Between 1975 and 1979, thirty-one unidentified bodies bearing marks of torture appeared
at various locations along Uruguays coastline. These bodies were material proof of the
death flights implemented in neighbouring Argentina after the military coup. In Uruguay,
in a general context of political crisis, the appearance of these anonymous cadavers first
generated local terror and was then rapidly transformed into a traumatic event at the
national level. This article focuses on the various reports established by Uruguayan
police and mortuary services. It aims to show how,the administrative and funeral
treatments given at that time to the dead bodies, buried anonymously (under the NN label)
in local cemeteries, make visible some of the multiple complicities between the Uruguayan
and Argentinean dictatorships in the broader framework of the Condor Plan. The repressive
strategy implemented in Argentina through torture and forced disappearance was indeed
echoed by the bureaucratic repressive strategy implemented in Uruguay through incomplete
and false reports, aiming to make the NN disappear once again.
Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.
12.1. Feasibility of quality of service (QoS)
monitoring in the context of NN Document(s) BoR (15) 207 Draft
BEREC Internal Report on the feasibility of QoS monitoring in
the context of NN Introduction by NN EWG Co-Chairs (Nkom/Ofcom)
Action requested To discuss and approve for internal use.
12.2. Oral up-date on the state of play of the
nobility such as those of
the de Munteni family were able to enact policies and strategies irrespective of their exclusion from formal positions of office, and this is
the key to understanding the power of twelfth-century women. Although
the evidence discussed has been inevitably somewhat limited, it suggests
that we should expect such patterns of activity to be general among
twelfth-century noblewomen, whatever their social status.
Chester Charters, no. 194, and see nn. 199–200.
John Rylands University Library, Manchester, Rylands Charter, no. 1276.
The politics of exhumation in post-genocide Rwanda
justice’, Times Higher Education
Supplement, 24 September 2004.
Such a study could follow the model of the work produced by Nicolas
Guilhot. See N. Guilhot, The Democracy Makers: Human Rights and the
Politics of Global Order (New York: Columbia University Press, 2013). It
should be noted that what few studies do exist tend to fall into the realm
of speculative conspiracy theories or even genocide denial.
M. C. Warden & A. McClue, ‘Investigation into the crash of Dassault
Falcon 50 registration number 9XR-NN on 6 April 1994 carrying
former president Juvénal Habyarimana
Embodying the disappeared of the Argentinian dictatorship through law
lasts forever. What lasts forever is that a person I can
name is neither present nor absent.… The disappeared “is” in the
middle of neither, nor.’10
It is thus a question of reversal: if the nature of war is to turn the
corpse of the Other (‘the enemy without’) into a trophy and a proof
of victory, then, conversely, the nature of the policy of enforced disappearance is to turn the corpse of the Self (‘the enemy within’)
into an absence, a non-fact, a neither–nor – a double negative
that strangely recalls the NN of Nomen nescio11 or the Hitlerian
Nacht und Nebel
(Michaelmas 1196); EYC, 2. no. 807 (c. 1188). Other late twelfth
to early thirteenth-century examples: Early Charters of Waltham Abbey, nos 69, 172,
Hudson, ‘Anglo-Norman land law and the origins of property’, p. 58; for warranty,
ibid., pp. 51–8.
See nn. 1, 4 and 5 above.
Hyams, ‘Warranty and good lordship’, pp. 470–1.
Bates, ‘Prosopographical study’, p. 90.
Jackson ( 2015 ).
Summarised in C(2007) 5617 State aid C 55/2007
(ex NN 63/2007 (ex CP 106/2006)).
Decision 2009/703/EC concerning the State aid C
55/07 (ex NN 63/07, CP 106/6) UK Crown guarantee to BT Pension
Martha Crane, 28 September 1966,
Radio and Television Files, NN3–490–00–001, Box 1; Records of the
Peace Corps, RG 490: NARA.
Modern Talking Picture Service, What Do
Audiences Say About Your Film? The Peace Corps in Tanganyika ,
Radio and Television Files, Box 4
The Rotuli de Dominabus et Pueris et Puellis de XII Comitatibus of 1185
Susan M. Johns
Ibid., pp. 70–2.
Ibid., p. 81.
Of the widows who hold less than £10 worth of land only one example is recorded
where a widow held both maritagium and dower, Margaret Engaine, fifty years old
and the subject of two entries in the RD: pp. 23–4, 27 and nn., Appendix 2: 28. In
neither of the entries is the nature of her land tenure described, yet it can be inferred
from other sources that she holds six librates as her dower from her first husband.
The value of her other lands, her maritagium, is unrecorded and is difficult to
identify. On the basis of the model suggested