Insights from 'Africa's World War'

Everyday resistance, peacebuilding and state-making addresses debates on liberal peace and the policies of peacebuilding through a theoretical and empirical study of resistance in peacebuilding contexts. Examining the case of ‘Africa’s World War’ in the DRC, it locates resistance in the experiences of war, peacebuilding and state-making by exploring discourses, violence and everyday forms of survival as acts that attempt to challenge or mitigate such experiences. The analysis of resistance offers a possibility to bring the historical and sociological aspects of both peacebuilding and the case of the DRC, providing new nuanced understanding of these processes and the particular case.

Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

Introduction By its very nature – ostensibly, that of responding to natural and human-made crises – humanitarian, peacebuilding and (to a lesser extent) development work occurs in close proximity to potential danger. The degree of risk and danger to staff carrying out this kind of work in ‘the field’ has increased greatly over recent decades, due in part to the changing nature of conflict and in part to the rapidly increasing number of local and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Róisín Read

‘imaginary of humanitarian, development and peacebuilding work’ carried out by ‘white, able-bodied, heterosexual, male staff from the Global North’ (page 4) that no longer reflect the realities of the way this work is done, if it ever did. They note, reinforcing the points made by Riley, that for many the threat comes from within the sector itself, something security training fails to take account of. They call for more inclusive representation in the humanitarian security sector to ‘help to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Olivia Umurerwa Rutazibwa

non-intervention, and came to see that the (post)colonial run-up to genocide was a story of too much intervention, even in the name of democracy. During my doctoral research, I rediscovered the case of Somaliland. A self-declared independent republic in the north-western corner of Somalia, Somaliland had declined US and UN interventions at the beginning of the 1990s, apart from specific assistance (the clean-up of landmines, for example). Instead, it took care of its peace-building process internally and with its diaspora. Over the years, even

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

Matter Consulting August 2017 . Bennett , J. , Pantuliano , S. , Fenton , W. , Vaux , A. , Barnett , C. and Brusset , E. ( 2010 ), Aiding the Peace: A Multi-Donor Evaluation of Support to Conflict Prevention and Peacebuilding Activities in Southern Sudan 2005–2010 . ITAD Ltd, UK . Caldwell , A. and Oliver-Burgess , A. ( 2014 ), Real-Time Evaluation of IOM’s Humanitarian Response to the South Sudan Crisis . Final Report November 2014 . Clist , P. and Dercon , S. ( 2014 ), 12 Principles for Payment by Results (PbR) in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

humanitarianism, culture and gender equality, and open the discussion on gender-transformative action beyond the shield of cultural relativism. I also hope it can encourage further reflections, research and exchanges on the potential synergies between gender-transformative humanitarian work and wider efforts for gender equality, including by the development and peacebuilding sectors and wider feminist movements in their various forms. Finally, I hope this paper can stimulate further

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Focus on Community Engagement
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye

Exposed as Sierra Leone Confirms New Ebola Death ’, Reuters, www.reuters.com/article/us-health-ebola-leone/dozens-feared-exposed-as-sierra-leone-confirms-new-ebola-death-idUSKCN0UT0Q3 (accessed 1 September 2018) . Fuest , V. ( 2010 ), ‘ Contested Inclusions: Pitfalls of NGO Peace-Building Activities in Liberia ’, Africa Spectrum , 45 : 2

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Valérie Gorin

healthcare in armed conflicts. 13 The #NotATarget is now a broader campaign launched by the UN for the World Humanitarian Day on 19 August 2017. 14 Group of Friends of 2286 is an informal group on the Protection of Civilians, created after the adoption of the Security Council resolution 2286 in May 2016, which condemns the attacks against medical units and personnel in armed conflicts. 15 The GCSP is a think tank that promotes dialogue and education to support peacebuilding and security. See their website: www.gcsp.ch/ (accessed 26 December 2020

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Military Tactic or Collateral Damage?
Abdulkarim Ekzayez and Ammar Sabouni

Maintain Health Care Services in Armed Conflict – Meeting SDGs 3 and 16 ’. Conflict and Health , 13 : 2 , doi: 10.1186/s13031-019-0186-0 . Ekzayez , A. ( 2018 ), ‘ Analysis: A Model for Rebuilding Infrastructure in Northwestern Syria ’, Syria Deeply, 18 February . www.newsdeeply.com/peacebuilding/articles/2018/02/19/analysis-a-model-for-rebuilding-infrastructure-in-northwestern-syria (accessed 5 Feb ruary 2020 ). Ekzayez , A. ( forthcoming ), ‘ Reporting Attacks on Healthcare during Conflict: Current State and Lessons from the Syrian Conflict

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

The RefuSHE initiative is a non-profit-making organisation with headquarters in Chicago. Its humanitarianism evolves around the protection and empowerment of women refugees through education and work. The American RefuSHE co-founder Anne Sweeney notes that the initiative ‘was born, to offer an innovative solution within the global refugee crisis, or a one-of-a-kind model for protection, empowerment, and peace-building in Kenya and beyond’ ( Rigou, 2018 ). The women

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs