The evolution of the UK software market:
scale of demand and the role of competences
Suma S. Athreye
This chapter studies the evolution of the software industry in the UK. Previous
work on the evolution of the software industry in the UK by Grindley (1996)
emphasised the constraints imposed on the newly emerging software sector
due to the steady erosion of a domestic hardware capability. While hardware
manufacturers were an important source of demand and often supplied the
entrepreneurship required for software firms in the early stages, we show
The term ‘Open Internet’ is one
that the digital minister, Ed Vaizey and I agreed some years ago
was a better term for the UK than the American term – net
Richard Hooper 1
Regulation of Internet access is a
1 1 1 1 Editorial Humanitarianism and the End of Liberal Order Editor’s Introduction
1 1 1 1 1 1 3 3 1 10.7227/JHA.001 Research Article When the Music Stops Humanitarianism in a Post-Liberal World Order
1 1 1 1 4 4 14 14 2 10.7227/JHA.002 Post-Humanitarianism Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
challenged. The ground gained by so called ‘illiberal
democracy’ is prodigious, not merely in terms of the number of countries where illiberal
politics is alive and thriving, many of which are in the West (the US, much of the EU, the UK)
but in terms of the creeping legitimacy that attends right-wing solutions to ongoing social and
political problems. This is nowhere truer than in the major new power in the international
system, China, where a version of state-controlled capitalism co-exists alongside a principled
rejection of liberalism.
from want and freedom from fear.
The Dumbarton Oaks Conference took place in Washington, D.C., from August to October 1944.
Delegations from the US, the UK, the Soviet Union and China gathered to discuss plans for a
post-war international organisation. The United Nations then came into existence in October
1945, when 51 countries ratified its charter in San Francisco.
In The Great Transformation , Karl Polanyi refers to a double movement that
occurs in the development of the ‘Market
Holling’s often quoted article on ecological resilience is a critique of
equilibrium theory based upon research on predator/prey relations in the wild ( Holling, 1973 ).
In 2010, for example, the UK government established a Behavioural Insights Team (also known
as the Nudge Unit). Since 2014, it has existed as a ‘social purpose company’ that
is partly owned by the Cabinet Office, its employees and the data-innovation charity Nesta.
Except for limited pattern