The impossibility of reason
Author: Mads Qvortrup

This book presents an overview of Jean–Jacques Rousseau's work from a political science perspective. Was Rousseau — the great theorist of the French Revolution—really a conservative? The text argues that the author of ‘The Social Contract’ was a constitutionalist much closer to Madison, Montesquieu, and Locke than to revolutionaries. Outlining his profound opposition to Godless materialism and revolutionary change, this book finds parallels between Rousseau and Burke, as well as showing that Rousseau developed the first modern theory of nationalism. It presents an integrated political analysis of Rousseau's educational, ethical, religious and political writings.

Rousseau as a constitutionalist
Mads Qvortrup

. Among the latter we may cite Aristotle, Cicero, Locke, Montesquieu, Madison, Hayek and possibly even Machiavelli (McCormick 2001: 297). Like all dichotomies this one stretches reality, and may become inaccurate and even absurd when applied too rigorously. However, as a heuristic device it may serve a purpose, namely by identifying the common denominators which we might otherwise overlook. Moreover, this distinction can even be found in the empirical literature (Ertmann 1997), as well as theorists have used the distinction for hundreds of years. Thus in 1476 the

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Open Access (free)
Environmental justice and citizen science in a post-truth age
Editors: Thom Davies and Alice Mah

This book examines the relationship between environmental justice and citizen science, focusing on enduring issues and new challenges in a post-truth age. Debates over science, facts, and values have always been pivotal within environmental justice struggles. For decades, environmental justice activists have campaigned against the misuses of science, while at the same time engaging in community-led citizen science. However, post-truth politics has threatened science itself. This book makes the case for the importance of science, knowledge, and data that are produced by and for ordinary people living with environmental risks and hazards. The international, interdisciplinary contributions range from grassroots environmental justice struggles in American hog country and contaminated indigenous communities, to local environmental controversies in Spain and China, to questions about “knowledge justice,” citizenship, participation, and data in citizen science surrounding toxicity. The book features inspiring studies of community-based participatory environmental health and justice research; different ways of sensing, witnessing, and interpreting environmental injustice; political strategies for seeking environmental justice; and ways of expanding the concepts and forms of engagement of citizen science around the world. While the book will be of critical interest to specialists in social and environmental sciences, it will also be accessible to graduate and postgraduate audiences. More broadly, the book will appeal to members of the public interested in social justice issues, as well as community members who are thinking about participating in citizen science and activism. Toxic Truths includes distinguished contributing authors in the field of environmental justice, alongside cutting-edge research from emerging scholars and community activists.

Christopher T. Marsden

Applications; Freedom to Attach Personal Devices; Freedom to Obtain Service Plan Information. 20 The ‘Four Freedoms’ were formalised as regulatory policy in the FCC Internet Policy Statement of August 2005. 21 In Madison River , 22 the FCC enforced these policy principles. Madison River is a small consumer IAP and

in Network neutrality
Mads Qvortrup

like John F. Kennedy – understood that sacrifice is a necessary part of a working polity. He was never an institutionalist (like Madison or Mill), though he greatly admired Montesquieu. He approvingly cited the latter’s observation – from Considérations sur les causes de la grandeur des Romains et leur décadance – that ‘at the birth of societies it is the legislators who shape the institutions, after that it is the institutions who shape the legislators’ (III: 381). (Although he also stressed that institutions were not the only factors to shape the law

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Open Access (free)
Mads Qvortrup

failed political doctrines. This book is based on the premise – to be supported in the text – that Rousseau speaks through the ages. It seeks to show that Rousseau, while he may not have the answers to contemporary problems, at the very least provides new angles and perspectives on the debate. By failing to take these contributions seriously we rob ourselves of an important source of inspiration when we deal with the political problems of our times. Of course, Rousseau is not the only thinker to inspire. Marx, Plato, Smith, Aristotle, Madison, Hobbes, Hegel and Locke

in The political philosophy of Jean-Jacques Rousseau
Open Access (free)
Civil rites of passage
Sharon Monteith

’ in the Book of Ecclesiastes. And local newspapers like the Jackson Clarion Ledger and Madison County Journal continue to credit A Time To Kill with ‘bringing [Canton’s] residents closer together . . . across racial boundaries [more] than any other experience in the city’s history’. 40 Filmmakers and audiences are only just beginning to excavate the layers of film and

in Memory and popular film
Open Access (free)
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
Rémi Korman

/info-9-2-06’, ICTR, 29 April 1996. T. Cruvellier, Court of Remorse inside the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda (trans. C. Voss) (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2010), p. 13. This included the expulsion of dozens of NGOs in December 1995, the slow pace of the ICTR’s work, and the meagre financial assistance provided to the new regime in contrast to the aid given to refugee camps. M. Klinkner, ‘Forensic science expertise for international criminal proceedings: an old problem, a new context and a pragmatic resolution’, International Journal of Evidence

in Human remains and identification
The disposal of bodies in the 1994 Rwandan genocide
Nigel Eltringham

Ibid., p. 39. 100 Vidal, ‘Le commémoration du génocide’, p. 578. 101 J. Meierhenrich, ‘Topographies of remembering and forgetting: the transformation of lieux de mémoire in Rwanda’, in S. Straus & L. Waldorf (eds), Remaking Rwanda: State Building and Human Rights After Mass Violence (Madison: University of Wisconsin Press, 2011), pp. 283–96, p. 290; R. Ibreck, ‘The politics of mourning: survivor contributions to memorials in post-genocide Rwanda’, Memory Studies, 3:4 (2010), pp. 330–43, at p. 334. 102 van’t Spijker, Les Usages funeraires, p. 61. 103 Vidal, ‘Le

in Human remains and mass violence
Why modern African economies are dependent on mineral resources
Keith Breckenridge

forms of property, and other industries. References Ally, Russel (1994). Gold and Empire:The Bank of England and South Africa's Gold Producers, 1886–1926, Johannesburg: Witwatersrand University Press Bayart, Jean-Francois (1993). The State in Africa: The Politics of the Belly, London: Longman Beinart, William (1982). Political Economy of Pondoland, 1860 to 1930, Johannesburg: Cambridge University Press Berry, Sara (1993). No Condition Is Permanent: The Social Dynamics of Agrarian Change in Sub-Saharan Africa, Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin Press Breckenridge

in History, historians and development policy