‘Are you still my brother?’

In this study, the various aspects of the way the Jews regarded themselves in the context of the lapse into another religion will be researched fully for the first time. We will attempt to understand whether they regarded the issue of conversion with self-confidence or with suspicion, whether their attitude was based on a clear theological position or on doubt and the coping with the problem as part of the process of socialization will be fully analysed. In this way, we will better understand how the Jews saw their own identity whilst living as a minority among the Christian majority, whose own self-confidence was constantly becoming stronger from the 10th to the 14th century until they eventually ousted the Jews completely from the places they lived in, England, France and large parts of Germany. This aspect of Jewish self-identification, written by a person who converted to Christianity, can help clarify a number of

Two case studies
Florence Carré
Aminte Thomann
, and
Yves-Marie Adrian

In Normandy, near Rouen, in Tournedos-sur-Seine and Val-de-Reuil, two adult skeletons thrown into wells during the Middle Ages have been studied. The wells are located at two separate sites just 3 km apart. Both sites consist of clustered settlements inhabited from the seventh to the tenth century and arranged around a cemetery. The backfill of the well shafts contains animal remains, but also partially or completely articulated human bodies. In Val-de-Reuil, the incomplete skeleton of a man, probably representing a secondary deposition, had traces of a violent blow on the skull, certainly with a blunt weapon. In Tournedos-sur-Seine, a woman thrown in headfirst had several impact points and bone fractures on the skull that could have been caused by perimortem mistreatment or a violent death. After a detailed description of the two finds and a contextualisation in the light of similar published cases, we will discuss the possible scenarios for the death and deposition of the individuals as well as their place in their communities.

Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal

This is a study of noblewomen in twelfth-century England and Normandy, and of the ways in which they exercised power. It draws on a mix of evidence to offer a reconceptualization of women's role in aristocratic society, and in doing so suggests new ways of looking at lordship and the ruling elite in the high Middle Ages. The book considers a wide range of literary sources—such as chronicles, charters, seals and governmental records—to draw out a detailed picture of noblewomen in the twelfth-century Anglo-Norman realm. It asserts the importance of the life-cycle in determining the power of these aristocratic women, thereby demonstrating that the influence of gender on lordship was profound, complex and varied.

Middle-Aged Syrian Women’s Contributions to Family Livelihoods during Protracted Displacement in Jordan
Dina Sidhva
Ann-Christin Zuntz
Ruba al Akash
Ayat Nashwan
, and
Areej Al-Majali

households. It zooms in on a different group – middle-aged women – and their affective and economic relationships with younger daughters and daughters-in-law. Drawing on life history interviews and focus group discussions with seventeen Syrian women in Jordan in spring 2019, this article explores the diverse monetary and non-monetary contributions of middle-aged women to the livelihoods of refugee families. For the sake of this article, we understand ‘middle-aged’ women as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle
Sarah Martin
, and
Henri Myrttinen

private contractors – often European, North American, South African or Australian ex-military and ex-police, and predominantly male, white, able-bodied, middle-aged and enacting cis-gendered, heterosexual militarised masculinities. 22 The first security trainings were developed in the mid-1990s, following on the heels of manuals like Save the Children’s Safety First ( 2010 (revised edition; first published 1995)) and ICRC’s Staying Alive ( 2006 (revised edition; first published as a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
Klaus Neumann

Mission Lifeline’s Lifeline , who was tried in a Maltese court in 2018–19, seemed to be in a much better position to appeal to mainstream Germans, being middle-aged, male and a self-confessed conservative who used to vote for the Christian Social Union; however, his court case had not attracted nearly as much attention as Rackete’s. Third, particularly vulnerable, innocent and/or deserving victims, whose mediatised suffering often prompts an outpouring of public emotion, were never the focus of the narrative about the Sea-Watch 3 . By the time the boat entered the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
witchcraft on the borderline of religion and magic
Éva Pócs

-Pirgova describes similar interconnections between Bulgarian Muslims and Orthodox Bulgarians. 12 With his practising of magic, healing and divination, the figure of the Romanian priest resembles the ‘Christian magicians’ of the Western Middle Ages, as Valerie Flint termed those figures working on the borderline of magic and religion. Flint describes magician-priests from the fourth to the fifth centuries, who conducted ‘sanctified magical

in Witchcraft Continued
Aurélie Griffin

closet drama Love’s Victory and her sonnet sequence, Pamphilia to Amphilanthus, all deal with love melancholy, and consistently evoke its effects over the characters in terms of an opposition between the ‘external’ and the ‘internal senses’. This distinction was formulated by Thomas Aquinas in the Middle Ages and had an important influence on Renaissance medicine, as I will demonstrate. I will then examine several examples taken first from Urania, then from Love’s Victory, and finally from Pamphilia to Amphilanthus, which best illustrate Wroth’s understanding of love

in The senses in early modern England, 1558–1660
Hans Peter Broedel

TMM6 8/30/03 5:37 PM Page 122 6 Witchcraft: the formation of belief – part two In the previous chapter we examined how motifs drawn from traditional beliefs about spectral night-traveling women informed the construction of learned witch categories in the late Middle Ages. Although the precise manner in which these motifs were utilized differed between authorities, two general mental habits set off fifteenth-century witch-theorists from earlier writers. First, they elided the distinctions between previously discrete sets of beliefs to create a substantially

in The Malleus Maleficarum and the construction of witchcraft
Martin D. Moore

mental health problems. The creation of the NHS and post-war welfare state brought political attention to these populations, just as new techniques for assessing mortality and morbidity drew medical interest to long-term conditions of the middle-aged. 5 Although government departments were absorbed with how the health and social services could care for ‘the chronic sick’ during the 1950s and early 1960s, epidemiologists, public health agencies, clinicians, laboratory researchers, and social medicine academics all began to consider the problems posed by ‘chronic

in Managing diabetes, managing medicine