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The evolution of Labour’s foreign policy, 1900–51

This is the first book in a two-volume set that traces the evolution of the Labour Party's foreign policy throughout the twentieth century and into the early years of the new millennium. It is a comprehensive study of the political ideology and history of the Labour Party's world-view and foreign policy. The set argues that the development of Labour's foreign policy perspective should be seen not as the development of a socialist foreign policy, but as an application of the ideas of liberal internationalism. The first volume outlines and assesses the early development and evolution of Labour's world-view. It then follows the course of the Labour Party's foreign policy during a tumultuous period on the international stage, including the First World War, the Russian Revolution, the Spanish Civil War, the build-up to and violent reality of the Second World War, and the start of the Cold War. The book provides an analysis of Labour's foreign policy during this period, in which Labour experienced power for the first time.

Visual Advocacy in the Early Decades of Humanitarian Cinema
Valérie Gorin

), ‘ The Red Cross Bureau of Pictures, 1917–1921: World War I, the Russian Revolution and the Sultan of Turkey’s Harem ’, Historical Journal of Film, Radio, and Television , 10 : 4 , 47 – 70 . Wells , K. ( 2013 ), ‘ The Melodrama of Being a Child: NGO Representations of Poverty ’, Visual Communication , 12 : 3 , 277 – 93 . Werner , G. ( 1920 ), ‘ Le “Save the Children Fund” ’, International Review of the Red Cross , 2 : 21 , 1008 – 24 . Zelizer , B. ( 2010 ), About to Die: How News Images Move the Public

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
The Algerian war and the ‘emancipation’ of Muslim women, 1954–62
Author: Neil Macmaster

In May 1958, and four years into the Algerian War of Independence, a revolt again appropriated the revolutionary and republican symbolism of the French Revolution by seizing power through a Committee of Public Safety. This book explores why a repressive colonial system that had for over a century maintained the material and intellectual backwardness of Algerian women now turned to an extensive programme of 'emancipation'. After a brief background sketch of the situation of Algerian women during the post-war decade, it discusses the various factors contributed to the emergence of the first significant women's organisations in the main urban centres. It was only after the outbreak of the rebellion in 1954 and the arrival of many hundreds of wives of army officers that the model of female interventionism became dramatically activated. The French military intervention in Algeria during 1954-1962 derived its force from the Orientalist current in European colonialism and also seemed to foreshadow the revival of global Islamophobia after 1979 and the eventual moves to 'liberate' Muslim societies by US-led neo-imperialism in Afghanistan and Iraq. For the women of Bordj Okhriss, as throughout Algeria, the French army represented a dangerous and powerful force associated with mass destruction, brutality and rape. The central contradiction facing the mobile socio-medical teams teams was how to gain the trust of Algerian women and to bring them social progress and emancipation when they themselves were part of an army that had destroyed their villages and driven them into refugee camps.

Open Access (free)
Design and material culture in Soviet Russia, 1960s–80s
Author: Yulia Karpova

The major part of this book project was funded by the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme under the Marie Sklodowska-Curie grant agreement No. 700913.

This book is about two distinct but related professional cultures in late Soviet Russia that were concerned with material objects: industrial design and decorative art. The Russian avant-garde of the 1920s is broadly recognised to have been Russia’s first truly original contribution to world culture. In contrast, Soviet design of the post-war period is often dismissed as hackwork and plagiarism that resulted in a shabby world of commodities. This book identifies the second historical attempt at creating a powerful alternative to capitalist commodities in the Cold War era. It offers a new perspective on the history of Soviet material culture by focusing on the notion of the ‘comradely object’ as an agent of progressive social relations that state-sponsored Soviet design inherited from the avant-garde. It introduces a shared history of domestic objects, handmade as well as machine-made, mass-produced as well as unique, utilitarian as well as challenging the conventional notion of utility. Situated at the intersection of intellectual history, social history and material culture studies, this book elucidates the complexities and contradictions of Soviet design that echoed international tendencies of the late twentieth century. The book is addressed to design historians, art historians, scholars of material culture, historians of Russia and the USSR, as well as museum and gallery curators, artists and designers, and the broader public interested in modern aesthetics, art and design, and/or the legacy of socialist regimes.

Christine E. Hallett

the Russian Revolution cannot touch Russia’s ‘wide, changeless spaces’, which ‘bring only comfort and peace’.28 Much of the book reads as a traveller’s tale,29 and its mood is loaded with the excitement of adventure, as its heroine faces danger and holds her nerve. On one occasion, Farmborough finds herself in acute danger, as a ‘folvark’ (an inn) in which she and her colleagues are spending a night is shelled. Her description is infused with dramatic tension: ‘The noise was deafening; the house rocked as in an earthquake; a crash of timber splitting, falling; a

in Nurse Writers of the Great War
Rhiannon Vickers

Cabinet, John Hodge became the newly created Minister of Labour, with four others in more minor posts.49 However, during 1917 the atmosphere changed, as the United States joined the Allies, and Russia defected after the October Revolution.50 Tensions quickly developed within the Labour Party over whether to stay in the war government or not, especially over the issue of British relations with Russia. Vic03 10/15/03 64 2:10 PM Page 64 THE LABOUR PARTY AND THE WORLD The 1917 Russian Revolution Events in Russia caused another rethink in foreign policy, and a

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
Open Access (free)
The failure of history
Neil Macmaster

order and a key site of resistance. ‘Post-Marxist’ or revisionist historians of the ‘classic’ revolutions, especially of the French and Russian Revolutions, have since the 1970s tended to emphasise the limitations of radical movements to effect a root-and-branch change in the deeper social structures of the ancien régime, structures which tended to survive underground only to resurface later. From the 1920s onwards several states engaged in the authoritarian, ‘top-down’, modernisation of Muslim societies, and in particular of the role of women and marriage law. The

in Burning the veil
Patrick Doyle

continued to promote this consumerist model in the years after Connolly's death. 63 Potential for a fruitful relationship between labour and rural co-operators existed by the end of the war. In the wake of the Russian Revolution, the confidence of international labour movements increased. In Ireland, the Russian Revolution galvanised the labour and co-operative movements and contributed to demands for social change. In February 1918 the leader of the Irish Labour Party, Tom Johnson, reflected upon the implications of the Russian Revolution in an

in Civilising rural Ireland
Open Access (free)
Class cultures, the trade unions and the Labour Party
John Callaghan

still considerable support for a separate ‘Trades Union Labour Party’ even though the unions got their way on the substance of the new constitution. The Parliamentary Committee elected at this TUC was as patriotic as any elected before it, and, according to McKibbin, ‘the membership of this committee was a more important determinant of the Labour Party’s development than the break-up of the Liberal Party, the Russian Revolution, the work of the Webbs, or even what Henderson thought he was doing in 1917’ (1974: 103). The Russian Revolution, McKibbin allows, had taught

in Interpreting the Labour Party
Open Access (free)
Rhiannon Vickers

-intervention, anti-militarism and international working-class solidarity. A third aspect of Labour’s international socialist solidarity arose with the advent of the Russian Revolution and the establishment of the Soviet Union. Arthur Henderson noted that ‘[T]he international outlook of the rulers of the Soviet Union is based on the fundamental belief of all Socialists everywhere that the ultimate guarantee of peace must be the drawing together of the nations of the world into one Commonwealth, and that this can come about only through Socialism.’44 Events in Russia radicalised the

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1