Open Access (free)
Sovereignty, violence and revolution in the Middle East
Author: Simon Mabon

In events that have since become known as the Arab Uprisings or Arab Revolutions, people across the Middle East took to the streets to express their anger and frustration at political climates, demanding political and economic reform. In a number of cases, protest movements were repressed, often violently, with devastating repercussions for human security and peace across the region.

While a number of scholars have sought to understand how the protests occurred, this book looks at sovereignty and the relationship between rulers and ruled to identify and understand both the roots of this anger but also the mechanisms through which regimes were able to withstand seemingly existential pressures and maintain power.

Simon Mabon

chapters, plays a prominent role in times of contestation. 17 The politics of sovereignty and space 17 Space and nomos While politics is inherently about people, space is the theatre within which interactions take place. It is simultaneously a physical environment, a semiotic abstraction, and relational.59 These interactions exist within one another and coexist within power relations and social practices. Each society produces a space of its own nature along with a set of rules that regulate behaviour within space. The concept of space is deeply contested among

in Houses built on sand
Open Access (free)
The end of the dream
Simon Mabon

 sand creation of bare life was a mechanism of sovereign power, designed to ensure order and compliance. Yet in a number of cases, the creation of bare life was an insufficient expression of sovereign power. Instead, we see regimes choosing to exert sovereign power through necropolitics, with war machines emerging as a consequence of widespread fragmentation. In such conditions, localised manifestations of the global nomos, defined by a spatialised exception and underpinned by conditions of modernity have become increasingly contested by the contingency of daily life. Amid

in Houses built on sand

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

underpins Agamben’s spatialisation of the exception shapes the local manifestations of nomos and while context and contingency create unique peculiarities, there are underlying structural similarities that shape the exception. Although offering a brief genealogy of the establishment of states, this chapter should not be viewed as a complete history of the contemporary Middle East. Instead I seek to offer an account of the interaction between internal and external forces –​material and ideational –​that facilitated the establishment of states and nomoi, through the

in Houses built on sand
Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

-​specific contingent factors found in demographics, history, ideology and intended outcome, creating unique nomoi that operate within a global nomos. While a cursory glance at the region sees elections in a number of states, amid various different contexts and to varying degrees of success, it is difficult to conclude that these projects meet the criteria to be considered democratic. Although elections for political positions have been an integral part of political life  –​understood in different ways with different restrictions  –​in Lebanon, Bahrain, Turkey, Israel, Iran and

in Houses built on sand
Open Access (free)
Simon Mabon

believers, communities and states even before they are placed in the context of political life and parabolic regional currents. Yet much like nomos, Islamic unity proved to be an illusion. Instead, competing interpretations of faith and the ordering of life in accordance with Islamic traditions quickly emerged, in some cases, operating in tension with state projects. One of the most devastating points of tension concerns sectarian difference. Few terms possess such vitriolic connotations as sectarianism which, in recent years, has become imbued with all manner of issues

in Houses built on sand
The Member States between procedural adaptation and structural revolution
Jürgen Mittag and Wolfgang Wessels

the Face of the Union (Ann Arbor: University of Michigan Press, 1996) and Karl Heinz Reif, ‘Ein Ende des “Permissive Consensus”? Zum Wandel europapolitischer Einstellungen in der öffentlichen Meinung in den EG-Mitgliedstaaten’, in: Rudolf Hrbek (ed.), Der Vertrag von Maastricht in der wissenschaftlichen Kontroverse (BadenBaden: Nomos, 1993), pp. 23–33. See for detailed empirical data the Eurobarometer, 53 (Spring 2000). See for recent discussions Beate Kohler-Koch, ‘Die Europäisierung nationaler Demokratien: Verschleiß eines europäischen Kulturerbes?’, in: Michael

in Fifteen into one?
Margaret Kohn

tragedy of remarriage: letter to M. Cavell about cinema (a remake)” also bears the trace of another influence: Adorno. According to Dienstag, The Philadelphia Story , a commercially successful Hollywood film, is also a deeply ideological one. Dexter and Tracy’s remarriage reaffirms the possibility of reconciling freedom and social order, eros and nomos . Its popularity was

in Cinema, democracy and perfectionism
Arthur B. Gunlicks

), pp. 141–158. 46 Arthur B. Gunlicks, “Principles of American Federalism,” in Germany and Its Basic Law: Past, Present and Future – A German–American Symposium, edited by Paul Kirchhof and Donald P. Kommers (Baden-Baden: Nomos Verlagsgesellschaft, 1993), pp. 91–108. 47 Frido Wagener always distinguished between “functional administration” (administration by tasks or functions) and “territorial administration” (Gebietsverwaltung), by which he meant unity of command, i.e., all administrative tasks carried out in one administrative territory. See, for example, his

in The Länder and German federalism