Owen Price and Karina Lovell

Chapter 3: Quantitative research design Owen Price and Karina Lovell Chapter overview Quantitative research uses large samples and, as such, the findings of well-conducted studies can often be generalised to larger populations. However, it is important that studies are well-designed to avoid errors in their interpretation and/or the reporting of inaccurate results. Misleading results from quantitative studies can have serious negative implications such as wasting public money on flawed policies and subjecting service users to ineffective or harmful treatments

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers
Patrick Callaghan and Penny Bee

Quantitative Data Analysis Patrick Callaghan and Penny Bee Chapter overview Quantitative data analysis makes sense of numerical data. We often refer to quantitative data analysis as statistical analysis, and you may see this term used in published research papers. We can use numbers to summarise the experiences or characteristics of a group of participants, for example their average age or the number of symptoms they report. We can also use numbers to look at people’s behaviours, experiences and views, for example the number of people using mental health

in A research handbook for patient and public involvement researchers

This handbook is written for patients and members of the public who want to understand more about the approaches, methods and language used by health-services researchers. Patient and public involvement (PPI) in research is now a requirement of most major health-research programmes, and this book is designed to equip these individuals with the knowledge and skills necessary for meaningful participation. Edited by award-winning mental-health researchers, the book has been produced in partnership with mental-health-service users and carers with experience of research involvement. It includes personal reflections from these individuals alongside detailed information on quantitative, qualitative and health-economics research methods, and comprehensively covers all the basics needed for large-scale health research projects: systematic reviews; research design and analysis using both qualitative and quantitative approaches; health economics; research ethics; impact and dissemination. This book was developed during a five-year research programme funded by the UK’s National Institute for Health Research (NIHR) called Enhancing the Quality of User Involved Care Planning in Mental Health Services (EQUIP). The handbook clearly outlines research practices, and gives an insight into how public and patient representatives can be involved in them and shape decisions. Each chapter ends with a reflective exercise, and there are also some suggested sources of additional reading. People who get involved in health research as experts from experience now have a textbook to support their research involvement journey.

Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé and Joanna Kuper

the provision of healthcare in the area? Concerns expressed over the last decade by medical aid organisations and public health institutions regarding attacks on health facilities and personnel have generated a growing demand for multi-country or global quantitative studies on the issue. In contrast, efforts to produce substantiated accounts of incidents in specific contexts are still rare. Often methodologically wanting and more normative than analytical in their approach

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Paul Currion

quantitative data are more highly valued than other approaches or knowledges’ ( Read et al. , 2016 : 7). At a meta level the ethos of humanitarianism innovation itself is suspect. The start-up mantra of ‘move fast and break things’ (the original motto of Facebook) is the opposite of what we want to achieve, since breaking things is how humanitarian crises are created, not how they are resolved – and the ethics behind such a motto are questionable ( Sandvik et al. , 2017 ). Yet there

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

women and children, but that loss is numerically smaller than that of men. The 90/10 ratio is more an attempt to dramatise than a quantitative estimate. We should also point out how hard it is to distinguish civilians from combatants in internal conflicts, where people can often be both, depending on the moment. As discussed above, that distinction has been blurred since the late nineteenth century and, contrary to what is often said, has nothing to do with the ‘new wars

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A Congolese Experience
Justine Brabant

/ethnicity data, the latest credible, reliable quantitative data, and then the most recent major articles we were able to do. And while the internet spelled the end of archive departments at French newspapers, looking to what their colleagues had written previously was a reflex shared by all reporters preparing to be sent abroad, in general, and to conflict areas, in particular. These observations do not mean that journalism is just a passive vessel for war

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Why Building Back Better Means More than Structural Safety
Bill Flinn

and Emergency Practice MA, Oxford Brookes University. 6 The analysis in this section is from the findings of the Promoting Safer Building urban study in Tacloban, Philippines. 7 Estimates vary, but around 6,300 are known to have died, the majority in Tacloban (IFRC). 8 The author is indebted to Professor Anastasios Sextos, Bristol University, for inspiring conversations that helped inform this debate. There is quantitative engineering analysis that shows that improving the margin of safety is more cost effective than insisting on safe. Sadly

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sophie Roborgh

global rates, Mülhausen et al. state: Although the problematic nature of methodologies and data collection is widely acknowledged, many sources, including some INGOs [international NGOs] and academics, continue to use unreliable statistics to make advocacy claims. The continued emphasis on (incomplete) quantitative data with weak analytical potential, as opposed to increasing qualitative data through contextual and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The growth and measurement of British public education since the early nineteenth century
David Vincent

education, as in other areas, revolves around the issue of quantitative analysis – what the annual trends mean, what constitutes data and how they are compiled and understood, what the relationship is over time between investment and output. The first reaction of an historian of nineteenth-century Europe coming upon these attempts to chart a path for developing countries in the twenty-first century is the sheer familiarity of the categories that are being deployed. The process may be seeking to equip populations for the digital age but they depend on structures of

in History, historians and development policy