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Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

Northern Issues concerning Ireland women Northern Ireland 129 10 ➤ The background to the Northern Ireland problem ➤ The build up to and the importance of the Good Friday Agreement ➤ The effect of the devolution process on Northern Ireland ➤ The workings of the Northern Ireland Assembly ➤ The effects of decommissioning of arms and demilitarisation ➤ The future of Northern Ireland BACKGROUND TO THE PROBLEM How Northern Ireland came about Until 1921 Ireland was a single political entity under British rule. It elected MPs to parliament in London, but was

in Understanding British and European political issues
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A reminder from the present
Pete Shirlow

11 Northern Ireland: a reminder from the present PETE SHIRLOW Social and cultural shifts on the island of Ireland are held to have diluted the authority of nationalisms that were tied to unidimensional and archaic notions of Irishness and Britishness.1 It is contended that there is an ongoing and positive transition towards new modes and definitions of cultural belonging that in themselves reject the logic and validity of ethnocentrism. The Europeanisation of political and financial power, the influx of foreign capital, political morphology in Northern Ireland

in The end of Irish history?
Author: Neil McNaughton

This book seeks to review the state of political issues early in the twenty-first century, when New Labour is in its second term of office. As part of the updating process it became necessary to choose which political issues are important. The book includes the main issues which appear in current Advanced Level Politics syllabuses. In the case of Edexcel, which offers a specific political issues option in its A2 specification, all the specified issues have been included. The book deals with the process of constitutional and political change which are issues in themselves. It also includes material on constitutional reform (incorporating the recent development of human rights in Britain), and devolution. The book includes the global recession and other recent political developments and looks at the important issues in British politics since 1945. It examines the key issues of British politics today: economic policy, the Welfare State, law and order, environment policy, Northern Ireland, issues concerning women, European integration and the European Union, and the impact of the European Union on Britain. The book also deals with the European Union and Britain's relationship to it. Finally, it must be emphasised that Britain's relationship to the European Union is in itself a political issue which has fundamentally changed the party system.

Open Access (free)
Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
Stephen Hopgood

time when Hitler used US race laws as a model for the Third Reich ( Whitman, 2017 ), or to slavery and genocide against Native Americans, or forward again to the use of mass incarceration by liberals in the US more recently ( Murakawa, 2014 ). We can add torture by the British government in Aden and Northern Ireland and more recently, as we well know, US torture in the ‘war on terror’. These are just the examples that come to mind. There are many more. Yet, having said all of that, it remains a core liberal belief that, broadly speaking

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The representation of violence in Northern Irish art
Shane Alcobia-Murphy

9780719075636_4_017.qxd 16/2/09 9:30 AM Page 287 17 ‘What do I say when they wheel out their dead?’ The representation of violence in Northern Irish art Shane Alcobia-Murphy In one emblematic shot from Midge MacKenzie’s The Sky: A Silent Witness (1995), a documentary made in collaboration with Amnesty International about human rights abuses, the camera frames the sky’s reflection on the surface of water while an unidentified woman recounts the horrifying story of her rape on 3 September 1991, in the midst of the Bosnian conflict. The reflection, as Wendy

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
black magic and bogeymen in Northern Ireland, 1973–74
Richard Jenkins

Here, too, imagination colonizes the spaces of uncertainty in everyday life. In this context, there is evidence of later contemporary legends, particularly in North America, addressing the themes – adolescents and the occult, satanism and child abduction – which the northern Irish rumours of 1973–74 made their own. 23 Finally, the social anthropological literature on witchcraft and sorcery is also relevant. One influential

in Witchcraft Continued
Open Access (free)
Kevin Harrison and Tony Boyd

contemporary Britain as a nation. Perhaps more accurately the United Kingdom should be considered as a ‘state’ made up of several ‘nations’, each of which is discussed in turn. This problem of nation and national identity can be investigated through a study of Northern Ireland, where issues of national and state identity have contributed to the political crisis. POINTS TO CONSIDER

in Understanding political ideas and movements
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The Republic and Northern Ireland since 1990
Michael Parker

9780719075636_4_001.qxd 16/2/09 9:23 AM Page 3 1 Changing history: the Republic and Northern Ireland since 1990 Michael Parker Someone asks me for directions, and I think again. I turn into A side street to try to throw off my shadow, and history is changed. (Ciaran Carson, ‘Turn Again’, Belfast Confetti, Gallery, 1989) Given the variety and energy of Irish creative and critical writing and its contribution to re-thinking relationships, histories and futures within and beyond Ireland, the first decade of the twenty-first century seems an opportune moment

in Irish literature since 1990
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Northern Irish fiction after the Troubles
Neal Alexander

9780719075636_4_016.qxd 16/2/09 9:29 AM Page 272 16 Remembering to forget: Northern Irish fiction after the Troubles Neal Alexander To speak of post-Troubles fiction, or even fiction ‘after’ the Troubles, is perhaps as problematic as it is unavoidable. Nearly a decade since the Good Friday Agreement of 1998, the political accord for which it paved the way remains fraught and uncertain. And if it can be said with at least some certainty that the war is finally over, then it is equally certain that Northern Ireland’s troubles are not. The latest edition of

in Irish literature since 1990
Open Access (free)
Neil McNaughton

century. There has been a Scottish Nationalist movement for over a century although the Scottish National Party (SNP) did not come into existence until 1928. Welsh nationalism is a younger phenomenon, but Plaid Cymru – the Welsh Nationalist party – does date back to 1925. Both these movements were certainly influenced by the fact that Ireland had been granted virtually full independence in 1921. independence The situation in Northern Ireland has been, quite If one of the countries of the UK became independent it clearly, very different. The full circumstances of would

in Understanding British and European political issues