastical issues, including the Ethiopian community in Jerusalem.

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Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

as a trader and messenger of Minīlik in relation to Maḥammad Ḥanfadhē and the rulers along the coast as well as the Italians. He is sometimes referred to as Gīyorgīs Gebre Sillasē or Gīyorgīs Nigusē. 93 RUBENSON TEXT.indd 93 03/02/2021 13:53 Document no. 79 Minīlik II to François Soumagne, 7 March 1882 Please forward my let­ter to Grévy. You al­ready know, per­haps, what has hap­pened to my subjects and tribu­tary chiefs at the hands of the Egyptians. I have been the friend of the Egyp­tians until now. I have never sought conflict with them. I have even sent

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

Document no. 105 Ḥamad La’īta to Giulio Pestalozza, 9 Jan. [1883] And now, the message comes from Ḥamad La’īta to Mr. Pestalozza, the Governor (ḥākim) of Aseb, if you inquire about us, we are well. We would like to inform you that we are sending you this letter to announce that the delegation to Sultan Maḥammad Ḥanfadhē has left. Until I came to you a monthly payment has to be made for the months I have been away from you, counted according to the rules kept by you. And my arrival shall be soon, after our work is finished, and our money is collected from [the

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

Document no. 152 Maḥammad Ḥanfadhē to Giovanni Branchi, 28 Jan. 1884 200 RUBENSON TEXT.indd 200 03/02/2021 13:53 To His Excellency, the most noble and most honoured, the beloved and respected Consul of Aseb. May God Almighty lead him. Amen. If you ask about us and those who take refuge with us, we are well and healthy, and we are not concerned about anything except you and your well-being which is the ultimate aim and desire of the Lord of the faithful. These lines are dispatched from Sinkara, the protected; all the information we have is good and

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884
Open Access (free)
Sven Rubenson, Amsalu Aklilu, Shiferaw Bekele, and Samuel Shiferaw 

to be released as soon he was informed (see doc. 51), it is evident that he had no sympathy for them. In fact, the letter reiterates what Yohannis had already written in 1872 about the Catholics meddling in Ethiopian politics and supporting his rivals. See Acta III, docs 88 and 100. 59 RUBENSON TEXT.indd 59 03/02/2021 13:53 Document no. 47 Maḥammad Ḥanfadhē to Louis Auguste Brémond, June 1881 In the name of God, the compassionate and mer­ci­ful. Praise be to God alone and blessings and peace be upon him after whom there is no pro­ phet, and upon his com

in Colonial Powers and Ethiopian Frontiers 1880–1884