1980–2000
Dominique Marshall

additional public support. Third world advocates, in Canada as elsewhere, had been convinced since the mid twentieth century that remedies to global inequalities started with the support of citizens at home ( Ermisch, 2015 ). Many NGOs and international government agencies of the late mid-twentieth century had embarked on campaigns of information aimed at sustaining public opinion in favor of long term work, between upsurges of popular support of relief during situations of war and natural emergency. Such work with the public, education included, enhanced the humanitarian

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
An Excerpt from Bill V. Mullen’s New Biography, James Baldwin: Living in Fire, and an Interview with the Author
Bill V. Mullen

This excerpt from James Baldwin: Living in Fire details a key juncture in Baldwin’s life, 1957–59, when he was transformed by a visit to the South to write about the civil rights movement while grappling with the meaning of the Algerian Revolution. The excerpt shows Baldwin understanding black and Arab liberation struggles as simultaneous and parallel moments in the rise of Third World, anti-colonial and anti-racist U.S. politics. It also shows Baldwin’s emotional and psychological vulnerability to repressive state violence experienced by black and Arab citizens in the U.S., France, and Algiers.

James Baldwin Review
Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

Introduction The promotion of female entrepreneurship in the global South has animated a great deal of feminist research on the World Bank, public-private partnerships and celebrity-endorsed initiatives. Hingeing on a ‘business case for gender equality’, it recasts the ‘Third World Woman’ ( Mohanty, 1984 ) as agentic and endlessly enterprising ( Wilson, 2011 ; Altan-Olcay, 2016 ; Roberts and Zulfiqar, 2019 ). Recent scholarship, however

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Editors’ Introduction
Tanja R. Müller and Gemma Sou

new financial model, then humanitarian innovation will be on life support from institutional donors indefinitely. Bibliography Bloom , L. and Faulkner , R. ( 2016 ), ‘ Innovation Spaces: Lessons from the United Nations’ , Third World Quarterly , 37 : 8 , 1371 – 8 , doi: 10

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Marie-Luce Desgrandchamps, Lasse Heerten, Arua Oko Omaka, Kevin O'Sullivan, and Bertrand Taithe

given that sense of belonging in the distribution of power and resources. This is why there appears to be a common view that Nigeria is not united. Bertrand: Kevin, can you tell us where Biafra matters from your perspective? Kevin: When I first came to work on Biafra, it was because of the impact it had on Ireland and, in particular, how a crisis of that nature transformed the way that Irish people encountered the Third World [ Bateman, 2012 ; O

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Paul Currion

Brighton ). Read , R. , Taithe , B. and MacGinty , R. ( 2016 ), ‘ Data Hubris? Humanitarian Information Systems and the Mirage of Technology’ , Third World Quarterly , doi: 10.1080/01436597.2015.1136208 . Sandvik , K

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Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

: Innovations Fair ’, November , www.alnap.org/ourwork/innovations/fair (accessed 5 April 2017 ). Amsden , A. H. ( 1990 ), ‘ Third World Industrialization: “Global Fordism” or a New Model? ’, New Left Review , 182 , 5 – 31 . Anderson , C. ( 2007 ), ‘ The End of Theory: The Data Deluge Makes the Scientific Method Obsolete ’, Wired , 16 July , http://archive.wired.com/science/discoveries/magazine/16-07/pb_theory (accessed 9 February 2015

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Jeffrey Flynn

, which would become an ‘icon of Third World suffering’, were the ‘watershed that turned the conflict into a global media event’ (9). It was neither the first nor the last time such images were used to draw Western attention to distant suffering. Indeed, the path-breaking collection Humanitarian Photography – which includes an essay by Heerten on Biafra – takes a longer view by gathering historians to analyse the visual culture of humanitarianism from the late nineteenth century to

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Valérie Gorin and Sönke Kunkel

. Johnson , H. L. ( 2011 ), ‘ Click to Donate: Visual Images, Constructing Victims and Imagining the Female Refugees ’, Third World Quarterly , 32 : 6 , 1015 – 37 . Kennedy , D. ( 2009 ), ‘ Selling the Distant Other: Humanitarianism and Imagery – Ethical Dilemmas of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Digital Bodies, Data and Gifts
Kristin Bergtora Sandvik

through Technology?’ , Third World Quarterly , 39 : 8 , 1 – 17 . Jasanoff , S. (ed.) ( 2004 ), States of Knowledge: The Co-Production of Science and the Social Order ( London and New York : Routledge ). Korf , B. et al

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