Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.

Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

comprehensive databases for ‘grey’ literature, including evaluation reports. The available resources regarding evaluations in South Sudan suggest that only a few evaluations are publicly available. For example, one evaluation database (discussed in more detail below), which is updated to 2015, identifies only three evaluations related to South Sudan. In 2016, the Norwegian Agency for Development Cooperation (Norad) compiled an ‘Evaluation Portrait’, outlining 24 evaluations (covering 2010 to 2015), which appears to be the most extensive collection of evaluations conducted in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Staff Security and Civilian Protection in the Humanitarian Sector
Miriam Bradley

, implying the transfer of responsibility – and often risk – to local staff or local partner organisations ( Stoddard et al. , 2010 ). International humanitarian agencies have also evacuated civilians relatively frequently in recent years, mainly from siege environments ( Norwegian Refugee Council, 2016 : 5). However, such evacuations are usually to another site in the same country, and the expectation is that local

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
David Rieff

were two kinds of relief group: those who professed neutrality and the very few who did not. The most prominent among the latter was Norwegian People’s Aid, which used to run newspaper adverts stating that it wasn’t neutral like MSF and others, but that it supported the rebels. It is understandable that mainline humanitarian groups working with migrants don’t want to be so unequivocal. But sooner or later they will have to be, and not just on the personal blogs of individual aid workers. Humanitarianism has weathered many crises, and perhaps it

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

phenomenon. In conversation, a former Norwegian Refugee Council camp manager in DR Congo described to me how night raids were used to facilitate aid delivery to a war-affected population. In the camp, located outside Goma, there had been unrest, including shooting, at aid distribution points. UNHCR dispatched technical staff from Geneva to handle the situation. After what my informant described as ‘minimal briefing’, in which camp officials were told to be ready at 1

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Emmanuelle Strub

red zones. That law enabled lawsuits against NGOs entering red zones if they fell victim to an incident requiring government intervention. In 2011, a Samaritan’s Purse employee sued her organisation in the United States after being kidnapped in Darfur the previous year. The first such case in Europe happened in 2015, when Steve Dennis sued the Norwegian Refugee Council after he was kidnapped in Kenya. In France, the Karachi case (an attack in which

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Law and Politics of Responding to Attacks against Aid Workers
Julia Brooks and Rob Grace

Principles ? Humanitarian Outcomes United Kingdom . Healy , S. and Tiller , S. ( 2014 ), Where is Everyone? Responding to Emergencies in the Most Difficult Places Médecins Sans Frontières London . Humanitarian Practice Network ( 2010 ), Operational Security Management in Violent Environments Good Practice Review 8, HPN London . Jackson , A. and Zyck , S. ( 2017 ), Presence & Proximity: To Stay and Deliver, Five Years On Norwegian Refugee Council, Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs and Jindal School of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Janet Wolff

for at least some of the time it was kept here, at Lawnhurst. hH In Lysaker, Norway, just outside Oslo, there is another mansion house, called Polhøgda, which is very like Lawnhurst. Especially if you compare the interior grand hall and atrium, you see the similarities. The upper floor of the atrium shows this too. The exterior is in a rather different style – inspired by Italian Renaissance architecture – but the hall, staircase and interior gallery are more or less identical to those at Lawnhurst. It is no coincidence. The house was built in 1901 for the

in Austerity baby
Open Access (free)
Theorising Arctic hierarchies
Elana Wilson Rowe

seek to change their position, using Norway and its seeking of Arctic leadership status as an example. Finally, turning 59 60 Arctic governance away from states and towards the people-​to-​people relations in the Arctic, I  suggest that it can be analytically significant to be attuned to potential manifestations of hierarchy in the more day-​to-​day dynamics of Arctic cooperation as well. Looking back to the 1990s and early 2000s at two projects directed towards transition and change in the Russian Arctic, we can see how hierarchical identities of students and

in Arctic governance
Open Access (free)
Understanding the violence of the benevolent welfare state in Norway
Nerina Weiss

11 Nerina Weiss The trauma of waiting: understanding the violence of the benevolent welfare state in Norway Bisrat, a refugee from Eritrea, was granted asylum in Norway after a relatively short waiting period of ten months. However, it took another two years before he was settled in a municipality. Asked about how he experienced his time in the reception centre after he was granted asylum, Bisrat answered as follows: It completely changed my behaviour. It is difficult when you have to spend three years of your life waiting for something. It is a very expensive

in Refugees and the violence of welfare bureaucracies in Northern Europe