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Open Access (free)
From policy to law to regulation

This book explains the beginnings of net neutrality regulation in the United States and Europe, and some of the current debate over access to Specialised Services: fast lanes with higher Quality of Service (QoS). It examines the new European law of 2015 and the interaction between that law and interception/privacy. The book takes a deep dive into UK self- and co-regulation of net neutrality. In each of the national case studies, initial confusion at lack of clarity in net neutrality laws gave way to significant cases, particularly since 2014, which have given regulators the opportunity to clarify their legislation or regulation. The majority of such cases relate to mobile net neutrality, and in particular so-called 'zero rating' practices. The book compares results and proposes a regulatory toolkit for those jurisdictions that intend effective practical partial or complete implementation of net neutrality. It sets out a future research agenda for exploring implementation of regulation. The book outlines competition policy's purpose, referring to the exceptionally rigorous recent analysis of competition law suitability to regulate net neutrality by Maniadaki. Having analysed regulatory tools with little chance of success, it then examines what communications regulators actually do: regulating telecoms access based on the UK case study. The book considers whether zero rating poses a serious challenge to Open Internet use. It explores some of the wider international problems of regulating the newest manifestation of discrimination: zero rating. The book also considers the various means by which government can regulate net neutrality.

transmission quality responding to the objectively different technical quality of service requirements of specific categories of traffic, and thus of the CAS transmitted. Reasonable TMM applied by providers of IAS should be transparent, non-discriminatory and proportionate, and should not be based on commercial considerations. Objectively different management of

in Network neutrality

up-to-date information for end-users on the quality of their services … That information shall, on request, be supplied to the NRA in advance of its publication. NRAs may specify, inter alia, the quality of service parameters to be measured and the content, form and manner of the information to be published, including possible quality certification mechanisms, in order

in Network neutrality

self-regulatory approach to providing consumers with transparency on whether service prioritisation or quality of service charging is being applied. 26 Richards warned that ‘The shibboleth of net neutrality should not be allowed to become an obstacle or a distraction to investment in NGNs [Next Generation Networks] in the

in Network neutrality
New Labour and public sector reform

providers are monitored and inspected and their performance assessed as to whether they are providing an acceptable level and quality of service; • intervention mechanisms, which are used to tackle failing or underperforming providers. (PMSU 2006: 22, 34) Performance management ‘was intended to provide a clear and rapid signal that improved outputs and outcomes were expected’ from the very substantial additional expenditure being poured into the public services (PMSU 2006: 22). At the summit of the performance management regime was the Prime Minister’s Delivery Unit (PMDU

in In search of social democracy
Open Access (free)
Neutrality, discrimination and common carriage

higher Quality of Service (QoS). Chapter 4 then examines the new European law of 2015, with Chapter 5 examining the interaction between that law and interception/privacy. Chapter 6 takes a deep dive into UK self- and co-regulation of net neutrality. In each of the national case studies, initial confusion at lack of clarity in net neutrality laws 38 gave way to significant cases, particularly since 2014, which have given

in Network neutrality
Can commodification of labour be self-limiting?

collaboration from employees with positive effects on the quality of services that are supplied. The upshot is that for short-hours employment within a long-lasting relation the monetary incentive to replace existing contractual alternatives with vouchers may be too slim to always compensate for losses in the quality of services and in security risks. In sum, if our back-of-the envelope calculations are roughly correct, the answer to the first question is that vouchers in Italy may not be ‘cheap’ enough to strongly compete with existing alternatives, be it irregular hiring or

in Making work more equal
Towards Specialised Services?

They continue: There is a rationale for separately provisioning between the specialised and non-specialised services, usually to achieve some engineering or market objective, such as improve the quality of service (e.g., reduce user perceptions of delay). In addition, one service often has a set of

in Network neutrality
Open Access (free)
Campaigns and causes

thirty-eight weeks in the year, allowing all students the use of their rooms in the Christmas and Easter vacations, instead of the thirty weeks charged for elsewhere. Since the University was itself in the grip of inflation, it could keep the fees down only by further subsidising halls from central funds, by reducing the quality of services, or by increasing conference revenue (none of which measures could be expected to appeal to students). To organise a widespread rent strike proved at first to be an almost impossible task. In 1974 neither a ballot of residents in

in A history of the University of Manchester 1973–90
Class polarisation and neo-liberalism in the Irish Republic

demands for greater quality of service. But, as anyone who has had the misfortune to travel on the British railway network lately can testify, there is no necessary link between privatisation and consumer satisfaction. Rather, a considerable part of the political agenda has been to undermine traditional pockets of trade union strength and pave the way to a greater ‘flexibility’ of labour. Some of its commissioners have been quite open about the real objectives of EU policy. Leon Brittan, for example, has stated that the objective of EU competition policy has been ‘to

in The end of Irish history?