Owen Price and Karina Lovell

Chapter 3: Quantitative research design Owen Price and Karina Lovell Chapter overview Quantitative research uses large samples and, as such, the findings of well-conducted studies can often be generalised to larger populations. However, it is important that studies are well-designed to avoid errors in their interpretation and/or the reporting of inaccurate results. Misleading results from quantitative studies can have serious negative implications such as wasting public money on flawed policies and subjecting service users to ineffective or harmful treatments

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Patrick Callaghan and Penny Bee

Quantitative Data Analysis Patrick Callaghan and Penny Bee Chapter overview Quantitative data analysis makes sense of numerical data. We often refer to quantitative data analysis as statistical analysis, and you may see this term used in published research papers. We can use numbers to summarise the experiences or characteristics of a group of participants, for example their average age or the number of symptoms they report. We can also use numbers to look at people’s behaviours, experiences and views, for example the number of people using mental health

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Brendan T. Lawson

Introduction Quantification is an essential component of contemporary humanitarianism. It has manifested most clearly in the proliferation of indexes, metrics, indicators and rankings across the humanitarian sector: CATO’s Human Freedom Index rates each country on a scale of 0–10 to judge the freedom they allow their citizens, the UN’s Integrated Phase Classification categorises countries’ food insecurity into five quantitatively-based tiers to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

the provision of healthcare in the area? Concerns expressed over the last decade by medical aid organisations and public health institutions regarding attacks on health facilities and personnel have generated a growing demand for multi-country or global quantitative studies on the issue. In contrast, efforts to produce substantiated accounts of incidents in specific contexts are still rare. Often methodologically wanting and more normative than analytical in their approach

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller and Róisín Read

independent and rigorous, though not exclusively quantitative, analysis. The reader may ponder how realistic such a prescription is, as similar to the term genocide, the term famine comes not only with specific connotations of destitution, but a call for action by the international (humanitarian) community that political leaders may always as much resist as welcome ( Read, 2016 ). Data on food insecurity and famine is always more than technical data, as Maxwell and Hailey’s six cases demonstrate in

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Politics of Information and Analysis in Food Security Crises
Daniel Maxwell and Peter Hailey

, with few exceptions, all contemporary data-collection and analysis protocols are oriented towards the use of quantitative data – no guidelines exist using qualitative information in the analysis, even though sometimes anecdotal evidence or even what can only be described as ‘hearsay’ can sway a judgement about famine. In one particularly egregious example, the detailed field notes of a qualitative assessment (under circumstances where conducting a

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Paul Currion

quantitative data are more highly valued than other approaches or knowledges’ ( Read et al. , 2016 : 7). At a meta level the ethos of humanitarianism innovation itself is suspect. The start-up mantra of ‘move fast and break things’ (the original motto of Facebook) is the opposite of what we want to achieve, since breaking things is how humanitarian crises are created, not how they are resolved – and the ethics behind such a motto are questionable ( Sandvik et al. , 2017 ). Yet there

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A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

/ethnicity data, the latest credible, reliable quantitative data, and then the most recent major articles we were able to do. And while the internet spelled the end of archive departments at French newspapers, looking to what their colleagues had written previously was a reflex shared by all reporters preparing to be sent abroad, in general, and to conflict areas, in particular. These observations do not mean that journalism is just a passive vessel for war

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Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

women and children, but that loss is numerically smaller than that of men. The 90/10 ratio is more an attempt to dramatise than a quantitative estimate. We should also point out how hard it is to distinguish civilians from combatants in internal conflicts, where people can often be both, depending on the moment. As discussed above, that distinction has been blurred since the late nineteenth century and, contrary to what is often said, has nothing to do with the ‘new wars

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Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

and Emergency Practice MA, Oxford Brookes University. 6 The analysis in this section is from the findings of the Promoting Safer Building urban study in Tacloban, Philippines. 7 Estimates vary, but around 6,300 are known to have died, the majority in Tacloban (IFRC). 8 The author is indebted to Professor Anastasios Sextos, Bristol University, for inspiring conversations that helped inform this debate. There is quantitative engineering analysis that shows that improving the margin of safety is more cost effective than insisting on safe. Sadly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs