Dead bodies, evidence and the death march from Buchenwald to Dachau, April–May 1945
Christopher E. Mauriello
This article utilises the theoretical perspectives of the forensic turn to further expand our historical understandings and interpretations of the events of the Holocaust. More specifically, it applies a theory of the materialities of dead bodies to historically reconstruct and reinterpret the death march from Buchenwald to Dachau from 7 to 28 April 1945. It focuses on dead bodies as ‘evidence’, but explores how the evidential meanings of corpses along the death-march route evolved and changed during the march itself and in the aftermath of discovery by approaching American military forces. While drawing on theories of the evidential use of dead bodies, it remains firmly grounded in empirical historical research based on archival sources. The archives at the Buchenwald Concentration Camp contain eyewitness accounts and post-war trial testimony that enable a deeply contextualised ‘microhistory’ of the geography, movements, perpetrators, victims and events along this specific death march in April and May 1945. This ‘thick description’ provides the necessary context for a theoretical reading of the changing evidential meanings of dead bodies as the death march wove its way from Buchenwald to Dachau and the war and the Holocaust drew to an end.
James Baldwin in Conversation with Fritz J. Raddatz (1978)
This is the first English-language publication of an interview with James Baldwin
conducted by the German writer, editor, and journalist Fritz J. Raddatz in 1978
at Baldwin’s house in St. Paul-de-Vence. In the same year, it was
published in German in the weekly newspaper Die Zeit, as well
as in a book of Raddatz’s conversations with international writers,
and—in Italian translation—in the newspaper La
Repubblica. The interview covers various topics characteristic of
Baldwin’s interests at the time—among them his thoughts about
Jimmy Carter’s presidency, his reasons for planning to return to the
United States, his disillusionment after the series of murders of black civil
rights activists in the 1960s and 1970s, and the role of love and sexuality in
his literary writings. A special emphasis lies on the discussion of possible
parallels between Nazi Germany and U.S. racism, with Baldwin most prominently
likening the whole city of New York to a concentration camp. Due to copyright
reasons, this reprint is based on an English translation of the edited version
published in German. A one-hour tape recording of the original English
conversation between Raddatz and Baldwin is accessible at the German literary
archive in Marbach.
When James Baldwin in No Name in the Street discusses the case of Tony Maynard, who had
been imprisoned in Hamburg in 1967, he emphasizes that his efforts to aid his unjustly
imprisoned friend were greatly supported by his German publishing house Rowohlt and, in
particular, by his then-editor Fritz Raddatz (1931–2015). While the passages on Maynard
remain the only instance in Baldwin’s published writings in which Raddatz—praised as a
courageous “anti-Nazi German” and a kindred ally who “knows what it means to be beaten in
prison”—is mentioned directly, the relation between Baldwin and Raddatz has left traces
that cover over fifty years. The African-American writer and Rowohlt’s chief editor got to
know each other around 1963, when Baldwin was first published in Germany. They exchanged
letters between 1965 and 1984, and many of Raddatz’s critical writings from different
periods—the first piece from 1965, the last from 2014—focus of Baldwin’s books. They also
collaborated on various projects—among them a long interview and Baldwin’s review of
Roots—which were all published in the German weekly newspaper Die Zeit, where Raddatz
served as head of the literary and arts sections from 1977 to 1985. Drawing on published
and unpublished writings of both men, this article provides a discussion of the most
significant facets of this under-explored relationship and its literary achievements.
Thereby, it sheds new light on two central questions of recent Baldwin scholarship: first,
the circumstances of production and formation crucial to Baldwin’s writings of the 1970s
and 1980s, and secondly, Baldwin’s international activities, his transcultural
reception and influence.
and the Congo, or the British and Mau Mau, or the French in Algeria. As the Americans joined the
fray post World War II (after NaziGermany’s attempt to exterminate the Jews, and after
the US dropped two atomic bombs on civilians without warning), we can fast-forward to the use of
nerve agents in Vietnam, the mass bombing of civilians in Cambodia, the giving of a green light
to the government in East Pakistan to commit genocide in what is now Bangladesh or the political
support the US gave to Pinochet and the Khmer Rouge. We can go back to the
German Responses to the June 2019 Mission of the Sea-Watch 3
. Most of the more than 4200 comments posted within that time applaud Kellner and are informed by hatred. Some contain threats. For example, ‘Grillgucker’ wrote: ‘A bullet between the eyes would solve the problem.’ Others referred to her as Assel (woodlouse) or Zecke (tick), or to her and her supporters as Volksverräter , the term used in NaziGermany for traitors.
Carola Rackete may seem to be an unlikely role model for mainstream Germans, but her persona is also a small part of the reason for the traction the issue gained. For a start, she is comparatively
references to the Cold War serves to distort understanding of Russia,
the references to mid-twentieth-century NaziGermany, so evident in the
wake of the war in Ukraine, even more. They distort the debate by
short-circuiting it, silencing dissent through guilt by association, and
anchoring the discussion to an increasingly mythical and politicised
twentieth century, and facilitating easy assumptions about eternal
over NaziGermany’s unsportingly ruthless
professionalism, but their villains, rather than being improbably
moustached failed Austrian artists, are profiteering businesses.
Throughout the decade’s comedies, consumerism is the enemy of
consensus, an alienating presence impinging on the value of work and,
through the individualising agency of television, the domestic
This chapter presents a critical historiography of bog body discovery, from medieval allusions to well-preserved bodies, to seventeenth-century accounts of peat diggers’ finds and eighteenth-century displays of the dead, exhibited by early antiquarians. It argues that we need to appreciate how marvellous preservation was conceptualised in each of these eras, to understand the fate of their remains and the uses to which they were put. It thus examines the changing meaning and significance of such bodies, from icons of national identity in nineteenth-century Denmark to stigmatised victims in Nazi Germany and celebrated ‘Celtic’ princes in neo-pagan Britain. Finally, it foregrounds the forensic trope that dominates contemporary analysis, relating this to the real and suspected murder victims, ancient and modern, found in the mosses and bogs.
This book is about science in theatre and performance. It explores how theatre and performance engage with emerging scientific themes from artificial intelligence to genetics and climate change. The book covers a wide range of performance forms from the spectacle of the Paralympics Opening Ceremony to Broadway musicals, from experimental contemporary performance and opera to educational theatre, Somali poetic drama and grime videos. It features work by pioneering companies including Gob Squad, Headlong Theatre and Theatre of Debate as well as offering fresh analysis of global blockbusters such as Wicked and Urinetown. The book offers detailed description and analysis of theatre and performance practices as well as broader commentary on the politics of theatre as public engagement with science. It documents important examples of collaborative practice with extended discussion of the Theatre of Debate process developed by Y Touring theatre company, exploration of bilingual theatre-making in East London and an account of how grime MCs and dermatologists ended up making a film together in Birmingham. The interdisciplinary approach draws on contemporary research in theatre and performance studies in combination with key ideas from science studies. It shows how theatre can offer important perspectives on what the philosopher of science Isabelle Stengers has called ‘cosmopolitics’. The book argues that theatre can flatten knowledge hierarchies and hold together different ways of knowing.
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.