Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making addresses debates on liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding of these processes and the particular case.
By its very nature – ostensibly, that of responding to natural and human-made
crises – humanitarian, peacebuilding and (to a lesser extent) development
work occurs in close proximity to potential danger. The degree of risk and danger to
staff carrying out this kind of work in ‘the field’ has increased
greatly over recent decades, due in part to the changing nature of conflict and in
part to the rapidly increasing number of local and
‘imaginary of humanitarian, development and
peacebuilding work’ carried out by ‘white, able-bodied, heterosexual, male
staff from the Global North’ (page 4) that no longer reflect the realities of the
way this work is done, if it ever did. They note, reinforcing the points made by Riley,
that for many the threat comes from within the sector itself, something security
training fails to take account of. They call for more inclusive representation in the
humanitarian security sector to ‘help to
non-intervention, and came to see that the (post)colonial run-up to genocide was a story of too
much intervention, even in the name of democracy.
During my doctoral research, I rediscovered the case of Somaliland. A self-declared independent
republic in the north-western corner of Somalia, Somaliland had declined US and UN interventions
at the beginning of the 1990s, apart from specific assistance (the clean-up of landmines, for
example). Instead, it took care of its peace-building process internally and with its diaspora.
Over the years, even
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
August 2017 .
Bennett , J. , Pantuliano , S. , Fenton , W. , Vaux , A. , Barnett , C. and Brusset , E. ( 2010 ), Aiding the Peace: A Multi-Donor Evaluation of Support to Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities in Southern Sudan 2005–2010 .
ITAD Ltd, UK .
Caldwell , A. and Oliver-Burgess , A. ( 2014 ), Real-Time Evaluation of IOM’s Humanitarian Response to the South Sudan Crisis .
November 2014 .
Clist , P. and Dercon , S. ( 2014 ), 12 Principles for Payment by Results (PbR) in
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos
humanitarianism, culture and gender equality, and
open the discussion on gender-transformative action beyond the shield of cultural
relativism. I also hope it can encourage further reflections, research and exchanges
on the potential synergies between gender-transformative humanitarian work and wider
efforts for gender equality, including by the development and peacebuilding sectors
and wider feminist movements in their various forms. Finally, I hope this paper can
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
Exposed as Sierra
Leone Confirms New Ebola Death ’, Reuters,
(accessed 1 September 2018) .
( 2010 ), ‘ Contested Inclusions: Pitfalls
of NGO Peace-Building Activities in Liberia ’,
Africa Spectrum , 45 : 2
healthcare in armed conflicts.
The #NotATarget is now a broader campaign launched by the UN for the World Humanitarian Day on 19 August 2017.
Group of Friends of 2286 is an informal group on the Protection of Civilians, created after the adoption of the Security Council resolution 2286 in May 2016, which condemns the attacks against medical units and personnel in armed conflicts.
The GCSP is a think tank that promotes dialogue and education to support peacebuilding and security. See their website: www.gcsp.ch/ (accessed 26 December 2020
Maintain Health Care Services in Armed Conflict – Meeting SDGs 3 and 16 ’. Conflict and Health , 13 : 2 , doi: 10.1186/s13031-019-0186-0 .
Ekzayez , A. ( 2018 ), ‘ Analysis: A Model for Rebuilding Infrastructure in Northwestern Syria ’, Syria Deeply, 18 February . www.newsdeeply.com/peacebuilding/articles/2018/02/19/analysis-a-model-for-rebuilding-infrastructure-in-northwestern-syria (accessed 5 Feb ruary 2020 ).
Ekzayez , A. ( forthcoming ), ‘ Reporting Attacks on Healthcare during Conflict: Current State and Lessons from the Syrian Conflict
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti
The RefuSHE initiative is a non-profit-making organisation with headquarters in
Chicago. Its humanitarianism evolves around the protection and empowerment of
women refugees through education and work. The American RefuSHE co-founder Anne
Sweeney notes that the initiative ‘was born, to offer an innovative
solution within the global refugee crisis, or a one-of-a-kind model for
protection, empowerment, and peace-building in Kenya and beyond’ ( Rigou, 2018 ). The women