This book presents an overview of Jean–Jacques Rousseau's work from a political science perspective. Was Rousseau — the great theorist of the French Revolution—really a conservative? The text argues that the author of ‘The Social Contract’ was a constitutionalist much closer to Madison, Montesquieu, and Locke than to revolutionaries. Outlining his profound opposition to Godless materialism and revolutionary change, this book finds parallels between Rousseau and Burke, as well as showing that Rousseau developed the first modern theory of nationalism. It presents an integrated political analysis of Rousseau's educational, ethical, religious and political writings.
. Among the latter we may cite Aristotle,
Cicero, Locke, Montesquieu, Madison, Hayek and possibly even
Machiavelli (McCormick 2001: 297).
Like all dichotomies this one stretches reality, and may become
inaccurate and even absurd when applied too rigorously. However, as a
heuristic device it may serve a purpose, namely by identifying the common
denominators which we might otherwise overlook. Moreover, this
distinction can even be found in the empirical literature (Ertmann 1997),
as well as theorists have used the distinction for hundreds of years. Thus
in 1476 the
This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen
science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth
age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within
environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists
have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging
in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics
has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of
science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living
with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary
contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American
hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental
controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,”
citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding
toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory
environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing,
witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for
seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of
engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of
critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will
also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the
book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues,
as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen
science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors
in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from
emerging scholars and community activists.
Applications; Freedom to Attach Personal
Devices; Freedom to Obtain Service Plan Information. 20
The ‘Four Freedoms’
were formalised as regulatory policy in the FCC Internet Policy
Statement of August 2005. 21
In Madison River , 22 the FCC enforced these policy principles.
Madison River is a small consumer IAP and
like John F. Kennedy – understood that sacrifice is a
necessary part of a working polity. He was never an institutionalist (like
Madison or Mill), though he greatly admired Montesquieu. He approvingly
cited the latter’s observation – from Considérations sur les causes de la
grandeur des Romains et leur décadance – that ‘at the birth of societies it is
the legislators who shape the institutions, after that it is the institutions
who shape the legislators’ (III: 381). (Although he also stressed that
institutions were not the only factors to shape the law
failed political doctrines.
This book is based on the premise – to be supported in the text – that
Rousseau speaks through the ages. It seeks to show that Rousseau, while he
may not have the answers to contemporary problems, at the very least
provides new angles and perspectives on the debate. By failing to take
these contributions seriously we rob ourselves of an important source of
inspiration when we deal with the political problems of our times. Of
course, Rousseau is not the only thinker to inspire. Marx, Plato, Smith,
Aristotle, Madison, Hobbes, Hegel and Locke
’ in the Book of Ecclesiastes. And local
newspapers like the Jackson Clarion Ledger and Madison County
Journal continue to credit A Time To Kill with
‘bringing [Canton’s] residents closer together . . . across
racial boundaries [more] than any other experience in the city’s
history’. 40 Filmmakers
and audiences are only just beginning to excavate the layers of film and
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
/info-9-2-06’, ICTR, 29 April 1996.
T. Cruvellier, Court of Remorse inside the International Criminal Tribunal
for Rwanda (trans. C. Voss) (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press,
2010), p. 13.
This included the expulsion of dozens of NGOs in December 1995, the
slow pace of the ICTR’s work, and the meagre financial assistance provided to the new regime in contrast to the aid given to refugee camps.
M. Klinkner, ‘Forensic science expertise for international criminal proceedings: an old problem, a new context and a pragmatic resolution’,
International Journal of Evidence
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Ibid., p. 39.
100 Vidal, ‘Le commémoration du génocide’, p. 578.
101 J. Meierhenrich, ‘Topographies of remembering and forgetting:
the transformation of lieux de mémoire in Rwanda’, in S. Straus &
L. Waldorf (eds), Remaking Rwanda: State Building and Human Rights
After Mass Violence (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011),
pp. 283–96, p. 290; R. Ibreck, ‘The politics of mourning: survivor contributions to memorials in post-genocide Rwanda’, Memory Studies,
3:4 (2010), pp. 330–43, at p. 334.
102 van’t Spijker, Les Usages funeraires, p. 61.
103 Vidal, ‘Le
Why modern African economies are dependent on mineral resources
forms of property, and other industries.
Ally, Russel (1994). Gold and Empire:The Bank of England and South Africa's Gold Producers, 1886–1926,
Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press
Bayart, Jean-Francois (1993). The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly, London: Longman
Beinart, William (1982). Political Economy of Pondoland, 1860 to 1930, Johannesburg:
Cambridge University Press
Berry, Sara (1993). No Condition Is Permanent: The Social Dynamics of Agrarian Change in Sub-Saharan
Africa, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press