The intellectual influence of non-medical research on policy and practice in the Colonial Medical Service in Tanganyika and Uganda
town, and Ganda politics were
increasingly dominated by populist, anti-colonial agitators who
undermined the collaboration which had brought Buganda and the British
wealth and regional domination. 44 Yet this period, which brought such
administrative disillusionment, witnessed a flowering of medical and
socialscience research. The war years had interrupted the normal leave
pattern of the Ugandan
Human Remains and Violence: An Interdisciplinary Journal is a biannual,
peer-reviewed publication which draws together the different strands of academic
research on the dead body and the production of human remains en masse, whether
in the context of mass violence, genocidal occurrences or environmental
disasters. Inherently interdisciplinary, the journal publishes papers from a
range of academic disciplines within the humanities, social sciences and natural
sciences. Human Remains and Violence invites contributions from scholars working
in a variety of fields and interdisciplinary research is especially welcome.
The display of human remains is a controversial issue in many contemporary societies, with many museums globally removing them from display. However, their place in genocide memorials is also contested. Objections towards the display of remains are based strongly in the social sciences and humanities, predicated on assumptions made regarding the relationship between respect, identification and personhood. As remains are displayed scientifically and anonymously, it is often argued that the personhood of the remains is denied, thereby rendering the person ‘within’ the remains invisible. In this article I argue that the link between identification and personhood is, in some contexts, tenuous at best. Further, in the context of Cambodia, I suggest that such analyses ignore the ways that local communities and Cambodians choose to interact with human remains in their memorials. In such contexts, the display of the remains is central to restoring their personhood and dignity.
, germane to the issues surrounding situations of extreme violence, which recounts a research discussion entitled ‘Biafra, Humanitarian Intervention and History’ held in January 2020 in Manchester by the Humanitarian and Conflict Response Institute.
The aim of the Paris conference was to present the investigative approaches used by socialscience researchers, humanitarian practitioners, human rights activists and journalists. This issue of the JHA shows that while these groups have different objectives and field practices, there are connections (and in some cases
DRC, a bande dessinée on social mobilisation in
North Kivu 3 and a
non-fiction book on eastern Congolese fighters 4 ;
my contemporaneous work as a ‘media’ journalist for the
Arrêt sur images website 5 for which I inventoried and examined the
practices of journalists who had worked in the DRC 6 ;
Frédéric Le Marcis, Luisa Enria, Sharon Abramowitz, Almudena-Mari Saez, and Sylvain Landry B. Faye
socialsciences ( Bayart, 1989 ; Meillassoux, 1975 ). Cadets
sociaux are the opposite of elders or ‘doyens’
(individuals in a position of power because of their rank, regardless of their age).
The word ‘sociaux’ implies that they are young and therefore without
power, but not necessarily because of their age. Their status (and lack of
authority) is defined by their structural location in society: they may be youths,
or old but second-born, or women or foreigners with
C. ( 2011 ), Empire of Humanity: A History of
Humanitarianism ( New York :
Cornell University Press ).
Y. ( 2017 ), ‘ Law, Innovation,
and Collaboration in Networked Economy and Society’ ,
Annual Review of Law and SocialScience ,
13 : 1 , doi: 10.1146/annurev-lawsocsci-110316
This book addresses the practices, treatment and commemoration of victims’ remains in post- genocide and mass violence contexts. Whether reburied, concealed, stored, abandoned or publically displayed, human remains raise a vast number of questions regarding their legal, ethical and social uses. Human Remains in Society will raise these issues by examining when, how and why bodies are hidden or exhibited. Using case studies from multiple continents, each chapter will interrogate their effect on human remains, either desired or unintended, on various political, cultural or religious practices. How, for instance, do issues of confiscation, concealment or the destruction of bodies and body parts in mass crime impact on transitional processes, commemoration or judicial procedures?
Human remains and identification presents a pioneering investigation into the practices and methodologies used in the search for and exhumation of dead bodies resulting from mass violence. Previously absent from forensic debate, social scientists and historians here confront historical and contemporary exhumations with the application of social context to create an innovative and interdisciplinary dialogue, enlightening the political, social and legal aspects of mass crime and its aftermaths. Through a ground-breaking selection of international case studies, Human remains and identification argues that the emergence of new technologies to facilitate the identification of dead bodies has led to a “forensic turn”, normalising exhumations as a method of dealing with human remains en masse. However, are these exhumations always made for legitimate reasons? Multidisciplinary in scope, the book will appeal to readers interested in understanding this crucial phase of mass violence’s aftermath, including researchers in history, anthropology, sociology, forensic science, law, politics and modern warfare.
Distance: Gift Theory, Aid Chains and Social
Movements’ , Social and Cultural
Geography , 5 ,
229 – 50 .
R. L. and
H. ( 1997 ), ‘ The Development
Gift: The Problem of Reciprocity in the NGO World’ ,
Annals of the American Academy of Political and Social