Soaking up the rays forges a new path for exploring Britain’s fickle love of the light by investigating the beginnings of light therapy in the country from c.1890-1940. Despite rapidly becoming a leading treatment for tuberculosis, rickets and other infections and skin diseases, light therapy was a contentious medical practice. Bodily exposure to light, whether for therapeutic or aesthetic ends, persists as a contested subject to this day: recommended to counter psoriasis and other skin conditions as well as Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD) and depression; closely linked to notions of beauty, happiness and well-being, fuelling tourism to sunny locales abroad and the tanning industry at home; and yet with repeated health warnings that it is a dangerous carcinogen. By analysing archival photographs, illustrated medical texts, advertisements, lamps, and goggles and their visual representation of how light acted upon the body, Woloshyn assesses their complicated contribution to the founding of light therapy. Soaking up the rays will appeal to those intrigued by medicine’s visual culture, especially academics and students of the histories of art and visual culture, material cultures, medicine, science and technology, and popular culture.
Contextualising colonial and post-colonial nursing
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins
what is particular and what is more universal about nursing’s uptake and development in different countries,
but also enables us to explore different methodological approaches
Helen Sweet and Sue Hawkins
to the subject, as has already been the case with the fast-developing
field of ‘medicalhumanities’ for some time. This multifaceted view
of colonial and post-colonial nursing, therefore, brings together contributions from scholars working in different disciplines and from a
variety of perspectives, geographical, historiographical and, to some
looked to influential scholars of art history and visual culture, especially
those with interests in the history of medicine and the medicalhumanities. 57
Championing visual approaches to enrich our understanding of medicine, as
Jordanova has called for, Soaking Up the Rays urges scholars with an
interest in medical history to pay closer attention to its visual culture.
of historians and researchers in the medicalhumanities have drawn attention to the ‘rich and complex interplay’ between various scientific and cultural ‘languages and systems of representation’ operating in the late nineteenth century.
The fin-de-siècle preoccupation with fatigue is here treated in these terms: not simply as the consequence of certain scientific ideas or empirical findings, nor as an isolated cultural phenomenon, but as the result of a complex exchange of ideas, images, and concepts
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts
provoke the behaviour of adolescents.
What I am instead arguing is that a certain strand of thinking about malleability becomes influential and intertwined with certain philosophical approaches in the history of medicine and wider medicalhumanities. Cohn describes a certain kind of anthropological history, reading it explicitly against ideas of ‘nature’:
All culture is constructed. It is the product of human thought. This product may over time become fixed ways
symposium. For an overview, see Abi McNiven, ‘Critical
MedicalHumanities Symposium – Review’. Available online at http://
medicalhumanities.wordpress.com (accessed 6 February 2014).
73 Joan Scott, ‘History-Writing as Critique’, in Jenkins et al. (eds),
Manifestos for History, pp. 19–39.
74 See Sheila Jasanoff (ed), States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of
Science and the Social Order (London: Routledge, 2004).
75 On the co-production of biological and ethical norms, see Jasanoff,
‘Making the Facts of Life’; Giuseppe Testa, ‘More than Just a Nucleus:
Cloning and the
Applied drama, ‘sympathetic presence’ and person-centred nursing
Matt Jennings, Pat Deeny and Karl Tizzard-Kleister
demonstrate their clinical skills through evaluation processes like the Objective Structured Clinical Examination (OSCE), which includes elements of simulation and role play.
There has been little crossover to date between the specific practice of health care simulation and the broader social practices of applied drama. Applied drama interventions that do engage with health care training often seek to support the development of creativity and empathy in general terms, in line with the idea that the medicalhumanities can help to humanise medicine (White, 2009 ; Baxter
Nina Jablonski, Living Color: The Biological and Social Meaning of
Skin Color ( Berkeley, Calif. :
University of California Press, 2012); Roberta Bivins, ‘ Ideology and
Disease Identity: The Politics of Rickets, 1929–1982 ’,
MedicalHumanities , 40:1 (2014), 3–10. On race and
photography, see Tanya Sheehan, Doctored: The Medicine of Photography
in Nineteenth-Century America
Africa’, Journal of MedicalHumanities 19,
4 (1998): 257–77; Christina Twomey, ‘“Double displacement”: Western
nurses return home from Japanese internment camps in Second World
War’, Gender and History 21, 3 (2009): 670–84; Roland Sintos Coloma,
‘“White gazes, brown breasts”: Imperial feminism and disciplining desires
and bodies in colonial encounters’, Paedagogica Historica: International
Journal of the History of Education 48, 2 (2012): 243–61; Angharad Fletcher,
‘Sisters behind the wire: Reappraising Australian military nursing and
internment in the Pacific during