Royal Tourists, Colonial Subjects, and the Making of a British World, 1860-1911 examines the ritual space of nineteenth-century royal tours of empire and the diverse array of historical actors who participated in them. The book is a tale of royals who were ambivalent and bored partners in the project of empire; colonial administrators who used royal ceremonies to pursue a multiplicity of projects and interests or to imagine themselves as African chiefs or heirs to the Mughal emperors; local princes and chiefs who were bullied and bruised by the politics of the royal tour, even as some of them used the tour to symbolically appropriate or resist British cultural power; and settlers of European descent and people of colour in the empire who made claims on the rights and responsibilities of imperial citizenship and as co-owners of Britain’s global empire. Royal Tourists, Colonial Subjects, and the Making of a British World suggests that the diverse responses to the royal tours of the nineteenth century demonstrate how a multi-centred British-imperial culture was forged in the empire and was constantly made and remade, appropriated and contested. In this context, subjects of empire provincialized the British Isles, centring the colonies in their political and cultural constructions of empire, Britishness, citizenship, and loyalty.
irascible Prince to expel the marbles
angrily, storm out in a violent outburst and refuse further treatment.
Such cinematic language might function as a means of articulating the
unbearable pressures of royalty, in the way that Elsaesser and
Nowell-Smith, for example, interpret the ‘excessive’ or ‘hysterical’
moments of the family melodrama as oblique social critique, but its
primary function is ‘to
Amateur film, civic culture and the rehearsal of monarchy
provide many similar instances where children function as a mirror or
temporary surrogate for royalty.
The apparent preoccupation of amateur filmmakers with versions
of monarchy is partly determined by the accessibility of the subject
matter for the opportunistic camera operator. Yet they are also
pervasive because these films have met with the needs and fascinations
of the archivist and historian. From the
of the Order to fix on
the face of the film’s star in three-quarter profile. As she slowly
turns toward the camera, her left eyebrow still aloft, another white
title announces THE QUEEN, joining Mirren to her character in
The celebrity culture of the nineteenth century is often
credited with turning theatre stars into royalty, as the power of
Moving images of the British monarchy, in fact and fiction, are almost as old as the moving image itself, dating back to an 1895 dramatic vignette, The Execution of Mary Queen of Scots. Led by Queen Victoria, British monarchs themselves appeared in the new 'animated photography' from 1896. Half a century later, the 1953 coronation of Elizabeth II was a milestone in the adoption of television, watched by 20 million Britons and 100 million North Americans. At the century's end, Princess Diana's funeral was viewed by 2.5 billion worldwide. Seventeen essays by international commentators examine the portrayal of royalty in the 'actuality' picture, the early extended feature, amateur cinema, the movie melodrama, the Commonwealth documentary, New Queer Cinema, TV current affairs, the big screen ceremonial and the post-historical boxed set. These contributors include Ian Christie, Elisabeth Bronfen, Andrew Higson, Steven Fielding, Karen Lury, Glyn Davis, Ann Gray, Jane Landman, Victoria Duckett, Jude Cowan Montague, James Downs, Barbara Straumann, Deirdre Gilfedder, Jo Stephenson, Ruth Adams, Erin Bell, Basil Glynn and Nicola Rehling.
By expanding the geographical scope of the history of violence and war, this
volume challenges both Western and state-centric narratives of the decline of
violence and its relationship to modernity. It highlights instead similarities
across early modernity in terms of representations, legitimations, applications
of, and motivations for violence. It seeks to integrate methodologies of the
study of violence into the history of war, thereby extending the historical
significance of both fields of research. Thirteen case studies outline the
myriad ways in which large-scale violence was understood and used by states and
non-state actors throughout the early modern period across Africa, Asia, the
Americas, the Atlantic, and Europe, demonstrating that it was far more complex
than would be suggested by simple narratives of conquest and resistance.
Moreover, key features of imperial violence apply equally to large-scale
violence within societies. As the authors argue, violence was a continuum,
ranging from small-scale, local actions to full-blown war. The latter was
privileged legally and increasingly associated with states during early
modernity, but its legitimacy was frequently contested and many of its violent
forms, such as raiding and destruction of buildings and crops, could be found in
activities not officially classed as war.
Anton Walbrook played Prince Albert in both Victoria the Great ( 1937) - which coincided with George VI's coronation and the centenary of Queen Victoria's accession - and its sequel, Sixty Glorious Years (1938). Austrianborn Walbrook came to Britain specifically for this role, following a successful continental career as Adolf Wohlbrück. His Gennan films included musical comedies such as Walzerkrieg (1933) in which Hanna Waag played Queen Victoria very differently from Anna Neagle. This chapter will examine portrayals of British royalty in his films, linking them with Walbrook's life and the wider historical context. It will be argued that these portrayals of Prince Albert and Queen Victoria were influenced by Anglo-Gennan politics, and comparisons will be made to films by Walbrook's fonner colleagues, such as Ohm Kruger (1941) and Mary Queen of Scots, the Heart of a Queen (1940). The paper will draw attention to the waltz imagery that recurs in all three Victoria films, linking it to the actor's Viennese roots and showing how Prince Albert's journey from Saxe-Coburg to Windsor became intertwined with Wohlbrück's transfonnation into Walbrook.
monarchy? The significance of Crisp’s role in Potter’s film,
I will suggest, is its yoking together of the queerness of Woolf’s novel
with the author’s equivocal attitude towards royalty.
THE END OF AN ERA: CRISP’S REIGN AS QUEEN
Quentin Crisp was born in Surrey,
England, on 25 December 1908. (His Alternative Message was aired on his
eighty-fifth birthday.) He lived as an overt homosexual during decades
political meanings – of Crown and Parliament,
Empire and Commonwealth, sovereign and subject – do these moving images
convey? How are these meanings assimilated to the commercial significance of
royalty? Or indeed to the commercial imperatives of the media industries
that portray them?
If, as many commentators and the British Council itself
maintain, the Olympic opening ceremony was a triumphant celebration of the
25 Spectators in London’s
Trafalgar Square view the royal couple’s post-nuptial kiss on
the big screen, 2011 (AP Archive).
In this chapter I examine British royalty’s relationship
with the media, particularly since the advent of television, and review